Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

     FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2011

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                     TO                    

COMMISSION FILE NUMBER: 0-23599

 

 

MERCURY COMPUTER SYSTEMS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

MASSACHUSETTS   04-2741391

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

201 RIVERNECK ROAD

CHELMSFORD, MA

  01824
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

978-256-1300

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer ¨    Accelerated filer x    Non-accelerated filer ¨    Smaller reporting company ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

Shares of Common Stock outstanding as of January 31, 2012: 30,858,510 shares

 

 

 


Table of Contents

MERCURY COMPUTER SYSTEMS, INC.

INDEX

 

          PAGE
NUMBER
 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

  

Item 1.

  

Financial Statements (Unaudited)

     3   
  

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2011 and June 30, 2011

     3   
  

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and six months ended December 31, 2011 and 2010

     4   
  

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended December 31, 2011 and 2010

     5   
  

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

     6   

Item 2.

  

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     20   

Item 3.

  

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

     33   

Item 4.

  

Controls and Procedures

     33   

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

  

Item 1.

   Legal Proceedings      34   

Item 1A.

   Risk Factors      34   

Item 6.

   Exhibits      34   
   Signatures      36   

 

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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

MERCURY COMPUTER SYSTEMS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

     December 31,
2011
     June 30,
2011
 

Assets

     

Current assets:

     

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 104,955       $ 162,875   

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $45 and $17 at December 31, 2011 and June 30, 2011, respectively

     46,807         44,786   

Unbilled receivables and cost in excess of billings

     8,495         1,059   

Inventory

     22,760         18,540   

Deferred income taxes

     8,745         7,678   

Prepaid income taxes

     1,955         1,075   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     5,262         4,171   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total current assets

     198,979         240,184   

Restricted cash

     3,281         3,000   

Property and equipment, net

     14,452         14,520   

Goodwill

     132,471         79,558   

Acquired intangible assets, net

     27,545         16,702   

Other non-current assets

     928         1,598   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 377,656       $ 355,562   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity

     

Current liabilities:

     

Accounts payable

   $ 7,168       $ 7,972   

Accrued expenses

     8,883         5,607   

Accrued compensation

     11,996         16,288   

Income taxes payable

     1,574         201   

Deferred revenues and customer advances

     9,595         6,138   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     39,216         36,206   

Deferred gain on sale-leaseback

     4,978         5,556   

Deferred income taxes

     7,978         3,877   

Income taxes payable

     1,777         1,777   

Other non-current liabilities

     5,496         6,710   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     59,445         54,126   

Commitments and contingencies (Note H)

     

Shareholders’ equity:

     

Preferred stock, $.01 par value; 1,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued or outstanding

     —           —     

Common stock, $.01 par value; 85,000,000 shares authorized; 29,542,989 and 29,143,738 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2011 and June 30, 2011, respectively

     295         291   

Additional paid-in capital

     218,812         213,777   

Retained earnings

     97,811         86,113   

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     1,293         1,255   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total shareholders’ equity

     318,211         301,436   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

   $ 377,656       $ 355,562   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 

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MERCURY COMPUTER SYSTEMS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended
December 31,
    Six Months Ended
December 31,
 
     2011     2010     2011     2010  

Net revenues

   $ 67,959      $ 55,513      $ 117,081      $ 107,621   

Cost of revenues

     27,046        23,873        46,252        45,321   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross margin

     40,913        31,640        70,829        62,300   

Operating expenses:

        

Selling, general and administrative

     14,419        14,019        28,064        28,216   

Research and development

     11,724        10,479        23,589        21,378   

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

     692        317        1,508        636   

Acquisition costs and other related expenses

     593        307        618        307   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

     27,428        25,122        53,779        50,537   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from operations

     13,485        6,518        17,050        11,763   

Interest income

     3        6        9        13   

Interest expense

     (9     (49     (18     (58

Other income, net

     394        404        799        920   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations before income taxes

     13,873        6,879        17,840        12,638   

Income taxes

     4,828        1,696        6,142        3,773   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

     9,045        5,183        11,698        8,865   

Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes

     —          —          —          (52
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

   $ 9,045      $ 5,183      $ 11,698      $ 8,813   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic net earnings (loss) per share:

        

Income from continuing operations

   $ 0.31      $ 0.22      $ 0.40      $ 0.39   

Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes

     —          —          —          (0.01
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

   $ 0.31      $ 0.22      $ 0.40      $ 0.38   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted net earnings (loss) per share:

        

Income from continuing operations

   $ 0.30      $ 0.22      $ 0.39      $ 0.37   

Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes

     —          —          —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

   $ 0.30      $ 0.22      $ 0.39      $ 0.37   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted-average shares outstanding:

        

Basic

     29,457        23,099        29,367        23,021   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted

     29,969        23,998        30,001        23,704   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income:

        

Net income

   $ 9,045      $ 5,183      $ 11,698      $ 8,813   

Foreign currency translation adjustments

     (20     73        38        239   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income

   $ 9,025      $ 5,256      $ 11,736      $ 9,052   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 

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MERCURY COMPUTER SYSTEMS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

     Six Months Ended
December 31,
 
     2011     2010  

Cash flows from operating activities:

    

Net income

   $ 11,698      $ 8,813   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

    

Depreciation and amortization expense

     5,268        3,616   

Stock-based compensation expense

     3,852        2,923   

(Benefit) provision for deferred income taxes

     (716     806   

Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation

     (412     (787

Other non-cash items

     (358     (428

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects of businesses acquired:

    

Accounts receivable

     1,162        11,112   

Inventory

     (4,184     (2,988

Prepaid income taxes

     705        1,800   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     121        (439

Other non-current assets

     696        (722

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

     (5,693     (4,909

Deferred revenues and customer advances

     1,970        (1,613

Income taxes payable

     1,778        426   

Other non-current liabilities

     (643     (157
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     15,244        17,453   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

    

Acquisition of business, net of cash acquired

     (70,370     —     

Sales and maturities of marketable securities

     —          18,025   

Purchases of property and equipment

     (3,571     (3,598

Increase in restricted cash

     (281     —     

Payments for acquired intangible assets

     (20     (2,175
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities

     (74,242     12,252   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

    

Proceeds from employee stock plans

     785        1,585   

Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation

     412        1,017   

Payments of deferred offering costs

     (30     —     

Payments of capital lease obligations

     (102     (136
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

     1,065        2,466   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

     13        25   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

     (57,920     32,196   

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

     162,875        56,241   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 104,955      $ 88,437   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash paid during the period for:

    

Interest

   $ 18      $ 12   

Income taxes

   $ 4,510      $ 389   

Supplemental disclosures—non-cash activities:

    

Issuance of restricted stock awards to employees

   $ 6,201      $ 7,126   

Acquisition of intangible assets

   $ —        $ 495   

Capital lease

   $ —        $ 251   

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 

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MERCURY COMPUTER SYSTEMS, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

A. Description of Business

Mercury Computer Systems, Inc. (the “Company” or “Mercury”) designs, manufactures and markets commercially-developed, high-performance embedded, real-time digital signal and image processing sub-systems and software for specialized defense and commercial computing markets. The Company’s solutions play a critical role in a wide range of applications, transforming sensor data to information for analysis and action. In military reconnaissance and surveillance platforms, the Company’s sub-systems process real-time radar, video, sonar and signals intelligence data. The Company provides microwave products for enhanced communications capabilities in military and commercial applications. Additionally, the Company entered the defense contracting market space in fiscal 2008 through the creation of its wholly-owned subsidiary, Mercury Federal Systems, Inc. (“MFS”), to focus on contracts supporting the defense, intelligence, and homeland security markets.

The Company’s products and solutions address mission-critical requirements within the defense industry for C4ISR (command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance) and electronic warfare, or EW, systems and services, and target several markets including maritime defense, airborne reconnaissance, ballistic missile defense, ground mobile and force protection systems and tactical communications and network systems. The Company’s products or solutions have been deployed in approximately 300 different programs with over 25 different prime defense contractors.

B. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND PRINCIPLES OF CONSOLIDATION

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared by the Company in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to the Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Certain information and footnote disclosures, normally included in annual consolidated financial statements have been condensed or omitted pursuant to those rules and regulations; however, in the opinion of management the financial information reflects all adjustments, consisting of adjustments of a normal recurring nature, necessary for fair presentation. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 which are contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on August 18, 2011. The results for the three and six months ended December 31, 2011 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full fiscal year.

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated.

USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

REVENUE RECOGNITION

The Company enters into multiple-deliverable arrangements that may include a combination of hardware components, related integration or other services. These arrangements generally do not include any

 

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performance-, cancellation-, termination- or refund-type provisions. Total revenue recognized under multiple-deliverable revenue arrangements was approximately 55% and 51% of total revenues in the three and six months ended December 31, 2011, respectively. Total revenue recognized under multiple-deliverable revenue arrangements was approximately 48% and 51% of total revenues in the three and six months ended December 31, 2010, respectively. Approximately 50% of the Company’s multiple-deliverable revenue arrangements typically ship complete within the same quarter.

Each deliverable within the Company’s multiple-deliverable revenue arrangements is accounted for as a separate unit of accounting under the guidance of Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2009-13 if both of the following criteria are met: the delivered item or items have value to the customer on a standalone basis; and for an arrangement that includes a general right of return relative to the delivered item(s), delivery or performance of the undelivered item(s) is considered probable and substantially in the control of the Company. The Company considers a deliverable to have standalone value if the item is sold separately by the Company or another vendor or could be resold by the customer. Further, the Company’s revenue arrangements generally do not include a general right of return relative to delivered products.

Deliverables not meeting the criteria for being a separate unit of accounting are combined with a deliverable that does meet that criterion. The appropriate allocation of arrangement consideration and recognition of revenue is then determined for the combined unit of accounting.

The Company allocates arrangement consideration to each deliverable in an arrangement based on its relative selling price. The Company determines the selling price of its deliverables based on the following hierarchy: (1) vendor-specific objective evidence (“VSOE”) if available; (2) third-party evidence (“TPE”) if VSOE is not available; and (3) best estimated selling price (“BESP”) if neither VSOE nor TPE is available. The Company is not able to establish TPE due to the nature of the markets in which the Company competes, and, as such, the Company determines selling price using VSOE or BESP.

VSOE is generally limited to the price charged when the same or similar product is sold separately or, if applicable, the stated substantive renewal rate in the agreement. If a product or service is seldom sold separately, it is unlikely that the Company can determine VSOE for the product or service. The Company defines VSOE as a median price of recent standalone transactions that are priced within a narrow range, as defined by the Company.

The Company’s determination of BESP involves a weighting of several factors based on the specific facts and circumstances of the arrangement. Specifically, the Company considers the cost to produce the deliverable, the anticipated margin on that deliverable, the selling price and profit margin for similar parts, the Company’s ongoing pricing strategy and policies (as evident in the price list as established and updated on a regular basis), the value of any enhancements that have been built into the deliverable and the characteristics of the varying markets in which the deliverable is sold. The Company will determine BESP for deliverables in future agreements based on the specific facts and circumstances of each arrangement.

The Company analyzes the selling prices used in its allocation of arrangement consideration at a minimum on an annual basis. Selling prices are analyzed on a more frequent basis if a significant change in the Company’s business necessitates a more timely analysis or if the Company experiences significant fluctuations in the selling prices of its products.

WEIGHTED-AVERAGE SHARES

Weighted-average shares were calculated as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended
December 31,
     Six Months Ended
December 31,
 
         2011              2010              2011              2010      

Basic weighted-average shares outstanding

     29,457         23,099         29,367         23,021   

Effect of dilutive equity instruments

     512         899         634         683   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted weighted-average shares outstanding

     29,969         23,998         30,001         23,704   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Equity instruments to purchase 1,500 and 925 shares of common stock were not included in the calculation of diluted net earnings per share for the three and six months ended December 31, 2011, respectively, because the equity instruments were anti-dilutive. Equity instruments to purchase 767 and 945 shares of common stock were not included in the calculation of diluted net earnings per share for the three and six months ended December 31, 2010, respectively, because the equity instruments were anti-dilutive.

RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

In September 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-08, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Testing Goodwill for Impairment, an amendment of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification. The ASU permits an entity to make a qualitative assessment of whether it is more likely than not that a reporting unit’s fair value is less than its carrying amount before applying the two-step goodwill impairment test. If an entity concludes it is not more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, it does not need to perform the two-step impairment test. The ASU is effective for annual and interim goodwill impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011. This guidance is not expected to have a material impact to the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In December 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-11, Disclosures about Offsetting Assets and Liabilities, in conjunction with the International Accounting Standards Board’s (“IASB”) issuance of amendments to Disclosures—Offsetting Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities (Amendments to IFRS 7). While the Boards retained the existing offsetting models under U.S. GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”), the new standards require disclosures to allow investors to better compare financial statements prepared under U.S. GAAP with financial statements prepared under IFRS. The new standards are effective for annual periods beginning January 1, 2013, and interim periods within those annual periods. Retrospective application is required. This guidance is not expected to have a material impact to the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In December 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-12, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Deferral of the Effective Date for Amendments to the Presentation of Reclassifications of Items Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income in Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-05. The ASU defers the new requirement to present components of reclassifications of other comprehensive income on the face of the income statement. Companies are still required to adopt the other requirements contained in the new standard on comprehensive income, ASU No. 2011-05, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Presentation of Comprehensive Income (“ASU No. 2011-05”). The new standard and this deferral are effective for public entities as of the beginning of a fiscal year that begins after December 15, 2011 and interim and annual periods thereafter. Early adoption is permitted but full retrospective application is required. Effective July 1, 2010, the Company adopted FASB ASU 2011-05 and has presented the components of net income and comprehensive income in one consecutive financial statement on the Company’s 2011 Annual Report and interim quarterly reports on Form 10-Q. This guidance is not expected to have a material impact to the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

C. Acquisitions

KOR and PDI ACQUISITION

On December 22, 2011, the Company and King Merger Inc., a newly formed, wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (the “Merger Sub”), entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”) with KOR Electronics (“KOR”), and Shareholder Representative Services LLC, as the securityholders’ representative. On December 30, 2011, the transaction closed with the Merger Sub being merged with and into KOR with KOR continuing as the surviving company and wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (the “Merger”). By operation of the Merger, the Company acquired both KOR and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Paragon Dynamics, Inc. (“PDI”). Based in Cypress, California, KOR designs and develops digital radio frequency memory (“DRFM”) units for a variety of modern EW applications, as well as radar environment

 

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simulation and test systems for defense applications. Based in Aurora, Colorado, PDI provides sophisticated analytic exploitation services and customized multi-intelligence data fusion solutions for the U.S. intelligence community. For segment reporting, KOR will be included in the Advanced Computing Solutions (“ACS”) business segment and PDI will be included in MFS business segment. All operating results from both KOR and PDI have been excluded from Mercury’s consolidated statements of operations, as well as ACS and MFS segment reporting, for the three and six months ended December 31, 2011 due to immateriality.

The Company acquired KOR and PDI for a net purchase price of $70,000 paid in cash. The Company funded the purchase price with cash on hand. The Company acquired KOR and PDI free of bank debt. The purchase price was subject to post-closing adjustment based on a determination of KOR’s closing net working capital.

In accordance with the Merger Agreement, $10,650 of the purchase price was placed into escrow to support the post-closing working capital adjustment and the sellers’ indemnification obligations. The escrow is available for indemnification claims through December 30, 2013. No amounts have been released from escrow as of December 31, 2011.

The following table presents the net purchase price for the acquisition of KOR:

 

     Net Purchase
Price
 

Consideration transferred

  

Cash paid at closing

   $ 71,019   

Working capital adjustment

     370   

Less cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash acquired

     (1,019
  

 

 

 

Net purchase price

   $ 70,370   
  

 

 

 

The following table presents the preliminary allocation of the net purchase price for KOR:

 

     Net Purchase Price
Allocation
 

Estimated fair value of tangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed

  

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

   $ 1,019   

Accounts receivable and cost in excess of billings

     10,600   

Other assets

     4,054   

Current liabilities

     (4,843

Deferred income taxes

     (4,684
  

 

 

 

Estimated fair value of net tangible assets acquired

     6,146   

Estimated fair value of identifiable intangible assets

     12,330   

Estimated fair value of goodwill

     52,913   
  

 

 

 

Estimated fair value of assets acquired

   $ 71,389   

Less cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash acquired

     (1,019
  

 

 

 

Net purchase price

   $ 70,370   
  

 

 

 

The amounts above represent the preliminary fair value estimates as of December 31, 2011 and are subject to subsequent adjustment as the Company obtains additional information during the measurement period and finalizes its fair value estimates. Any subsequent adjustments to these fair value estimates occurring during the measurement period will result in an adjustment to goodwill or income, as applicable.

The goodwill of $52,913 arising from the KOR acquisition largely reflects the potential synergies and expansion of the Company’s service offerings across product segments complementary to the Company’s

 

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existing products. The KOR acquisition provides the Company with additional know-how and expertise related to radio frequency simulation and jamming technology and expansion into technical services for the U.S. intelligence community.

No revenues or expenses were recognized for KOR in the Company’s results for the three and six months ended December 31, 2011.

Pro Forma Financial Information

The following tables summarize the supplemental statements of operations information on an unaudited pro forma basis as if the KOR acquisition had occurred on July 1, 2010:

 

     Six Months Ended
December 31,
 
     2011      2010  

Pro forma net revenues

   $ 137,630       $ 125,562   

Pro forma net income

   $ 11,742       $ 10,661   

Basic pro forma net earnings per share

   $ 0.40       $ 0.46   

Diluted pro forma net earnings per share

   $ 0.39       $ 0.45   

The pro forma results presented above are for illustrative purposes only for the applicable periods and do not purport to be indicative of the actual results which would have occurred had the transaction been completed as of the beginning of the period, nor are they indicative of results of operations which may occur in the future.

D. Goodwill and Acquired Intangible Assets

The following table sets forth the changes in the carrying amount of goodwill for six months ended December 31, 2011:

 

     Amounts  

Balance at June 30, 2011

   $ 79,558   

Goodwill allocated to KOR

     33,707   

Goodwill allocated to PDI

     19,206   
  

 

 

 

Total Goodwill arising from the KOR acquisition

     52,913   
  

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2011

   $ 132,471   
  

 

 

 

In the six months ended December 31, 2011, there were no triggering events, as defined by FASB ASC Topic 350, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (“FASB ASC 350”), which required an interim goodwill impairment test. The Company performs its annual goodwill impairment test in the fourth quarter of each fiscal year.

The Company determines its reporting units in accordance with FASB ASC 350, by assessing whether discrete financial information is available and if management regularly reviews the operating results of that component. Following this assessment, the Company determined that its reporting units are the same as its operating segments, ACS and MFS. As of June 30, 2011, ACS was the only reporting unit that had a goodwill balance, and as such, the annual impairment analysis was performed for this reporting unit only. As of December 31, 2011, both ACS and MFS had goodwill balances, as such; the annual impairment analysis will be performed for each reporting unit in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2012.

 

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Acquired intangible assets consisted of the following:

 

     Gross
Carrying
Amount
     Accumulated
Amortization
    Net
Carrying
Amount
     Weighted
Average
Useful
Life
 

December 31, 2011

          

Customer relationships

   $ 26,660       $ (8,117   $ 18,543         6.8 years   

Licensing agreements, trademarks and patents

     4,065         (2,053     2,012         5.5 years   

Completed technologies

     5,770         (469     5,301         5.5 years   

Trademarks

     1,020         —          1,020         6.5 years   

Backlog

     800         (388     412         2.0 years   

Non-compete agreements

     580         (323     257         4.6 years   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    
   $ 38,895       $ (11,350   $ 27,545      
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

June 30, 2011

          

Customer relationships

   $ 18,300       $ (7,530   $ 10,770         6.7 years   

Licensing agreements, trademarks and patents

     4,045         (1,622     2,423         5.5 years   

Completed technologies

     2,900         (227     2,673         6.0 years   

Backlog

     800         (188     612         2.0 years   

Non-compete agreements

     500         (276     224         5.0 years   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    
   $ 26,545       $ (9,843   $ 16,702      
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

Estimated future amortization expense for acquired intangible assets remaining at December 31, 2011 is as follows:

 

     Year Ending
June 30,
 

2012

   $ 2,298   

2013

     4,833   

2014

     4,798   

2015

     4,638   

2016

     4,221   

Thereafter

     6,757   
  

 

 

 

Total future amortization expense

   $ 27,545   
  

 

 

 

The following tables summarize the acquired intangible assets arising as a result of the KOR acquisition. KOR is included in the ACS reporting segment. PDI is included in the MFS reporting segment. These assets are included in the Company’s gross carrying amounts as of December 31, 2011.

Preliminary estimated fair value of acquired intangible assets at December 31, 2011 for KOR is as follows:

 

Classification

   Amount      Weighted Average
Useful Life
 

Customer relationships

   $ 5,510         7.0 years   

Completed technologies

     2,870         5.0 years   

Trademark

     390         4.0 years   

Non-compete agreements

     80         2.0 years   
  

 

 

    

Total

   $ 8,850         6.2 years   
  

 

 

    

 

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Preliminary estimated fair value of acquired intangible assets at December 31, 2011 for PDI is as follows:

 

Classification

   Amount      Weighted Average
Useful Life
 

Customer relationships

   $ 2,850         7.0 years   

Trademark

     630         8.0 years   
  

 

 

    

Total

   $ 3,480         7.2 years   
  

 

 

    

E. Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The Company measures at fair value certain financial assets and liabilities, including cash equivalents, restricted cash and contingent consideration. FASB ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement and Disclosures, specifies a hierarchy of valuation techniques based on whether the inputs to those valuation techniques are observable or unobservable. Observable inputs reflect market data obtained from independent sources, while unobservable inputs reflect the Company’s market assumptions. These two types of inputs have created the following fair-value hierarchy:

Level 1—Quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets;

Level 2—Quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active, and model-derived valuations in which all significant inputs and significant value drivers are observable in active markets; and

Level 3—Valuations derived from valuation techniques in which one or more significant inputs or significant value drivers are unobservable.

The following table summarizes the Company’s financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at December 31, 2011:

 

     Fair Value Measurements  
     December 31,
2011
     Level 1      Level 2      Level 3  

Assets:

           

U.S. Treasury bills and money market funds

   $ 93,043       $ 93,043       $ —         $ —     

Restricted cash

     3,281         3,281         —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 96,324       $ 96,324       $ —         $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities:

           

Contingent consideration

   $ 4,900       $ —         $ —         $ 4,900   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and payable, and accrued liabilities approximate fair value due to the short-term maturities of these assets and liabilities.

The Company determines the fair value of the contingent consideration related to the LNX acquisition based on the probability of LNX attaining specific financial targets using an appropriate discount rate to present value the liability. The following table provides a rollforward of the fair value of the contingent consideration, whose fair values were determined by Level 3 inputs:

 

     Fair Value  

Balance at June 30, 2011

   $ 4,854   

Recognition of accretion expense in operating expenses

     46   
  

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2011

   $ 4,900   
  

 

 

 

 

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F. Inventory

Inventory is stated at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out) or market value, and consists of materials, labor and overhead. On a quarterly basis, the Company uses consistent methodologies to evaluate inventory for net realizable value. The Company reduces the value of inventory for excess and obsolete inventory, consisting of on-hand and non-cancelable on-order inventory in excess of estimated usage. The excess and obsolete inventory evaluation is based upon assumptions about future demand, product mix and possible alternative uses. Inventory was comprised of the following:

 

     December 31,
2011
     June 30,
2011
 

Raw materials

   $ 8,934       $ 7,314   

Work in process

     9,095         7,554   

Finished goods

     4,731         3,672   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 22,760       $ 18,540   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

There are no amounts in inventory relating to contracts having production cycles longer than one year.

G. Debt

Senior Secured Credit Facility

The Company has a loan and security agreement (the “Loan Agreement”) with Silicon Valley Bank that provides a $35,000 revolving line of credit (the “Revolver”), with interest payable monthly and the principal due at the February 11, 2014 maturity of the Revolver. The Loan Agreement provides for conventional affirmative and negative covenants, including a minimum quick ratio of 1.0 and a $15,000 minimum trailing four quarter cash flow covenant through and including June 30, 2012 (with $17,500 of minimum cash flow required thereafter). The minimum cash flow covenant is calculated as the Company’s trailing-four quarter adjusted EBITDA as defined in the Loan Agreement. In addition, the Loan Agreement contains certain customary representations and warranties and limits the Company’s and its subsidiaries’ ability to incur liens, dispose of assets, carry out certain mergers and acquisitions, make investments and capital expenditures and defines events of default and limitations on the ability of the Company and its subsidiaries to incur additional debt. The interest rates include various rate options that are available to the Company. The rates are calculated using a combination of conventional base rate measures plus a margin over those rates. The base rates consist of LIBOR rates and prime rates. The actual rates will depend on the level of these underlying rates plus a margin based on the Company’s leverage at the time of borrowing. Borrowings are secured by a first-priority security interest in all of the Company’s domestic assets, including intellectual property, but limited to 65% of the voting stock of foreign subsidiaries. The Company’s MFS, LNX, KOR and PDI subsidiaries are guarantors and have granted a security interest in their assets in favor of Silicon Valley Bank. The Company has had no borrowings under the Loan Agreement since inception and was in compliance with all covenants as of December 31, 2011.

H. Commitments and Contingencies

LEGAL CLAIMS

The U.S. Department of Justice (“DOJ”) is conducting an investigation into the conduct of certain former employees of PDI in the 2008-2009 time frame and has asserted that such conduct may have constituted a violation of the Procurement Integrity Act and that civil penalties would apply to any such violations. PDI and its parent company, KOR, have been cooperating in the investigation. While the parties have engaged in discussions and correspondence regarding this matter, no resolution has been reached and no litigation has commenced. Since its acquisition of PDI and KOR, the Company has been in the process of developing a more complete assessment of the DOJ investigation. The Company is entitled to indemnity with respect to this matter pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, and based on this indemnity and the associated escrow arrangements, the matter is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s cash flows, results of operations, or financial condition. 

 

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In addition to the foregoing, the Company is subject to litigation, claims, investigations and audits arising from time to time in the ordinary course of its business. Although legal proceedings are inherently unpredictable, the Company believes that it has valid defenses with respect to those matters currently pending against it and intends to defend itself self vigorously. The outcome of these matters, individually and in the aggregate, is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s cash flows, results of operations, or financial position.

INDEMNIFICATION OBLIGATIONS

The Company’s standard product sales and license agreements entered into in the ordinary course of business typically contain an indemnification provision pursuant to which the Company indemnifies, holds harmless, and agrees to reimburse the indemnified party for losses suffered or incurred by the indemnified party in connection with any patent, copyright or other intellectual property infringement claim by any third party with respect to the Company’s products. Such provisions generally survive termination or expiration of the agreements. The potential amount of future payments the Company could be required to make under these indemnification provisions is, in some instances, unlimited.

In connection with the divestitures of the Company’s former VI, VSG, Biotech and ES/PS businesses, which occurred in January 2009, June 2009, September 2008, and May 2008, respectively, the Company provided indemnification to the buyers of the respective businesses. The Company’s indemnification obligations generally cover the buyers for damages resulting from breaches of representations, warranties and covenants contained in the applicable purchase and sale agreement and generally cover pre-closing tax liabilities of the divested businesses. The Company’s indemnification obligations related to divested businesses are generally subject to caps and expire at various defined future dates.

PURCHASE COMMITMENTS

In September 2006, the Company entered into a supply agreement with a third-party vendor to purchase certain inventory parts that went “end of life.” This supply agreement, as subsequently amended, commits the vendor to acquiring and storing approximately $6,500 of inventory until August 31, 2012 and allows the Company to place orders for the inventory four times a year. Upon the earlier of January 31, 2007 or completion of the wafer fabrication process, the Company was required to and paid approximately $1,900 of the $6,500. Further, upon expiration of the agreement on August 31, 2012, if the Company does not purchase the full $6,500 in inventory, it may be required to pay a penalty equal to 35% of the remaining inventory balance. As of December 31, 2011, the remaining minimum commitment related to this agreement was $1,578, which is the 35% penalty on the remaining inventory balance. As of December 31, 2011, the Company has recorded an accrued liability of approximately $625 for the 35% penalty it anticipates paying for unpurchased inventory.

As of December 31, 2011, the Company has entered into non-cancelable purchase commitments for certain inventory components and services used in its normal operations. The purchase commitments covered by these agreements are for less than one year and aggregate to approximately $16,438.

I. Stock-Based Compensation

STOCK OPTION PLANS

The number of shares authorized for issuance under the Company’s 2005 Stock Incentive Plan, as amended and restated (the “2005 Plan”), is 6,092 shares, which will be increased by any future cancellations, forfeitures or terminations (other than by exercise) under the Company’s 1997 Stock Option Plan (the “1997 Plan”). On October 21, 2011, the Company’s shareholders approved an increase in the number of shares authorized for issuance under the 2005 plan to 6,092, an increase of 1,000. The 2005 Plan provides for the grant of non-qualified and incentive stock options, restricted stock, stock appreciation rights and deferred stock awards to employees and non-employees. All stock options are granted with an exercise price of not less than 100% of the fair value of the Company’s common stock at the date of grant and the options generally have a term of seven years. There were 2,859 shares available for future grant under the 2005 Plan at December 31, 2011.

 

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Table of Contents

The number of shares authorized for issuance under the 1997 Plan was 8,650 shares, of which 100 shares could be issued pursuant to restricted stock grants. The 1997 Plan provided for the grant of non-qualified and incentive stock options and restricted stock to employees and non-employees. All stock options were granted with an exercise price of not less than 100% of the fair value of the Company’s common stock at the date of grant. The options typically vest over periods of zero to four years and have a maximum term of 10 years. Following shareholder approval of the 2005 Plan on November 14, 2005, the Company’s Board of Directors directed that no further grants of stock options or other awards would be made under the 1997 Plan, and the 1997 Plan subsequently expired in June 2007. The foregoing does not affect any outstanding awards under the 1997 Plan, which remain in full force and effect in accordance with their terms.

EMPLOYEE STOCK PURCHASE PLAN

The number of shares authorized for issuance under the Company’s 1997 Employee Stock Purchase Plan, as amended and restated (“ESPP”), is 1,400 shares. On October 21, 2011, the Company’s shareholders approved an increase in the number of shares authorized for issuance under the ESPP to 1,400, an increase of 300. Under the ESPP, rights are granted to purchase shares of common stock at 85% of the lesser of the market value of such shares at either the beginning or the end of each six-month offering period. The ESPP permits employees to purchase common stock through payroll deductions, which may not exceed 10% of an employee’s compensation as defined in the ESPP. There were 58 and 54 shares issued under the ESPP during the six months ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. Shares available for future purchase under the ESPP totaled 406 at December 31, 2011.

STOCK OPTION AND AWARD ACTIVITY

The following table summarizes activity of the Company’s stock option plans since June 30, 2010:

 

     Options Outstanding  
     Number of
Shares
    Weighted Average
Exercise Price
     Weighted Average
Remaining
Contractual Term
(Years)
 

Outstanding at June 30, 2010

     2,612      $ 13.70         4.69   

Granted

     77        13.70      

Exercised

     (315     8.25      

Cancelled

     (81     16.41      
  

 

 

      

Outstanding at June 30, 2011

     2,293      $ 14.35         3.88   

Granted

     —          —        

Exercised

     (20     6.83      

Cancelled

     (24     27.37      
  

 

 

      

Outstanding December 31, 2011

     2,249      $ 14.28         3.40   
  

 

 

      

 

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The following table summarizes the status of the Company’s non-vested restricted stock awards since June 30, 2010:

 

     Non-vested Restricted Stock Awards  
     Number of
Shares
    Weighted Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
 

Outstanding at June 30, 2010

     828      $ 9.44   

Granted

     738        12.47   

Vested

     (279     9.42   

Forfeited

     (100     10.57   
  

 

 

   

Outstanding at June 30, 2011

     1,187      $ 11.23   

Granted

     428        14.49   

Vested

     (322     11.44   

Forfeited

     (33     13.60   
  

 

 

   

Outstanding at December 31, 2011

     1,260      $ 12.22   
  

 

 

   

STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION EXPENSE

The Company recognized the expense for its share-based payment plans in the consolidated statements of operations for the three and six months ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 in accordance with FASB ASC 718, Compensation—Stock Compensation (“FASB ASC 718”), and did not capitalize any such costs on the consolidated balance sheets, as costs that qualified for capitalization were not material. Under the fair value recognition provisions of FASB ASC 718, stock-based compensation cost is measured at the grant date based on the value of the award and is recognized as expense over the service period. The following table presents stock-based compensation expenses included in the Company’s consolidated statement of operations:

 

     Three Months Ended
December 31,
    Six Months Ended
December 31,
 
         2011             2010             2011             2010      

Cost of revenues

   $ 70      $ 64      $ 158      $ 107   

Selling, general and administrative

     1,573        1,414        3,248        2,554   

Research and development

     169        155        446        262   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Share-based compensation expense

     1,812        1,633        3,852        2,923   

Income taxes

     (664     (582     (1,383     (1,030
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Share-based compensation expense, net of income taxes

   $ 1,148      $ 1,051      $ 2,469      $ 1,893   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

J. Operating Segment, Geographic Information and Significant Customers

Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise evaluated regularly by the Company’s senior management in deciding how to allocate resources and assess performance. The Company is organized in two operating segments. These reportable segments were determined based upon the nature of the products offered to customers, the market characteristics of each operating segment and the Company’s management structure:

 

   

Advanced Computing Solutions: this operating segment is focused on specialized, high-performance embedded, real-time digital image and complete signal processing solutions that encompass signal acquisition including microwave front-end, digitalization, computing, storage and communications, targeted to key market segments, including defense, communications and other commercial

  applications. With the addition of KOR, the ACS segment also designs and develops DRFM units for a variety of modern EW applications, as well as radar environment simulation and test systems for defense applications.

 

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Mercury Federal Systems: this services-oriented operating segment supports work for the Department of Defense as well as intelligence and homeland security agencies, including the design, development, and implementation of new ISR capabilities to address present and emerging threats to U.S. forces. With the addition of PDI, our MFS segment also provides sophisticated analytic exploitation, multi-sensor fusion, and data processing services for the U.S. intelligence community.

No revenues or expenses from KOR or PDI are included in either the ACS or MFS operating segments for any of the periods presented below.

The accounting policies of the reportable segments are the same as those described in “Note B: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies.” The profitability measure employed by the Company and its chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) for making decisions about allocating resources to segments and assessing segment performance was income (loss) from operations prior to stock compensation expense. As such, stock-based compensation expense has been excluded from each operating segments’ income (loss) from operations below and reported separately to reconcile the reported segment income (loss) from operations to the consolidated operating income reported in the consolidated statements of operations. Additionally, asset information by reportable segment is not reported because the Company and its CODM utilize consolidated asset information when making business decisions. The following is a summary of the performance of the Company’s operations by reportable segment:

 

     ACS      MFS     Stock
Compensation
Expense
    Eliminations     Total  

THREE MONTHS ENDED
DECEMBER 31, 2011

           

Net revenues to unaffiliated customers

   $ 64,062       $ 5,191      $ —        $ (1,294   $ 67,959   

Intersegment revenues

     1,996         —          —          (1,996     —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net revenues

   $ 66,058       $ 5,191      $ —        $ (3,290   $ 67,959   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) from operations

   $ 14,572       $ 1,050      $ (1,812   $ (325   $ 13,485   

Depreciation and amortization expense

   $ 2,582       $ 15      $ —        $ —        $ 2,597   

THREE MONTHS ENDED
DECEMBER 31, 2010

           

Net revenues to unaffiliated customers

   $ 51,893       $ 3,565      $ —        $ 55      $ 55,513   

Intersegment revenues

     1,363         —          —          (1,363     —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net revenues

   $ 53,256       $ 3,565      $ —        $ (1,308   $ 55,513   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) from operations

   $ 7,595       $ 66      $ (1,633   $ 490      $ 6,518   

Depreciation and amortization expense

   $ 1,860       $ 9      $ —        $ —        $ 1,869   

SIX MONTHS ENDED
DECEMBER 31, 2011

           

Net revenues to unaffiliated customers

   $ 109,458       $ 9,363      $ —        $ (1,740   $ 117,081   

Intersegment revenues

     3,929         —          —          (3,929     —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net revenues

   $ 113,387       $ 9,363      $ —        $ (5,669   $ 117,081   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) from operations

   $ 19,618       $ 1,543      $ (3,852   $ (259   $ 17,050   

Depreciation and amortization expense

   $ 5,238       $ 30      $ —        $ —        $ 5,268   

SIX MONTHS ENDED
DECEMBER 31, 2010

           

Net revenues to unaffiliated customers

   $ 102,369       $ 5,419      $ —        $ (167   $ 107,621   

Intersegment revenues

     2,771         —          —          (2,771     —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net revenues

   $ 105,140       $ 5,419      $ —        $ (2,938   $ 107,621   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) from operations

   $ 15,460       $ (431   $ (2,923   $ (343   $ 11,763   

Depreciation and amortization expense

   $ 3,598       $ 18      $ —        $ —        $ 3,616   

 

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Table of Contents

The geographic distribution of the Company’s revenues from continuing operations is summarized as follows:

 

     U.S.      Europe      Asia Pacific      Eliminations     Total  

THREE MONTHS ENDED
DECEMBER 31, 2011

             

Net revenues to unaffiliated customers

   $ 66,458       $ 349       $ 1,152       $ —        $ 67,959   

Inter-geographic revenues

     762         178         11         (951     —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net revenues

   $ 67,220       $ 527       $ 1,163       $ (951   $ 67,959   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

THREE MONTHS ENDED
DECEMBER 31, 2010

             

Net revenues to unaffiliated customers

   $ 50,642       $ 1,308       $ 3,563       $ —        $ 55,513   

Inter-geographic revenues

     2,420         518         27         (2,965     —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net revenues

   $ 53,062       $ 1,826       $ 3,590       $ (2,965   $ 55,513   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

SIX MONTHS ENDED
DECEMBER 31, 2011

             

Net revenues to unaffiliated customers

   $ 113,335       $ 1,141       $ 2,605       $ —        $ 117,081   

Inter-geographic revenues

     2,944         435         31         (3,410     —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net revenues

   $ 116,279       $ 1,576       $ 2,636       $ (3,410   $ 117,081   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

SIX MONTHS ENDED
DECEMBER 31, 2010

             

Net revenues to unaffiliated customers

   $ 101,305       $ 2,362       $ 3,954       $ —        $ 107,621   

Inter-geographic revenues

     3,876         1,162         120         (5,158     —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net revenues

   $ 105,181       $ 3,524       $ 4,074       $ (5,158   $ 107,621   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Foreign revenue is based on the country in which the Company’s legal subsidiary is domiciled.

The geographic distribution of the Company’s long-lived assets from continuing operations is summarized as follows:

 

     U.S.      Europe      Asia Pacific      Eliminations      Total  

December 31, 2011

   $ 14,419       $ 29       $ 4       $ —         $ 14,452   

June 30, 2011

   $ 15,390       $ 24       $ 704       $ —         $ 16,118   

Identifiable long-lived assets exclude goodwill and intangible assets.

Customers comprising 10% or more of the Company’s revenues for the periods shown below are as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended
December 31,
    Six Months Ended
December 31,
 
     2011     2010     2011     2010  

Raytheon Company

     30     23     27     20

Northrop Grumman Corporation

     27     14     23     18

Lockheed Martin Corporation

     17     15     14     14
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     74     52     64     52
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Although the Company typically has several customers from which it derives 10% or more of its revenue, the sales to each of these customers are spread across multiple programs and platforms. Programs comprising 10% or more of the Company’s revenue for the periods shown below are as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended
December 31,
    Six Months Ended
December 31,
 
     2011     2010     2011     2010  

Joint Strike Fighter

     21     *     19     *

Classified Airborne Radar Program

     19     *     11     *

Aegis

     13     12     11     12
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     53     12     41     12
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

* Indicates that the amount is less than 10% of the Company’s revenues for the respective period.

K. Income Taxes

The Company recorded tax expense of $4,828 and $1,696 for the three months ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively, on income from continuing operations before taxes of $13,873 and $6,879 for the three months ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The Company recorded tax expense of $6,142 and $3,773 for the six months ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively, on income from continuing operations before taxes of $17,840 and $12,638 for the six months ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The effective tax rate for the six months ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 was 34% and 30%, respectively. The difference in the rates is primarily due to a full-year benefit of federal research and development tax credit in fiscal 2011compared to only a six-month benefit in fiscal 2012. The effective tax rate for six months ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 differed from the federal statutory rate primarily due to the impact of research and development tax credits and the impact of a Section 199 Manufacturing Deduction.

No material changes in the Company’s unrecognized tax positions occurred during the three and six months ended December 31, 2011. The Company does not expect there to be any material changes in its reserves for unrecognized tax benefits within the next 12 months.

L. Subsequent Events

The Company has evaluated subsequent events from the date of the consolidated balance sheet through the date the consolidated financial statements were issued.

 

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

From time to time, information provided, statements made by our employees or information included in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission may contain statements that are not historical facts but that are “forward-looking statements,” which involve risks and uncertainties. The words “may,” “will,” “would,” “should,” “could,” “plan,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “continue,” “estimate,” “project,” “intend,” “likely,” “probable,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements regarding events, conditions and financials trends that may affect our future plans of operations, business strategy, results of operations and financial position. These forward-looking statements, which include those related to our strategic plans, business outlook, and future business and financial performance, involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected or anticipated. Such risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, general economic and business conditions, including unforeseen economic weakness in our markets, effects of continued geo-political unrest and regional conflicts, competition, changes in technology and methods of marketing, delays in completing various engineering and manufacturing programs, changes in customer order patterns, changes in product mix, continued success in technological advances and delivering technological innovations, continued funding of defense programs and the timing of such funding, changes in the U.S. Government’s interpretation of federal procurement rules and regulations, market acceptance of our products, shortages in components, production delays due to performance quality issues with outsourced components, inability to fully realize the expected benefits from acquisitions or divestitures or delays in realizing such benefits, challenges in integrating acquired businesses and achieving anticipated synergies, changes to export regulations, increases in tax rates, changes to generally accepted accounting principles, difficulties in retaining key employees and customers, unanticipated costs under fixed-price service and system integration engagements, and various other factors beyond our control. These risks and uncertainties also include such additional risk factors as set forth under Part I-Item 1A (Risk Factors) in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011. We caution readers not to place undue reliance upon any such forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date made. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which such statement is made.

OVERVIEW

We design, manufacture and market commercially-developed, high-performance embedded, real-time digital signal and complete image processing sub-systems and software for specialized defense and commercial computing markets. Our solutions play a critical role in a wide range of applications, transforming sensor data to information for analysis and interpretation. In military reconnaissance and surveillance platforms, our sub-systems process real-time radar, video, sonar and signals intelligence, or SIGINT, data. We provide microwave products and design services for Electronic Warfare (“EW”) systems and enhanced communications capabilities in military and commercial applications. Additionally, we entered the defense contracting market space in fiscal 2008 through the creation of our wholly-owned subsidiary, Mercury Federal Systems, Inc., to focus on contracts supporting the defense, intelligence, and homeland security markets.

Our products and solutions address mission-critical requirements within the defense industry for C4ISR (command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance) and electronic warfare, or EW, systems and services, and target several markets including maritime defense, airborne reconnaissance, ballistic missile defense, ground mobile and force protection systems and tactical communications and network systems. Our products or solutions have been deployed in approximately 300 different programs with over 25 different prime defense contractors.

As of December 31, 2011, we had 734 employees and, for the three and six months ended December 31, 2011, we had revenues of $68.0 million and $117.1 million and income from continuing operations of $9.0 million and $11.7 million, respectively.

 

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Advanced Computing Solutions, or ACS. This business segment is focused on specialized, high-performance embedded, real-time digital signal and complete image processing solutions that encompass signal acquisition including microwave front-end, digitalization, computing, storage and communications, targeted to key market segments, including defense, communications and other commercial application. ACS’s open system architecture solutions span the full range of embedded technologies from board level products to fully integrated sub-systems. Our products utilize leading-edge processor technologies architected to address highly data-intensive applications that include signal, sensor and image processing within environmentally constrained military and commercial applications. In addition, ACS has a portfolio of microwave sub-assemblies to address needs in EW, SIGINT, electronic intelligence, or ELINT, and high bandwidth communications subsystems.

These products are highly optimized for size, weight and power, as well as for the performance and ruggedization requirements of our customers. Customized design and sub-systems integration services extend our capabilities to tailor solutions to meet the specialized requirements of our customers.

With the addition of KOR, we added a focus on the exploitation of the RF signals domain. Leveraging our analog-to-digital and digital-to-analog technologies and expertise, KOR delivers innovative high end solutions and services to the defense communities:

 

   

DRFM products which offer state of the art performance at low cost. Exploiting the RF Domain in a multitude of applications

 

   

Radar and EW Environment Simulator (RES) products that are DRFM based and use modular and scalable building blocks including Commercial-Off-The-Shelf hardware

For the six months ended December 31, 2011, ACS accounted for 93% of our total net revenues.

Mercury Federal Systems, or MFS. This business segment is focused on services and support work with the Department of Defense, or the DoD, and federal intelligence and homeland security agencies, including designing, engineering, and deploying new intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance, or ISR, capabilities to address present and emerging threats to U.S. forces. With the addition of PDI, our MFS segment also provides sophisticated analytic exploitation, multi-sensor fusion, and data processing services for the U.S. intelligence community. MFS is part of our long-term strategy to expand our software and services presence and pursue growth in platform-ready ISR sub-systems, particularly those with classified intellectual property. MFS offers a wide range of engineering architecture and design services that enable clients to deploy leading edge computing capabilities for ISR systems on an accelerated time cycle. This business segment enables us to combine classified intellectual property with the commercially developed application-ready sub-systems being developed by ACS, providing customers with platform-ready, affordable ISR sub-systems. For the six months ended December 31, 2011, MFS accounted for 7% of our total net revenues.

Since we are an OEM supplier to our commercial markets and conduct business with our defense customers via commercial items, requests by customers are a primary driver of revenue fluctuations from quarter to quarter. Customers specify delivery date requirements that coincide with their need for our products. Because these customers may use our products in connection with a variety of defense programs or other projects of different sizes and durations, a customer’s orders for one quarter generally do not indicate a trend for future orders by that customer. Additionally, order patterns do not necessarily correlate amongst customers and, therefore, we generally cannot identify sequential quarterly trends, even within our business segments. As an industry, we are dealing with long-term uncertainties in the defense budget.

KOR and PDI ACQUISITION

On December 30, 2011, the Company acquired both KOR Electronics (“KOR”) and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Paragon Dynamics, Inc. (“PDI”). Based in Cypress, California, KOR designs and develops DRFM units for a variety of modern EW applications, as well as radar environment simulation and test systems for defense applications. Based in Aurora, Colorado, PDI provides sophisticated analytic exploitation services and

 

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customized multi-intelligence data fusion solutions for the U.S. intelligence community. For segment reporting, KOR will be included in the Advanced Computing Solutions (“ACS”) operating segment and PDI will be included in the Mercury Federal Systems (“MFS”) operating segment. There are no revenues or expenses included in our results of operations for the three or six months ended December 31, 2011 relating to KOR or PDI operations.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS:

Three months ended December 31, 2011 compared to the three months ended December 31, 2010

The following tables set forth, for the three month periods indicated, financial data from the consolidated statements of operations:

 

(In thousands)

   December 31,
2011
     As a % of
Total Net
Revenue
    December 31,
2010
     As a % of
Total Net
Revenue
 

Net revenues

   $ 67,959         100.0   $ 55,513         100.0

Cost of revenues

     27,046         39.8        23,873         43.0   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Gross margin

     40,913         60.2        31,640         57.0   

Operating expenses:

          

Selling, general and administrative

     14,419         21.2        14,019         25.2   

Research and development

     11,724         17.3        10,479         18.9   

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

     692         1.0        317         0.6   

Acquisition costs and other related expenses

     593         0.9        307         0.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

     27,428         40.4        25,122         45.3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income from operations

     13,485         19.8        6,518         11.7   

Other income, net

     388         0.6        361         0.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations before income taxes

     13,873         20.4        6,879         12.4   

Income taxes

     4,828         7.1        1,696         3.1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income

   $ 9,045         13.3   $ 5,183         9.3
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

REVENUES

 

(In thousands)

   December 31,
2011
    December 31,
2010
     $ Change     % Change  

ACS

   $ 64,062      $ 51,893       $ 12,169        23

MFS

     5,191        3,565         1,626        46

Eliminations

     (1,294     55         (1,349     -2453
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total revenues

   $ 67,959      $ 55,513       $ 12,446        22
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total revenues increased $12.5 million, or 22%, to $68.0 million during the three months ended December 31, 2011 as compared to the comparable period in fiscal 2011.

Net ACS revenues increased $12.2 million, or 23%, to $64.1 million during the three months ended December 31, 2011 as compared to the same period in fiscal 2011. The increase is largely driven by higher defense sales of $19.8 million which were partially offset by a decrease in commercial sales of $7.6 million. Approximately 94% of the net ACS revenues during the three months ended December 31, 2011 related to defense customers, as compared to approximately 78% in the same period in fiscal 2011.

 

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Net MFS revenues increased $1.6 million, or 46%, to $5.2 million during the three months ended December 31, 2011 as compared to the same period in fiscal 2011. This increase was primarily driven by higher revenues from a wide area persistent surveillance contract.

International revenues represented approximately 2% and 9% of total revenues during the three months ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The decrease in international revenues during the three months ended December 31, 2011 was primarily driven by a $2.2 million decrease to a commercial customer in the Asia Pacific region and a $0.7 million decrease to a defense customer in the Europe region.

Eliminations revenue is attributable to development programs where the revenue is recognized in both segments under contract accounting, and reflects the reconciliation to our consolidated results.

GROSS MARGIN

Gross margin was 60.2% for the three months ended December 31, 2011, an increase of 320 basis points from the 57.0% gross margin achieved during the same period in fiscal 2011. The improvement in gross margin was primarily due to a favorable shift in business mix from lower margin commercial sales to higher margin defense sales. Also, within defense, we had favorable program mix and less services derived revenues in ACS that typically carry lower gross margin. This improvement was partially offset by increase in manufacturing costs and higher warranty and inventory provisions.

SELLING, GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE

Selling, general and administrative expenses increased $0.4 million, or 3%, to $14.4 million during the three months ended December 31, 2011 compared to $14.0 million during the same period in fiscal 2011. The increase was primarily due to a $0.3 million increase in distributor costs, a $0.2 million increase in equipment and supplies and a $0.3 million increase in depreciation and maintenance expenses. These increases were partially offset by a $0.3 million decrease in IT support expense and a $0.1 million decrease in recruiting expense. However, selling, general and administrative expenses decreased as a percentage of revenues to 21.2% during the three months ended December 31, 2011 from 25.2% during the same period in fiscal 2011 due to higher revenues and slower expense growth.

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

Research and development expenses increased $1.2 million, or 12%, to $11.7 million during the three months ended December 31, 2011 compared to $10.5 million during the same period in fiscal 2011. The increase was primarily the result of a $1.1 million increase in employee compensation expense, a $0.3 million increase in maintenance and depreciation expenses, and a $0.2 million increase in IT support expense. These increases were mainly driven by an increase in personnel and related expenses as a result of the LNX acquisition in January 2011. These increases were offset by higher design and development costs allocated to cost of sales for long-term production contracts. Research and development continues to be a focus of our business with approximately 17.3% of our revenues dedicated to research and development activities during the three months ended December 31, 2011 and approximately 18.9% of our revenues dedicated to such activities during the same period in fiscal 2011.

AMORTIZATION OF ACQUIRED INTANGIBLE ASSETS

Amortization of acquired intangible assets increased by $0.4 million to $0.7 million during the three months ended December 31, 2011 compared to $0.3 million during the same period in fiscal 2011, primarily due to amortization of intangible assets from the LNX acquisition completed in January 2011.

 

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ACQUISITION COSTS AND OTHER RELATED EXPENSES

We incurred $0.6 million and $0.3 million of acquisition costs and other related expenses during the three months ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The acquisition costs and other related expenses consist of transaction costs incurred in connection with the KOR and LNX acquisitions.

INTEREST INCOME

Interest income for the three months ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 were minimal due to the near zero percent yield on our U.S. treasury bills and money market accounts.

INTEREST EXPENSE

We incurred a minimal amount of interest expense for the three months ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, which primarily consisted of finance charges related to capital lease obligations.

OTHER INCOME

Other income remained consistent year over year at $0.4 million for the three months ended December 31, 2011 and 2010. Other income primarily consists of $0.3 million in amortization of the gain on the sale leaseback of our corporate headquarters located in Chelmsford, Massachusetts and foreign currency translation exchange gains.

INCOME TAXES

We recorded a provision for income taxes of $4.8 million during the three months ended December 31, 2011 as compared to $1.7 million during the same period in fiscal 2011 due to higher income from continuing operations before income taxes. The effective tax rate for the three months ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 was 35% and 25%, respectively. The difference in the rates is primarily due to a full-year benefit of federal research and development tax credit in fiscal 2011 compared to only a six-month benefit in fiscal 2012. Our effective tax rate for the three months ended December 31, 2010 differed from the federal statutory tax rate of 35% primarily due to the impact of research and development tax credits and the impact of a Section 199 Manufacturing Deduction.

SEGMENT OPERATING RESULTS

Operating profit for ACS increased $7.0 million during the three months ended December 31, 2011 to $14.6 million as compared to $7.6 million for the same period in fiscal 2011. The increase in operating profit was primarily driven by increased revenues of $12.2 million, which drove an improvement in gross margin. Operating expense declined as a percent of revenue as we continued to improve our operating leverage.

Operating profit for MFS increased $1.0 million during the three months ended December 31, 2011 to $1.1 million as compared to $0.1 million for the same period in fiscal 2011. The increase in operating profit was primarily due to a $1.6 million increase in revenues. Additionally, MFS generated a higher gross margin percentage of 26% during the three months ended December 31, 2011 compared to a 17% gross margin for the same period in fiscal 2011 driven by program funding on its persistent surveillance program.

See Note J to our consolidated financial statements included in this report for more information regarding our operating segments and geographic information.

 

24


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Six months ended December 31, 2011 compared to the six months ended December 31, 2010

The following tables set forth, for the six month periods indicated, financial data from the consolidated statements of operations:

 

(In thousands)

   December 31,
2011
     As a % of
Total Net
Revenue
    December 31,
2010
    As a % of
Total Net
Revenue
 

Net revenues

   $ 117,081         100.0   $ 107,621        100.0

Cost of revenues

     46,252         39.5        45,321        42.1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross margin

     70,829         60.5        62,300        57.9   

Operating expenses:

         

Selling, general and administrative

     28,064         24.0        28,216        26.2   

Research and development

     23,589         20.1        21,378        19.9   

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

     1,508         1.3        636        0.6   

Acquisition costs and other related expenses

     618         0.5        307        0.3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

     53,779         45.9        50,537        47.0   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from operations

     17,050         14.6        11,763        10.9   

Other income, net

     790         0.6        875        0.8   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations before income taxes

     17,840         15.2        12,638        11.7   

Income taxes

     6,142         5.2        3,773        3.5   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

     11,698         10.0        8,865        8.2   

Loss from discontinued operations, net of taxes

     —           —          (52     —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

   $ 11,698         10.0   $ 8,813        8.2
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

REVENUES

 

(In thousands)

   December 31,
2011
    December 31,
2010
    $ Change     % Change  

ACS

   $ 109,458      $ 102,369      $ 7,089        7

MFS

     9,363        5,419        3,944        73

Eliminations

     (1,740     (167     (1,573     -942
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total revenues

   $ 117,081      $ 107,621      $ 9,460        9
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total revenues increased $9.5 million, or 9%, to $117.1 million during the six months ended December 31, 2011 as compared to the same period in fiscal 2011.

Net ACS revenues increased $7.1 million, or 7%, to $109.5 million, during the six months ended December 31, 2011 as compared to the same period in fiscal 2011. This increase was driven by an increase in sales to defense customers of $25.0 million in the radar market. The increase was partially offset by a $17.9 million decrease in revenues from commercial customers, primarily relating to the semiconductor and commercial computing markets.

Net MFS revenues increased $3.9 million, or 73%, to $9.4 million, during the six months ended December 31, 2011 as compared to the same period in fiscal 2011. This increase was primarily driven by higher revenues from a wide area persistent surveillance contract.

 

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International revenues represented approximately 3% and 6% of total revenues during the six months ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The decrease in international revenues during the six months ended December 31, 2011 was primarily driven by the decrease in revenues from commercial customers in the Asia Pacific region and the decrease in revenues from a defense customer in the Europe region.

Eliminations revenue is attributable to development programs where the revenue is recognized in both segments under contract accounting, and reflects the reconciliation to our consolidated results.

GROSS MARGIN

Gross margin was 60.5% for the six months ended December 31, 2011, an increase of 260 basis points from the 57.9% gross margin achieved during the same period in fiscal 2011. The improvement in gross margin was primarily due to a favorable shift in business mix from lower margin commercial sales to higher margin defense sales. Also, within defense, we had favorable program mix and less services derived revenues in ACS that typically carry lower gross margin. This improvement was partially offset by increase in manufacturing costs and higher warranty and inventory provisions.

SELLING, GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE

Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased $0.1 million, or 1%, to $28.1 million during the six months ended December 31, 2011 compared to $28.2 million during the same period in fiscal 2011. The decrease was primarily due to a $0.4 million decrease in IT support expense, a $0.3 million decrease in employee compensation expense, and $0.3 million decrease in recruiting expense. These decreases were partially offset by a $0.6 million increase in depreciation and maintenance expenses and a $0.4 million increase in distributor costs. Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased as a percentage of revenues to 24.0% during the six months ended December 31, 2011 from 26.2% during the same period in fiscal 2011 due to higher revenues and operating leverage.

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

Research and development expenses increased $2.2 million, or 10%, to $23.6 million during the six months ended December 31, 2011 compared to $21.4 million during the same period in fiscal 2011. The increase was primarily driven by a $2.3 million increase in employee compensation expense, a $0.4 million increase in maintenance and depreciation expenses, and a $0.3 million increase in IT support expense. These increases were mainly driven by an increase in personnel and related expenses as a result of the LNX acquisition in January 2011. These increases were offset by a $0.5 million decrease in costs of prototype and development materials and a $0.4 million increase in design and development costs allocated to cost of sales for long-term production contracts. Research and development continues to be a focus of our business with approximately 20.1% of our revenues dedicated to research and development activities during the six months ended December 31, 2011 and approximately 19.9% of our revenues dedicated to such activities during the same period in fiscal 2011.

AMORTIZATION OF ACQUIRED INTANGIBLE ASSETS

Amortization of acquired intangible assets increased by $0.9 million to $1.5 million during the six months ended December 31, 2011 compared to $0.6 million during the same period in fiscal 2011, primarily due to amortization of intangible assets from the LNX acquisition completed in January 2011.

ACQUISITION COSTS AND OTHER RELATED EXPENSES

We incurred $0.6 million and $0.3 million of acquisition costs and other related expenses during the six months ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The acquisition costs and other related expenses primarily consist of transaction costs incurred in connection with the KOR and LNX acquisitions.

 

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INTEREST INCOME

Interest income for the six months ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 were minimal due to the near zero percent yield on our U.S. treasury bills and money market accounts.

INTEREST EXPENSE

We incurred a minimal amount of interest expense for the six months ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, which primarily consisted of finance charges related to capital lease obligations.

OTHER INCOME

Other income decreased $0.1 million, to $0.8 million during the six months ended December 31, 2011, as compared to the same period in fiscal 2011. Other income for the six months ended December 31, 2011 consists of $0.6 million in amortization of the gain on the sale leaseback of our corporate headquarters located in Chelmsford, Massachusetts and $0.2 million of foreign currency translation exchange gains. The $0.1 million decrease is primarily associated with a $0.2 million foreign currency translation exchange gain during the six months ended December, 2011 as compared to a $0.3 million foreign currency exchange gain for the same period in fiscal 2011.

INCOME TAXES

We recorded a provision for income taxes of $6.1 million during the six months ended December 31, 2011 as compared to $3.8 million during the same period in fiscal 2011 primarily due to higher income from continuing operations before income taxes of $5.2 million. The effective tax rate for the six months ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 was 34% and 30%, respectively. The difference in the rates is primarily due to a full-year benefit of federal research and development tax credit in fiscal 2011 compared to only a six-month benefit in fiscal 2012. Our effective tax rate for the six months ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 differed from the federal statutory tax rate of 35% primarily due to the impact of research and development tax credits and the impact of a Section 199 Manufacturing Deduction.

SEGMENT OPERATING RESULTS

Operating profit for ACS increased $4.1 million during the six months ended December 31, 2011 to $19.6 million as compared to $15.5 million for the same period in fiscal 2011. The increase in operating profit was primarily driven by increased revenues of $7.1 million, which drove an improvement in gross margin. Operating expenses declined as a percentage of revenues due to improved operating leverage.

Results from operations of the MFS segment increased $1.9 million during the six months ended December 31, 2011 to an operating profit of $1.5 million as compared to an operating loss of $0.4 million for the same period in fiscal 2011. The increase in operating profit was primarily due to a $3.9 million increase in revenues. Additionally MFS generated a higher gross margin percentage of 23% during the six months ended December 31, 2011 compared to a 14% gross margin for the same period in fiscal 2011 driven by program funding on its persistent surveillance program.

See Note J to our consolidated financial statements included in this report for more information regarding our operating segments and geographic information.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

In our periodic communications, we discuss two important measures that are not calculated according to U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), adjusted EBITDA and free cash flow. Adjusted EBITDA is defined as earnings from continuing operations before interest income and expense, income taxes,

 

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depreciation, amortization of acquired intangible assets, restructuring, impairment of long-lived assets, acquisition costs and other related expenses, fair value adjustments from purchase accounting and stock-based compensation costs. We use adjusted EBITDA as an important indicator of the operating performance of our business. We use adjusted EBITDA in internal forecasts and models when establishing internal operating budgets, supplementing the financial results and forecasts reported to our board of directors, determining a component of bonus compensation for executive officers and other key employees based on operating performance and evaluating short-term and long-term operating trends in our operations. We believe the adjusted EBITDA financial measure assists in providing a more complete understanding of our underlying operational measures to manage our business, to evaluate our performance compared to prior periods and the marketplace, and to establish operational goals. We believe that these non-GAAP financial adjustments are useful to investors because they allow investors to evaluate the effectiveness of the methodology and information used by management in our financial and operational decision-making.

Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for financial information provided in accordance with GAAP. This non-GAAP financial measure may not be computed in the same manner as similarly titled measures used by other companies. We expect to continue to incur expenses similar to the adjusted EBITDA financial adjustments described above, and investors should not infer from our presentation of this non-GAAP financial measure that these costs are unusual, infrequent or non-recurring.

The following table reconciles our income from continuing operations, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure to our adjusted EBITDA:

 

     Three Months Ended
December 31,
     Six Months Ended
December 31,
 

(In thousands)

   2011     2010      2011     2010  

Income from continuing operations

   $ 9,045      $ 5,183       $ 11,698      $ 8,865   

Interest expense, net

     6        43         9        45   

Income taxes

     4,828        1,696         6,142        3,773   

Depreciation

     1,905        1,552         3,760        2,980   

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

     692        317         1,508        636   

Acquisition costs and other related expenses

     593        307         618        307   

Fair value adjustments from purchase accounting

     (44     —           (22     —     

Stock-based compensation cost

     1,812        1,633         3,852        2,923   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA

   $ 18,837      $ 10,731       $ 27,565      $ 19,529   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Free cash flow, a non-GAAP measure for reporting cash flow, is defined as cash provided by operating activities less capital expenditures. We believe free cash flow provides investors with an important perspective on cash available for investments and acquisitions after making capital investments required to support ongoing business operations and long-term value creation. We believe that trends in our free cash flow are valuable indicators of our operating performance and liquidity.

Free cash flow is a non-GAAP financial measure and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for financial information provided in accordance with GAAP. This non-GAAP financial measure may not be computed in the same manner as similarly titled measures used by other companies. We expect to continue to incur expenditures similar to the free cash flow adjustment described above, and investors should not infer from our presentation of this non-GAAP financial measure that these expenditures reflect all of our obligations which require cash.

 

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The following table reconciles cash provided by operating activities, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure to free cash flow:

 

     Three Months Ended
December 31,
    Six Months Ended
December 31,
 

(In thousands)

   2011     2010     2011     2010  

Cash provided by operating activities

   $ 11,028      $ 8,103      $ 15,244      $ 17,453   

Capital expenditures

     (1,925     (2,003     (3,571     (3,598
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Free cash flow

   $ 9,103      $ 6,100      $ 11,673      $ 13,855   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Our primary source of liquidity came from existing cash and cash generated from operations. Our near-term fixed commitments for cash expenditures consist primarily of payments under operating leases, a supply agreement and inventory purchase commitments with our contract manufacturers. We do not currently have any material commitments for capital expenditures.

Based on our current plans and business conditions, we believe that existing cash, cash equivalents, available line of credit with Silicon Valley Bank, and cash generated from operations will be sufficient to satisfy our anticipated cash requirements for at least the next twelve months. However, additional cash may be required for certain future acquisitions. To the extent existing resources and cash from operations are insufficient to support our acquisition activities; we may need to raise additional funds through equity or debt financing.

Senior Secured Credit Facility

We have a loan and security agreement (the “Loan Agreement”) with Silicon Valley Bank that provides a $35 million revolving line of credit (the “Revolver”), with interest payable monthly and the principal due at the February 11, 2014 maturity of the Revolver. The Loan Agreement provides for conventional affirmative and negative covenants, including a minimum quick ratio of 1.0 and a $15 million minimum trailing four quarter cash flow covenant through and including June 30, 2012 (with $17.5 million of minimum cash flow required thereafter). The minimum cash flow covenant is calculated as our trailing-four quarter adjusted EBITDA as defined in the Loan Agreement. In addition, the Loan Agreement contains certain customary representations and warranties and limits our and our subsidiaries’ ability to incur liens, dispose of assets, carry out certain mergers and acquisitions, make investments and capital expenditures and defines events of default and limitations on the ability of us and our subsidiaries to incur additional debt. The interest rates include various rate options that are available to us. The rates are calculated using a combination of conventional base rate measures plus a margin over those rates. The base rates consist of LIBOR rates and prime rates. The actual rates will depend on the level of these underlying rates plus a margin based on our leverage at the time of borrowing. Borrowings are secured by a first-priority security interest in all of our domestic assets, including intellectual property, but limited to 65% of the voting stock of foreign subsidiaries. Our MFS, LNX, KOR and PDI subsidiaries are guarantors and have granted a security interest in their assets in favor of Silicon Valley Bank. We have had no borrowings under the Loan Agreement since inception and were in compliance with all covenants as of December 31, 2011.

Shelf Registration Statement

On August 2, 2011, we filed a shelf registration statement on Form S-3 with the SEC. The shelf registration statement, which has been declared effective by the SEC, registered up to $500 million of debt securities, preferred stock, common stock, warrants and units. We intend to use the proceeds from a financing using the shelf registration statement for general corporate purposes, which may include the following:

 

   

the acquisition of other companies or businesses;

 

   

the repayment and refinancing of debt;

 

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capital expenditures;

 

   

working capital; and

 

   

other purposes as described in the prospectus supplement.

CASH FLOWS

 

     As of and for the
period ended
December 31,
 

(In thousands)

   2011     2010  

Net cash provided by operating activities

   $ 15,244      $ 17,453   

Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities

   $ (74,242   $ 12,252   

Net cash provided by financing activities

   $ 1,065      $ 2,466   

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

   $ (57,920   $ 32,196   

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 104,955      $ 88,437   

Our cash and cash equivalents decreased by $57.9 million from June 30, 2011 to December 31, 2011, primarily as a result of the $70.4 million payment, net of cash acquired, for the KOR acquisition, $3.6 million in capital expenditures, and a $0.4 million payment for other financing and investing activities, partially offset by $15.2 million generated by operating activities and $1.2 million generated from stock related activities.

Operating Activities

During the six months ended December 31, 2011, we generated $15.2 million in cash from operations compared to $17.5 million generated from operating activities during the same period in fiscal 2011. The $2.2 million decrease in cash generated from operations was largely driven by a $10.0 million decrease in cash received from accounts receivable, a $1.5 million decrease in deferred income tax provision, a $1.2 million increase in cash used for inventory, and a $1.1 million increase in cash used for prepaid income taxes. These uses of cash were offset by $2.9 million in higher net income, a $3.6 million increase in cash generated by deferred revenue and customer advances, a $1.7 million increase in depreciation and amortization expenses, a $1.4 million decrease in cash used for other non-current assets, and a $1.4 million decrease in cash used for income tax payable. Our ability to generate cash from operations in future periods will depend in large part on profitability, the rate of collection of accounts receivable, our inventory turns and our ability to manage other areas of working capital.

Investing Activities

During the six months ended December 31, 2011, we used cash of $74.2 million in investing activities compared to $12.3 million generated by investing activities during the same period in fiscal 2011. The $86.5 million decrease in cash generated from investing activities was primarily driven by a $70.4 million payment, net of cash acquired, for the KOR acquisition, and a $0.3 million increase in restricted cash. The decrease is also a result of exercising the put option to sell our auction rate securities balance to UBS at par. The transaction was settled on July 1, 2010 when we received $18.0 million in cash. These decreases were partially offset by a $2.2 million payment for intangible assets made during six months ended December 31, 2010. Capital expenditures remained consistent year over year for the six month ended December 31, 2011 and 2010.

Financing Activities

During the six months ended December 31, 2011, we generated $1.1 million in cash from financing activities compared to $2.5 million generated from financing activities during the same period in fiscal 2011. The $1.4 million decrease in cash generated from financing activities was primarily due to a $0.8 million decrease in proceeds from employee stock plans and a $0.6 million decrease in excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation.

 

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COMMITMENTS AND CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS

The following is a schedule of our commitments and contractual obligations outstanding at December 31, 2011:

 

(In thousands)

   Total      Less Than
1 Year
     2-3
Years
     4-5
Years
     More Than
5 Years
 

Purchase obligations

   $ 16,438       $ 16,438       $ —         $ —         $ —     

Operating leases

     16,275         3,904         6,432         5,080         859   

Supply agreement

     1,578         1,578         —           —           —     

Capital lease obligations

     121         121         —           —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 34,412       $ 22,041       $ 6,432       $ 5,080       $ 859   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

We have a liability at December 31, 2011 of $1.8 million for uncertain tax positions that have been taken or are expected to be taken in various income tax returns. We do not know the ultimate resolution of these uncertain tax positions and as such, do not know the ultimate timing of payments related to this liability. Accordingly, these amounts are not included in the above table.

Purchase obligations represent open non-cancelable purchase commitments for certain inventory components and services used in normal operations. The purchase commitments covered by these agreements are for less than one year and aggregated approximately $16.4 million at December 31, 2011.

In September 2006, we entered into a supply agreement with a third-party vendor to purchase certain inventory parts that went “end of life.” This supply agreement, as subsequently amended, commits the vendor to acquiring and storing approximately $6.5 million of inventory until August 31, 2012 and allows us to place orders for the inventory four times a year. Under the terms of this supply agreement, we were required to and paid an advance of approximately $1.9 million of the $6.5 million. Further, upon expiration of the agreement on August 31, 2012, if we do not purchase the full $6.5 million in inventory, we may be required to pay a penalty equal to 35% of the remaining inventory balance. As of December 31, 2011, the remaining minimum commitment related to this agreement was $1.6 million, which is the 35% “penalty” on the remaining inventory balance. While we expect to continue to purchase this inventory through the expiration of the agreement, we do not expect to purchase the full $6.5 million noted above. As of December 31, 2011, we have recorded an accrued liability of approximately $0.6 million for the 35% penalty we anticipate paying for unpurchased inventory.

Our standard product sales and license agreements entered into in the ordinary course of business typically contain an indemnification provision pursuant to which we indemnify, hold harmless, and agree to reimburse the indemnified party for losses suffered or incurred by the indemnified party in connection with certain intellectual property infringement claims by any third party with respect to our products. Such provisions generally survive termination or expiration of the agreements. The potential amount of future payments we could be required to make under these indemnification provisions is, in some instances, unlimited.

OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS

We provided indemnification to the buyers of our former businesses. Our indemnification obligations generally cover the buyers for damages resulting from breaches of representations, warranties and covenants contained in the applicable purchase and sale agreement and generally cover pre-closing tax liabilities of the divested businesses. Our indemnification obligations regarding the divested businesses are generally subject to caps on our obligations.

Other than the indemnification relating to the divestitures of our former businesses which have finite terms, our lease commitments incurred in the normal course of business and certain other indemnification provisions, we do not have any off- balance sheet financing arrangements or liabilities, guarantee contracts, retained or contingent interests in transferred assets, or any obligation arising out of a material variable interest in an

 

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unconsolidated entity. We do not have any majority-owned subsidiaries that are not consolidated in the financial statements. Additionally, we do not have an interest in, or relationships with, any special purpose entities.

RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

In September 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-08, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Testing Goodwill for Impairment, an amendment of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification. The ASU permits an entity to make a qualitative assessment of whether it is more likely than not that a reporting unit’s fair value is less than its carrying amount before applying the two-step goodwill impairment test. If an entity concludes it is not more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, it does not need to perform the two-step impairment test. The ASU is effective for annual and interim goodwill impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011. This guidance is not expected to have a material impact to our consolidated financial statements.

In December 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-11, Disclosures about Offsetting Assets and Liabilities, in conjunction with the International Accounting Standards Board (“IASB”)’s issuance of amendments to Disclosures—Offsetting Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities (Amendments to IFRS 7). While the Boards retained the existing offsetting models under U.S. GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”), the new standards require disclosures to allow investors to better compare financial statements prepared under U.S. GAAP with financial statements prepared under IFRS. The new standards are effective for annual periods beginning January 1, 2013, and interim periods within those annual periods. Retrospective application is required. This guidance is not expected to have a material impact to our consolidated financial statements.

In December 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-12, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Deferral of the Effective Date for Amendments to the Presentation of Reclassifications of Items Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income in Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-05. The ASU defers the new requirement to present components of reclassifications of other comprehensive income on the face of the income statement. Companies are still required to adopt the other requirements contained in the new standard on comprehensive income, ASU No. 2011-05, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Presentation of Comprehensive Income (“ASU No. 2011-05”). The new standard and this deferral are effective for public entities as of the beginning of a fiscal year that begins after December 15, 2011 and interim and annual periods thereafter. Early adoption is permitted but full retrospective application is required. Effective July 1, 2010, the Company adopted FASB ASU 2011-05 and has presented the components of net income and comprehensive income in one consecutive financial statement on our 2011 Annual Report and interim quarterly reports on Form 10-Q. This guidance is not expected to have a material impact to our consolidated financial statements.

 

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ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

There have been no material changes in our exposure to market risk from June 30, 2011 to December 31, 2011 as we disclosed in Item 7A of our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on August 18, 2011 with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

(a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

We conducted an evaluation under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer (our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, respectively), regarding the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)), as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of December 31, 2011. We continue to review our disclosure controls and procedures and may from time to time make changes aimed at enhancing their effectiveness and to ensure that our systems evolve with our Company’s business. A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met.

(b) Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that occurred during the quarter ended December 31, 2011 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

The U.S. Department of Justice (“DOJ”) is conducting an investigation into the conduct of certain former employees of PDI in the 2008-2009 time frame and has asserted that such conduct may have constituted a violation of the Procurement Integrity Act and that civil penalties would apply to any such violations. PDI and its parent company, KOR, have been cooperating in the investigation. While the parties have engaged in discussions and correspondence regarding this matter, no resolution has been reached and no litigation has commenced. Since the acquisition of PDI and KOR, we have been in the process of developing a more complete assessment of the DOJ investigation. We are entitled to indemnity with respect to this matter pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, and based on this indemnity and the associated escrow arrangements, the matter is not expected to have a material impact on our cash flows, results of operations, or financial condition.

In addition to the foregoing, we are subject to litigation, claims, investigations and audits arising from time to time in the ordinary course of our business. Although legal proceedings are inherently unpredictable, we believe that we have valid defenses with respect to those matters currently pending against us and intend to defend our self vigorously. The outcome of these matters, individually and in the aggregate, is not expected to have a material impact on our cash flows, results of operations, or financial position.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

You should carefully review and consider the information regarding certain factors that could materially affect our business, financial condition or future results set forth under Item 1A (Risk Factors) in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 (“2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K”). There have been no material changes from the factors disclosed in our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on August 18, 2011 with the Securities and Exchange Commission, although we may disclose changes to such factors or disclose additional factors from time to time in our future filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

The following Exhibits are filed or furnished, as applicable, herewith:

 

10.1    Agreement and Plan of Merger dated as of December 22, 2011 by and among the Company, King Merger, Inc., KOR Electronics, and the Securityholders’ Representative.
10.2*    Agreement, dated November 26, 2011, by and between Kevin M. Bisson and the Company (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of the Company’s current report on Form 8-K filed on January 17, 2012).
31.1    Certification of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Securities Exchange Act Rule 13a-14(a)/15(d)-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
31.2    Certification of the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Securities Exchange Act Rule 13a-14(a)/15(d)-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
32.1+    Certification of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
101++    The following materials from the Company’s Quarterly Report on the Form 10-Q for the quarter ended December 31, 2011 formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) the Consolidated Balance Sheets; (ii) the Consolidated Statements of Operations; (iii) the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows; and (iv) notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

* Identifies a management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement in which an executive officer or director of the Company participates.

 

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+ Furnished herewith. This certificate shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, or otherwise subject to the liability of that section, nor shall it be incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
++ As provided in Rule 406T of Regulation S-T, this information is furnished and not filed for purposes of Sections 11 and 12 of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

 

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MERCURY COMPUTER SYSTEMS, INC.

Signatures

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, in Chelmsford, Massachusetts, on February 8, 2012.

 

MERCURY COMPUTER SYSTEMS, INC.
By:    /s/    KEVIN M. BISSON        
 

Kevin M. Bisson

Senior Vice President,

Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

 

36

Agreement and Plan of Merger

Exhibit 10.1

EXECUTION COPY

 

 

AGREEMENT AND PLAN OF MERGER BY AND AMONG

MERCURY COMPUTER SYSTEMS, INC.,

KING MERGER INC.,

KOR ELECTRONICS,

AND

THE SECURITYHOLDERS’ REPRESENTATIVE NAMED HEREIN

Dated as of December 22, 2011

 

 


Mercury Priprietary Information

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

     Page  

ARTICLE I DEFINITIONS; CERTAIN RULES OF CONSTRUCTION

     2   

Section 1.01. Definitions

     2   

Section 1.02. Certain Matters of Construction

     16   

ARTICLE II THE MERGER

     17   

Section 2.01. The Merger

     17   

Section 2.02. Closing; Effective Time

     17   

Section 2.03. Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws of the Surviving Corporation

     18   

Section 2.04. Directors and Officers of the Surviving Corporation

     18   

Section 2.05. Effects of the Merger

     18   

ARTICLE III MERGER CONSIDERATION; CONVERSION OF SHARES

     18   

Section 3.01. Conversion of Stock

     18   

Section 3.02. Total Merger Consideration

     19   

Section 3.03. Surrender of Certificates

     20   

Section 3.04. Treatment of Options

     21   

Section 3.05. Working Capital Adjustment

     22   

Section 3.06. Withholding

     25   

Section 3.07. Dissenting Shares

     25   

Section 3.08. Changes in Shares

     25   

Section 3.09. Further Assurances

     25   

ARTICLE IV REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES REGARDING THE COMPANY

     26   

Section 4.01. Organization

     26   

Section 4.02. Power and Authorization

     26   

Section 4.03. Authorization of Governmental Authorities

     27   

Section 4.04. Noncontravention

     27   

Section 4.05. Capitalization of the Company

     28   

Section 4.06. Financial Matters

     28   

Section 4.07. Absence of Certain Developments

     30   

Section 4.08. Debt; Guarantees

     30   

Section 4.09. Assets

     30   

Section 4.10. Real Property

     31   

Section 4.11. Intellectual Property

     32   

Section 4.12. Legal Compliance; Illegal Payments; Permits

     35   

Section 4.13. Tax Matters

     36   

Section 4.14. Employee Benefit Plans

     39   

Section 4.15. Environmental Matters

     41   

Section 4.16. Contracts

     42   

 

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     Page  

Section 4.17. Government Contracts

     44   

Section 4.18. Related Party Transactions

     47   

Section 4.19. Customers and Suppliers

     47   

Section 4.20. Labor Matters

     48   

Section 4.21. Litigation; Governmental Orders

     48   

Section 4.22. Insurance

     49   

Section 4.23. Books and Records

     49   

Section 4.24. No Brokers

     49   

ARTICLE V REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF PARENT AND MERGER SUB

     50   

Section 5.01. Organization

     50   

Section 5.02. Power and Authorization

     50   

Section 5.03. Authorization of Governmental Authorities

     50   

Section 5.04. Noncontravention

     51   

Section 5.05. No Brokers

     51   

Section 5.06. Merger Sub Capitalization

     51   

Section 5.07. Litigation

     51   

Section 5.08. Financing

     51   

ARTICLE VI COVENANTS OF THE PARTIES

     51   

Section 6.01. Conduct of the Business of the Company and its Subsidiaries

     51   

Section 6.02. Access to Information

     54   

Section 6.03. Commercially Reasonable Efforts; Notices and Consents

     54   

Section 6.04. Expenses

     54   

Section 6.05. Notification of Certain Matters

     54   

Section 6.06. Publicity

     54   

Section 6.07. Conditions to the Contemplated Transactions; Further Assurances

     55   

Section 6.08. Certain Employment and Employee Benefits Matters

     55   

Section 6.09. Directors’ and Officers’ Indemnification and Insurance

     57   

Section 6.10. Merger Sub and Surviving Corporation

     58   

Section 6.11. Section 280G Approval

     58   

Section 6.12. Shareholder Merger Approval

     58   

ARTICLE VII CONDITIONS TO THE OBLIGATIONS OF PARENT AND MERGER SUB AT THE CLOSING

     59   

Section 7.01. Representations and Warranties

     59   

Section 7.02. Agreements and Covenants

     59   

Section 7.03. Delivery of Closing Certificates

     59   

Section 7.04. Qualifications

     60   

 

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(continued)

 

     Page  

Section 7.05. Absence of Litigation

     60   

Section 7.06. Consents, etc

     60   

Section 7.07. Proceedings and Documents

     60   

Section 7.08. Ancillary Agreements

     60   

Section 7.09. Resignations

     60   

Section 7.10. No Material Adverse Change

     60   

Section 7.11. Payoff Letters and Lien Releases, etc

     60   

Section 7.12. DLA Opinion

     61   

Section 7.13. Non-Competition Agreements

     61   

Section 7.14. Principal Shareholders Agreements

     61   

ARTICLE VIII CONDITIONS TO THE COMPANY’S OBLIGATIONS AT THE CLOSING

     61   

Section 8.01. Representations and Warranties

     61   

Section 8.02. Agreements and Covenants

     61   

Section 8.03. Officers Certificate

     61   

Section 8.04. Qualifications

     61   

Section 8.05. Absence of Litigation

     61   

Section 8.06. Ancillary Agreements

     61   

ARTICLE IX INDEMNIFICATION

     62   

Section 9.01. Indemnification by the Securityholders

     62   

Section 9.02. Indemnification by the Parent

     64   

Section 9.03. Time for Claims; Notice of Claims

     65   

Section 9.04. Third Party Claims

     66   

Section 9.05. Indemnity Escrow

     68   

Section 9.06. Knowledge and Investigation

     69   

Section 9.07. Remedies Cumulative

     69   

Section 9.08. Sole Remedy

     69   

Section 9.09. Merger Consideration Adjustment

     69   

Section 9.10. Insurance

     69   

ARTICLE X TAX MATTERS

     70   

Section 10.01. Tax Indemnification

     70   

Section 10.02. Tax Return Preparation

     70   

Section 10.03. Computation of Taxes for Straddle Periods

     72   

Section 10.04. Section 338(g)

     72   

Section 10.05. Allocation of Certain Expenses

     72   

Section 10.06. Tax Sharing Agreements

     73   

Section 10.07. Certain Taxes and Fees

     73   

Section 10.08. Cooperation on Tax Matters

     73   

Section 10.09. Control

     73   

Section 10.10. Section 280G Vote Solicitation

     74   

Section 10.11. Tax Treatment of Escrow

     75   

 

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     Page  

ARTICLE XI TERMINATION

     75   

Section 11.01. Termination of Agreement

     75   

Section 11.02. Effect of Termination

     76   

ARTICLE XII MISCELLANEOUS

     76   

Section 12.01. Notices

     76   

Section 12.02. Succession and Assignment; No Third-Party Beneficiaries

     78   

Section 12.03. Amendments and Waivers

     78   

Section 12.04. Provisions Concerning the Securityholders’ Representative

     79   

Section 12.05. Entire Agreement

     81   

Section 12.06. Counterparts; Facsimile Signature

     81   

Section 12.07. Severability

     81   

Section 12.08. Governing Law

     82   

Section 12.09. Jurisdiction; Venue; Service of Process

     82   

Section 12.10. Specific Performance

     83   

Section 12.11. Waiver of Jury Trial

     83   

 

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EXHIBITS

EXHIBIT

 

A    Form of Escrow Agreement
B    Agreement of Merger
C    Letter of Transmittal
D    Form of Option Cancellation Acknowledgement
E    Form of FIRPTA Certificate
F    Form of DLA Opinion
G-1    Form of Non-Competition Agreement (California)
G-2    Form of Non-Competition Agreement (Colorado)
H    Form of Principal Shareholders Agreement

ANNEXES

ANNEX

 

I    List of Principal Shareholders
II    Net Working Capital Calculation Schedule
III    Securityholders Subject to Non-Compete
IV    Directors and Officers of Surviving Corporation; Resignations

 

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Mercury Priprietary Information

AGREEMENT AND PLAN OF MERGER

THIS AGREEMENT AND PLAN OF MERGER (as amended, modified or supplemented from time to time, this “Agreement”) is made and entered into as of December 22, 2011 by and among MERCURY COMPUTER SYSTEMS, INC., a Massachusetts corporation (“Parent”), King Merger Inc., a California corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Parent (“Merger Sub”), KOR ELECTRONICS, a California corporation (the “Company”), and Shareholder Representative Services LLC, a Colorado limited liability company, solely in its capacity as the Securityholders’ Representative (as defined below).

RECITALS

WHEREAS, the Board of Directors of the Company (the “Company Board”) has determined that this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby, including the merger of Merger Sub with and into the Company (the “Merger”) in accordance with the California General Corporation Law (the “CGCL”), with the Company continuing as the surviving corporation in the Merger and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Parent, are advisable, fair to and in the best interests of the shareholders of the Company (the “Shareholders”), and has approved this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby, including the Merger, and recommended that the Shareholders adopt this Agreement and approve the Merger, all upon the terms and subject to the conditions set forth herein;

WHEREAS, concurrently with the execution of this Agreement, the holders of outstanding shares of capital stock of the Company listed on Annex I hereto (the “Principal Shareholders”), holding shares of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, of the Company (the “Common Stock” with such outstanding common shares being referred to herein as the “Common Shares”), and all of the issued and outstanding shares of Series F convertible preferred stock, par value $0.0001 per share, of the Company (the “Preferred Stock” and, together with the Common Shares, referred to herein as the “Shares”), in the aggregate representing more than 50% of the outstanding Common Stock, more than 50% of the outstanding Preferred Stock and more than 50% of the total voting power of the capital stock of the Company, have executed and delivered a written consent adopting this Agreement and approving the Merger upon the terms and subject to the terms set forth herein;

WHEREAS, the Boards of Directors of Parent and Merger Sub have each determined that this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby, including the Merger, are advisable and in the best interests of their respective shareholders, and have approved this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby, including the Merger, and Parent, as the sole stockholder of Merger Sub, has adopted this Agreement and approved the Merger, all upon the terms and subject to the conditions set forth herein;

WHEREAS, by virtue of the Merger, all Shares will be converted into the right to receive cash, as described herein;

WHEREAS, in connection with the Merger, all of the issued and outstanding options to acquire Common Stock (the “Options”) will be terminated, with holders of Vested Options (defined herein) receiving a cash payment as provided herein; and


WHEREAS, contemporaneously with the Closing (as defined herein), Parent and Merger Sub shall enter into an Indemnity Escrow Agreement with Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., as escrow agent (the “Escrow Agent”), and the Securityholders’ Representative, as the representative of the Shareholders and the holders of the Vested Options (collectively, the “Securityholders”), substantially in the form of Exhibit A hereto (the “Escrow Agreement”).

AGREEMENT

NOW THEREFORE, in consideration of the premises and mutual promises herein made, and in consideration of the representations, warranties and covenants herein contained, the parties to this Agreement hereby agree as follows:

ARTICLE I

DEFINITIONS; CERTAIN RULES OF CONSTRUCTION.

Section 1.01. Definitions.

(a) In addition to the other terms defined throughout this Agreement, the following terms shall have the following meanings when used in this Agreement:

8(a) Business Development Concern” means a firm that the SBA has certified as eligible for participation in the 8(a) Business Development Program as described in 48 C.F.R. § 19.800 and 15 U.S.C. § 637(a).

1933 Act” means the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

Accounting Principles” means GAAP as in effect on the Most Recent Balance Sheet Date applied on a basis consistent with the methodology used to prepare the Net Working Capital Calculation Schedule.

Action” means any claim, controversy, action, cause of action, suit, litigation, arbitration, investigation, opposition, interference, audit, assessment, hearing, complaint, demand or other legal proceeding (whether sounding in contract, tort or otherwise, whether civil or criminal and whether brought at law or in equity) that is commenced, brought, conducted, tried or heard by or before, or otherwise involving, any Governmental Authority.

Affiliate” means, with respect to any specified Person, any other Person directly or indirectly controlling, controlled by, or under direct or indirect common control with such specified Person. For purposes of the foregoing, (a) a Person shall be deemed to control a specified Person if such Person (or a Family Member of such Person) possesses, directly or indirectly, the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of such specified Person or (b) if such other Person is at such time a direct or indirect beneficial holder of at least 10% of any class of the Equity Interests of such specified Person.

 

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Ancillary Agreements” means the Escrow Agreement, the Option Cancellation Acknowledgements, the Letter of Transmittal, the Non-Competition Agreements, the Principal Shareholder Agreements and each of the other agreements, certificates, instruments and documents to be executed and delivered by the parties in connection with the Contemplated Transactions.

Appraisal Costs” means any costs incurred by the Company before or after the Effective Time in connection with any Dissenting Shares pursuant to Section 3.07 (Dissenting Shares), including payments required to be made to holders of Dissenting Shares and legal fees, but only to the extent that (i) such payments exceed the Merger Consideration that would otherwise have been payable to such holders in the Merger had their Shares not been Dissenting Shares and (ii) such fees and expenses are not paid by the Company prior to the Effective Time.

Business” means the businesses conducted by the Company and its Subsidiaries as of the date hereof.

Business Day” means any day other than a Saturday or a Sunday or a weekday on which banks in Boston, Massachusetts are authorized or required to be closed.

Change of Control Payment” means (a) any bonus, severance or other payment or other form of Compensation that is created, accelerated, accrues or becomes payable by the Company to any present or former director, stockholder, employee or consultant thereof, including pursuant to any employment agreement, benefit plan or any other Contractual Obligation, including any Taxes payable on or triggered by any such payment (other than payments in respect of the Shares and Options under or as described in Article III of this Agreement, including payments in respect of Vested Options that have been accelerated in connection with the Contemplated Transactions in accordance with Section 3.04), to the extent the Company or any Subsidiary is responsible for the payment or reimbursement of any such Taxes and (b) without duplication of any other amounts included within the definition of Company Transaction Expenses, any other payment, expense or fee that accrues or becomes payable by the Company to any Governmental Authority or other Person under any Legal Requirement or Contractual Obligation, including in connection with the making of any filings, the giving of any notices or the obtaining of any consents, authorizations or approvals, in the case of each of (a) and (b), as a result of, or in connection with, the execution and delivery of this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement or the consummation of the Contemplated Transactions.

Classified Government Contract” means any Government Contract where any portion of the agreement or performance of the agreement is classified pursuant to Executive Order 13292.

Closing Cash Amount” means the amount of cash and cash equivalents held by the Company and the Company’s Subsidiaries, net of outstanding checks, as of the close of business on the day immediately preceding the Closing Date.

 

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Closing Date” means the date on which the Closing actually occurs.

Closing Debt Amount” means the amount of Debt of the Company as of the Closing Date immediately prior to the Closing.

Code” means the U.S. Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

Company Disclosure Schedule” means the separate set of schedules relating to this Agreement and prepared by the Company and delivered by the Company to Parent immediately prior to the execution and delivery of this Agreement.

Company Intellectual Property Rights” means all Licensed Intellectual Property Rights and Owned Intellectual Property Rights.

Company’s Knowledge,” “Knowledge of the Company” and similar formulations mean that one or more of Kevin Carnino, Thomas O’Hara, Wayne Girard, Brett Keating, Peter Reese, Theodore Batch, Richard Halvas and Matthew Hughes (a) has actual knowledge of the fact or other matter at issue or (b) should have had actual knowledge of such fact or other matter assuming the diligent exercise of such individual’s duties as an officer or employee of the Company or a Subsidiary of the Company and after reasonable inquiry of all employees of the Company/or such Subsidiary reasonably expected to have actual knowledge of such fact or matter.

Company Products” means any products being sold, manufactured or developed, and any services being provided, by the Company and its Subsidiaries in connection with and/or related to the Business as currently conducted.

Company Transaction Expenses” means all costs, fees and expenses incurred in connection with or in anticipation of the negotiation, execution and delivery of this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements or the consummation of the Contemplated Transactions to the extent such costs, fees and expenses are payable or reimbursable by the Company, including, (i) all fees and expenses of Pagemill Partners and all other brokerage fees, commissions, finders’ fees or financial advisory fees, (ii) the fees and expenses of DLA Piper LLP (US) and Mayer Hoffman McCann P.C. and all other fees and expenses of legal counsel, accountants, consultants and other experts and advisors so incurred, (iii) all Change of Control Payments, (iv) the cost of any D&O coverage obtained pursuant to Section 6.09; (v) all Appraisal Costs, (vi) without duplication of any Appraisal Costs, to the extent not covered by the insurance referred to in Section 6.09(b), all other costs and expenses incurred by the Company or any Subsidiary in connection with any claim asserted by any Securityholders in connection with the Contemplated Transactions (other than a claim for payment of amounts due under Article III or the Escrow Agreement) and (vii) all costs and expenses of the Securityholders’ Representative not funded by the SR Escrow Amount. Company Transaction Expenses will not include the fees of the Escrow Agent pursuant to the Escrow Agreement or the Paying Agent pursuant to the Paying Agent Agreement.

 

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Compensation” means, with respect to any Person, all salaries, compensation, remuneration, bonuses or benefits of any kind or character whatsoever (including issuances or grants of Equity Interests), made directly or indirectly by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries to or for the benefit of such Person or any Family Member of such Person.

Contemplated Transactions” means the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, including (a) the Merger, (b) the cancellation of the Options and the making of the Option Payments, (c) the execution, delivery and performance of the Ancillary Agreements, and (d) the payment of fees and expenses relating to such transactions.

Contractual Obligation” means, with respect to any Person, any contract, agreement, deed, mortgage, lease, sublease, license, sublicense or other commitment, promise, undertaking, obligation, arrangement, instrument or understanding, whether written or oral, to which or by which such Person is a party or otherwise subject or bound or to which or by which any property, business, operation or right of such Person is subject or bound.

Debt” means, with respect to any Person, and without duplication, all Liabilities of such Person (a) for borrowed money (including amounts outstanding under overdraft facilities, and all principal, accrued interest, penalties, fees and premiums), (b) evidenced by notes, bonds, debentures or other similar Contractual Obligations, (c) in respect of “earn-out” obligations and other obligations for the deferred purchase price of property, goods or services (other than trade payables or accruals incurred in the Ordinary Course of Business), (d) for the capitalized liability under all capital leases of such Person (determined in accordance with GAAP), (e) in respect of letters of credit and bankers’ acceptances, (f) for Contractual Obligations relating to interest rate protection, swap agreements and collar agreements, in each case, to the extent payable if such Contractual Obligation is terminated at the Closing, and (g) in the nature of Guarantees of the obligations described in clauses (a) through (f) above of any other Person.

Deferred Merger Consideration” means any additional consideration payable with respect to the Shares and Vested Options pursuant to Section 3.05 (Working Capital Adjustment) or pursuant to the Escrow Agreement.

Distribution” means a declaration, setting aside or payment by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries of any dividend or other distribution (whether in cash, equity or property) on or with respect to, or redemption, purchase or other acquisition by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries of, any Equity Interest of the Company or any Subsidiaries.

Employee Plan” means any plan, program, policy, arrangement or Contractual Obligation, whether formal or informal, whether or not reduced to writing, and whether covering a single individual or a group of individuals, that is (a) a welfare plan within the meaning of Section 3(1) of ERISA, (b) a pension benefit plan within the meaning of Section 3(2) of ERISA, (c) a stock bonus, stock purchase, stock option, restricted stock,

 

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stock appreciation right or similar equity-based plan or (d) any other deferred-compensation, retirement, severance, welfare-benefit, reimbursement, bonus, profit-sharing, incentive or fringe-benefit plan, program or arrangement.

Encumbrance” means any charge, claim, community or other marital property interest, equitable or ownership interest, lien, license, option, pledge, security interest, mortgage, deed of trust, right of way, easement, encroachment, servitude, right of first offer or first refusal, buy/sell agreement and any other restriction or covenant with respect to, or condition governing the use, construction, voting (in the case of any security or Equity Interest), transfer, receipt of income or exercise of any other attribute of ownership (other than, in the case of a security, any restriction on the transfer of such security arising solely under federal and state securities laws). “Encumbered” has a meaning correlative with the foregoing,

Enforceable” means, with respect to any Contractual Obligation stated to be Enforceable by or against any Person, that such Contractual Obligation is a legal, valid and binding obligation of such Person enforceable by or against such Person in accordance with its terms, except to the extent that enforcement of the rights and remedies created thereby is subject to bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium and other similar laws of general application affecting the rights and remedies of creditors and to general principles of equity (regardless of whether enforceability is considered in a proceeding in equity or at law).

Environmental Laws” means any Legal Requirement relating to (a) releases or threatened releases of Hazardous Substances, (b) pollution or protection of public health or the environment or worker safety or health or (c) the manufacture, handling, transport, use, treatment, storage, or disposal of Hazardous Substances.

Equity Interest” means, with respect to any Person, (a) any capital stock, partnership or membership interest, unit of participation or other similar interest (however designated) in such Person and (b) any option, warrant, purchase right, conversion right, exchange right or other Contractual Obligation which would entitle any other Person to acquire any such interest in such Person or otherwise entitle any other Person to share in the equity, profits, earnings, losses or gains of such Person (including stock appreciation, phantom stock, profit participation or other similar rights).

ERISA” means the U.S. Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974.

Escrow Amount” means $10,500,000.

Facilities” means any buildings, plants, improvements or structures located on the Real Property.

Family Member” means, with respect to any individual, (a) such Person’s spouse, (b) each parent, brother, sister or child of such Person or such Person’s spouse, (c) the spouse of any Person described in clause (b) above, (d) each child of any Person described in clauses (a), (b) or (c) above, (e) each trust created for the benefit of one or

 

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more of the Persons described in clauses (a) through (d) above and (f) each custodian or guardian of any property of one or more of the Persons described in clauses (a) through (e) above in his or her capacity as such custodian or guardian.

Fully-Diluted Common Share Number” means the total number of issued and outstanding shares of Common Stock immediately prior to the Effective Time calculated on a fully-diluted basis assuming the exercise in full of all Vested Options that are outstanding at such time, but without giving effect to any potential conversion of the Preferred Stock.

GAAP” means generally accepted accounting principles in the United States as in effect from time to time.

Government Contract” means any Contractual Obligation between the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in its capacity as a prime contractor and any United States Government department or agency or an agency of a foreign sovereign. A task, purchase or delivery order under a Government Contract shall not constitute a separate Government Contract, but shall be part of the Government Contract to which it relates.

Government Order” means any order, writ, judgment, injunction, decree, stipulation, ruling, decision, verdict, determination or award made, issued or entered by or with any Governmental Authority.

Government Subcontract” means any Contractual Obligation between the Company or any of its Subsidiaries and any prime contractor or upper-tier subcontractor relating to a Contractual Obligation between such Person and any United States Government department or agency or an agency of a foreign sovereign, and any subcontract under a Government Contract awarded by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries to another party in each case including any task orders or delivery orders issued under such Contractual Obligation or subcontract.

Governmental Authority” means any United States federal, state, local, municipal or any foreign government, or political subdivision thereof, regulatory, self-regulatory, or any multinational organization or authority, or any other authority, agency, bureau, board, court, department, tribunal, instrumentality or commission thereof entitled to exercise any administrative, executive, judicial, legislative, police, regulatory or taxing authority or power, any court or tribunal, or any arbitrator or arbitral body.

Guarantee” means, with respect to any Person, (a) any guarantee of the payment or performance of, or any contingent obligation in respect of, any Debt or other Liability of any other Person, (b) any other arrangement whereby credit is extended to any obligor (other than such Person) on the basis of any promise or undertaking of such Person (i) to pay the Debt or other Liability of such obligor, (ii) to purchase any obligation owed by such obligor, (iii) to purchase or lease assets under circumstances that are designed to enable such obligor to discharge one or more of its obligations or (iv) to maintain the capital, working capital, solvency or general financial condition of such obligor and (c) any liability as a general partner of a partnership or as a venturer in a joint venture in respect of Debt or other Liabilities of such partnership or venture.

 

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Hazardous Substance” means any pollutant, petroleum, or any fraction thereof, contaminant or toxic or hazardous material (including toxic mold), substance or waste.

HUBZone Small Business Concern” means a Small Business Concern that appears on the List of Qualified HUBZone Small Business Concerns maintained by the Small Business Administration (13 CFR § 126.103).

Indemnified Person” means, with respect to any Indemnity Claim, each Parent Indemnified Person or Securityholder Indemnified Person asserting the Indemnity Claim (or on whose behalf the Indemnity Claim is asserted) under Section 9.01 or 9.02, as the case may be (it being understood that, as contemplated by Section 9.04 or Article X, the Securityholders’ Representative will be the sole and exclusive agent, representative and attorney-in-fact for each of the Securityholders for all purposes of asserting Indemnity Claims, receiving and giving notices and service of process in respect thereof, making filings with any court or other Governmental Authority in respect thereof and controlling and otherwise making all decisions in connection with each Indemnity Claim brought on behalf of any Securityholder Indemnified Person under Section 9.02, and the term “Indemnified Person” shall mean the Securityholders’ Representative to the extent that it is acting in such capacity on behalf of any Securityholder).

Indemnifying Party” means, with respect to any Indemnity Claim, the party or parties against whom such Indemnity Claim may be or has been asserted (it being understood that, without in any way limiting the Securityholders’ payment and other obligations under any Contractual Obligation or Governmental Order arising out of, relating to, or resulting from any Indemnity Claim, as contemplated by Section 9.04 or Article X, the Securityholders’ Representative will be the sole and exclusive agent, representative and attorney-in-fact for each of the Securityholders for all purposes of responding to and defending Indemnity Claims, receiving and giving notices and service of process in respect thereof, making filings with any court or other Governmental Authority in respect thereof, controlling and otherwise making all decisions on behalf of each of the Securityholders in connection with each Indemnity Claim brought against any of the Securityholders under Section 9.01 or Article X, and the term “Indemnifying Party” shall mean the Securityholders’ Representative when it is acting in such capacity on behalf of any or all of the Securityholders.

Indemnity Claim” means a claim for indemnity under Section 9.01 or 9.02 or Article X, as the case may be.

Intellectual Property Rights” means any and all statutory and/or common rights of every kind and nature, throughout the world, in, arising out of, or associated with:

(b) patents, utility models and all reissues, divisions, re-examinations, renewals, extensions, provisionals, continuations and continuations-in-part thereof and patentable inventions;

 

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(c) copyrights, works of authorship, including computer programs, source code and executable code, whether embodied in software, firmware, documentation, designs, files, records, schematics, layouts or data, and mask works, rights of privacy and publicity, moral rights, database rights provided by law, and all other proprietary rights;

(d) trademarks, trade names, service marks, service names, brands, trade dress and logos, and the goodwill associated therewith;

(e) domain names, web addresses and uniform resource locators (URLs);

(f) confidential information, trade secrets, and, to the extent confidential discoveries, innovations, know-how, proprietary information (including ideas, research and development, formulas, algorithms, compositions, processes and techniques, data, designs, drawings, specifications, customer and supplier lists, pricing and cost information, business and marketing plans and proposals, graphics, illustrations, artwork, documentation, and manuals), including improvements, modifications, works in process, derivatives, or changes, to any of the foregoing;

(g) any other intellectual property or similar corresponding or equivalent rights to any of the foregoing anywhere in the world; and

(h) any and all registrations and applications relating to any of the foregoing.

Key Employees” means each of the persons listed in Annex III hereto.

Legal Requirement” means any United States federal, state or local or any foreign law, statute, standard, ordinance, code, rule, regulation, resolution or promulgation, or any Government Order, or any Permit granted under any of the foregoing, or any similar provision having the force or effect of law.

Liability” means, with respect to any Person, any liability or obligation of such Person whether known or unknown, whether asserted or unasserted, whether determined, determinable or otherwise, whether absolute or contingent, whether accrued or unaccrued, whether liquidated or unliquidated, whether directly incurred or consequential, whether due or to become due and whether or not required under GAAP to be accrued on the financial statements of such Person.

Licensed Intellectual Property Rights” means Intellectual Property Rights licensed to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries that are used in and/or necessary for the conduct of the Business as currently conducted.

Material Adverse Effect” means a material adverse effect on the business, assets, properties, financial condition, or results of operations or prospects of the Company; provided, however, that in no event shall any change resulting from changes in general

 

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business, financial, political, capital market or economic conditions (including any change resulting from any hostilities, war or military or terrorist attack) be taken into account in the determination of whether a Material Adverse Effect has occurred, except to the extent such change adversely affects the Company more than other companies in its industry.

Merger Consideration” means the Per Common Share Initial Merger Consideration or Per Preferred Share Initial Merger Consideration, as applicable plus any Deferred Merger Consideration.

Net Working Capital” means the remainder of (a) the current assets of the Company reflected in the line items included in the Net Working Capital Calculation Schedule, but excluding cash and cash equivalents, minus (b) the current liabilities of the Company reflected in the line items included in the Net Working Capital Calculation Schedule, in each case, calculated as of the close of business on the day immediately preceding the Closing Date in accordance with the Accounting Principles; provided, that Net Working Capital shall not take into account any amounts in respect of Tax assets or Tax liabilities, the current portions of any amounts reflected in the Closing Debt Amount or any accrued liabilities that constitute Company Transaction Expenses.

Net Working Capital Adjustment Amount” means the difference between (a) the amount of the Net Working Capital as finally determined pursuant to Section 3.05 and (b) the Net Working Capital Target.

Net Working Capital Calculation Schedule” means the calculation of Net Working Capital attached as Annex II hereto.

Net Working Capital Target” means $5,314,000.

Option Payments” means the amount to be paid to any holder of Vested Options pursuant to Section 3.04 and the Escrow Agreement.

Ordinary Course of Business” means an action taken by any Person in the ordinary course of such Person’s business that is consistent with the past customs and practices of such Person (including past practice with respect to quantity, amount, magnitude and frequency, standard employment and payroll policies and past practice with respect to management of working capital and the making of capital expenditures) and that is taken in the ordinary course of the normal day-to-day operations of such Person.

Organizational Conflict of Interest” means that because of other activities or relationships with other Persons, a Person is unable or potentially unable to render impartial assistance or advice to the Government, or the person’s objectivity in performing the contract work is or might be otherwise impaired, or a person has an unfair competitive advantage as further defined in FAR subpart 9.5.

 

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Organizational Documents” means, with respect to any Person (other than an individual), (a) the certificate or articles of incorporation or organization and any joint venture, limited liability company, operating or partnership agreement and other similar documents adopted or filed in connection with the creation, formation or organization of such Person and (b) all by-laws, voting agreements and similar documents, instruments or agreements relating to the organization or governance of such Person, in each case, as amended or supplemented.

Owned Intellectual Property Rights” means Intellectual Property Rights owned by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries that are used in or necessary for the conduct of the Business as currently conducted.

Parent Disclosure Schedule” means the separate set of schedules relating to this Agreement and prepared and delivered by Parent to the Company and the Securityholders’ Representative immediately prior to the execution and delivery of this Agreement.

Paying Agent Agreement” means the written agreement between the Company and the Paying Agent regarding the Paying Agent’s services.

Per Common Share Initial Merger Consideration” means the quotient obtained by dividing (a) the sum of the Total Common/Option Merger Consideration plus the aggregate exercise price of all Vested Options less $8,621,428.57 by (b) the Fully-Diluted Common Share Number.

Per Option Gross Merger Consideration” means the quotient obtained by dividing (a) the Total Common/Option Merger Consideration by (b) the Fully-Diluted Common Share Number.

Per Preferred Share Initial Merger Consideration” means an amount equal to (i) the Total Preferred Merger Consideration less $2,028,571.43 divided by (ii) the total number of shares of Preferred Stock outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time.

Permits” means, with respect to any Person, any license, franchise, permit, consent, approval, right, privilege, certificate or other similar authorization issued by, or otherwise granted by, any Governmental Authority to which or by which such Person is subject or bound or to which or by which any property, business, operation or right of such Person is subject or bound.

Permitted Encumbrance” means (a) statutory liens for current Taxes not yet delinquent or the amount or validity of which is being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings and for which appropriate reserves have been established in accordance with the Accounting Principles, (b) mechanics’, materialmen’s, carriers’, workers’, repairers’ and similar statutory liens arising or incurred in the Ordinary Course of Business the existence of which would not constitute an event of default under, or breach of, a Real Property Lease and the Liabilities of the Company in respect of which are not overdue or otherwise in default, and (c) liens to secure landlords, lessors or renters under leases or rental agreements (to the extent the Company or the applicable Subsidiary is not in default under such lease or rental agreement).

 

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Person” means any individual or any corporation, association, partnership, limited liability company, joint venture, joint stock or other company, business trust, trust, organization, Governmental Authority or other entity of any kind.

Pre-Closing Tax Period” means taxable periods ending on or before the Closing Date and the portion through the end of the Closing Date for any Taxable period that includes (but does not end on) the Closing Date.

Pro Rata Common/Option Payment Percentage” means, as to any holder of Common Shares or Vested Options, a fraction (expressed as a percentage) (i) the numerator of which is the total number of Common Shares held by such holder plus the total number of Common Shares subject to Vested Options held by such holder, immediately prior to the Effective Time, and (ii) the denominator of which is the Fully Diluted Common Share Number.

Pro Rata Escrow Percentage” means:

(i) with respect to any former holder of Preferred Stock, a fraction (expressed as a percentage) equal to (A) times (B), where (A) equals 2/10.5 and (B) equals a fraction, (x) the numerator of which is the total amount of Total Preferred Merger Consideration paid to such Securityholder as a holder of Preferred Stock pursuant to Section 3.03 and (y) the denominator of which is the Total Preferred Merger Consideration paid to all holders of Preferred Stock pursuant to Section 3.03; and

(ii) with respect to any former holder of Common Stock or Vested Options, a fraction (expressed as a percentage) equal to (A) times (B), where (A) equals 8.5/10.5 and (B) equals a fraction, (x) the numerator of which is the total amount of Total Common/Option Merger Consideration paid to such Securityholder as a holder of Common Stock and the total Option Payments paid to such Securityholder as a holder of Vested Options, pursuant to Sections 3.03 and 3.04 and (y) the denominator of which is the total payments to holders of Common Stock and Vested Options pursuant to Sections 3.03 and 3.04.

Pro Rata Proceeds Percentage” means, with respect to any Securityholder, a fraction (expressed as a percentage) (i) the numerator of which is the total amount of Total Preferred Merger Consideration paid to such Securityholder as a holder of Preferred Stock, the Total Common/Option Merger Consideration paid to such Securityholder as a holder of Common Stock and the total Option Payments paid to such Securityholder as a holder of Vested Options, pursuant to Sections 3.03 and 3.04 and (ii) the denominator of which is the total payments to Securityholders paid pursuant to Sections 3.03 and 3.04

Publicly Available Software” means each of: (a) any software that contains, or is derived in any manner (in whole or in part) from, any software that is distributed as free software, open source software (e.g. Linux) or similar licensing or distribution models;

 

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and (b) any software that requires as a condition of use, modification and/or distribution of such software that such software or other software incorporated into, derived from or distributed with such software (i) be disclosed or distributed in source code form, (ii) be licensed for the purpose of making derivative works, or (iii) be redistributable at no charge.

Representative” means, with respect to any Person, any director, officer, employee, agent, manager, consultant, advisor, or other representative of such Person, including legal counsel, accountants, and financial advisors.

Return Arbiter” means an independent accounting firm mutually acceptable to Parent and the Securityholders’ Representative which is engaged to resolve a dispute related to a Tax Return for a Pre-Closing Tax Period.

Small Business Concern” means a concern, including its Affiliates, that is independently owned and operated, not dominant in the field of operation in which it is bidding on Government Contracts, and qualified as a small business under the criteria and size standards in 13 CFR part 121 (See, FAR section 19.102 and 15 U.S.C. § 632).

SR Escrow Amount” equals $150,000.

Straddle Period” means any taxable period that includes, but does not end, on the Closing Date.

Subsidiary” means, with respect to any specified Person, any other Person of which such specified Person, directly or indirectly through one or more Subsidiaries, (a) owns at least 50% of the outstanding Equity Interests entitled to vote generally in the election of the Board of Directors or similar governing body of such other Person, or (b) has the power to generally direct the business and policies of that other Person, whether by contract or as a general partner, managing member, manager, joint venturer, agent or otherwise.

Tax” or “Taxes” means any and all federal, state, local, or foreign taxes, charges, fees, levies or other assessments, including income, gross receipts, license, payroll, employment, excise, severance, stamp, occupation, premium, windfall profits, environmental, customs duties, capital stock, franchise, profits, escheat, withholding, social security (or similar, including FICA), unemployment, disability, real property, personal property, sales, use, transfer, registration, value added, alternative or add-on minimum, estimated, or other tax of any kind whatsoever, including any interest, penalty, or addition thereto, whether disputed or not.

Tax Return” means any return, declaration, report, claim for refund or information return or statement relating to Taxes, including any schedule or attachment thereto, and including any amendment thereof.

Total Common/Option Merger Consideration” means the Total Merger Consideration less the Total Preferred Merger Consideration.

 

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Total Preferred Merger Consideration” means an amount equal to $6.9371 multiplied by the number of shares of Preferred Stock outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time.

Treasury Regulations” means the regulations promulgated under the Code.

Vested Options” means any Options that, at the Effective Time and after giving effect to any acceleration of vesting made by the Company Board, are presently exercisable for shares of Common Stock.

Veteran-Owned Small Business Concern” means a small business concern— (1) not less than 51% of which is owned by one or more veterans (as defined at 38 U.S.C. § 101(2)) or, in the case of any publicly owned business, not less than 51% of the stock of which is owned by one or more veterans; and (2) the management and daily business operations of which are controlled by one or more veterans.

(j) In addition to the defined terms in paragraph (a) above, the following terms are defined elsewhere in this Agreement:

 

Term

  

Section

Accounting Firm

   Section 3.05(e)

Agreement

   Preamble

Assets

   Section 4.09(a)

Audited Financials

   Section 4.06(a)(i)

Audits

   Section 4.17(b)(iv)

Certificates

   Section 3.03(c)

CGCL

   Recitals

Closing

   Section 2.02(a)

Common Stock

   Recitals

Company

   Preamble

Company Board

   Recitals

Company Plan

   Section 4.14(a)

Company Registrations

   Section 4.11(c)

Company Stock Plans

   Section 3.04(a)

Continuing Employee

   Section 6.08(a)

Current Liability Policies

   Section 4.22

Dissenting Shares

   Section 3.07(a)

DoD

   Section 4.17(b)(ix)

Effective Time

   Section 2.02(b)

Eligible Holder

   Section 3.01(a)

ERISA Affiliate

   Section 4.14(a)

Escrow Agent

   Recitals

Escrow Agreement

   Recitals

Estimated Closing Balance Sheet

   Section 3.05(a)

Estimated Closing Statement

   Section 3.05(a)

Estimated Closing Date Merger Consideration

   Section 3.05(b)

 

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Term

  

Section

Exchange Fund

   Section 3.03(b)

FAR

   Section 4.17(b)(ix)

Final Closing Balance Sheet

   Section 3.05(e)

Final Closing Statement

   Section 3.05(e)

Financials

   Section 4.06(a)(ii)

Inbound IP Contracts

   Section 4.11(d)

Indemnified Parties

   Section 6.09(a)

IP Contracts

   Section 4.11(d)

Internal Revenue Service

   Section 4.14(a)

Leased Real Property

   Section 4.10(a)

Letter of Transmittal

   Section 3.03(c)

Liability Policies

   Section 4.22

Losses

   Section 9.01(a)

Material Company Contract

   Section 4.16(b)

Merger

   Recitals

Merger Sub Common Stock

   Section 5.06

Most Recent Balance Sheet

   Section 4.06(a)(ii)

Most Recent Balance Sheet Date

   Section 4.06(a)(ii)

Non-Competition Agreements

   Section 7.13

Option Cancellation Acknowledgement

   Section 3.04(a)

Options

   Recitals

Outbound IP Contracts

   Section 4.11(d)

Outside Date

   Section 4.10(a)

Parent Indemnified Person

   Section 9.01(a)

Paying Agent

   Section 3.03(a)

PDI

   Section 4.01(b)

Preferred Stock

   Recitals

Principal Shareholders

   Recitals

Principal Shareholders Agreements

   Section 7.14

Proposed Final Closing Balance Sheet

   Section 3.05(c)

Proposed Final Closing Statement

   Section 3.05(c)

Real Property

   Section 4.10(a)

Real Property Leases

   Section 4.10(a)

SBA

   Section 4.17(b)(vi)

Scheduled Intellectual Property Rights

   Section 4.11(c)

Security Clearance Holder

   Section 4.17(g)

Securityholder

   Recitals

Securityholder Indemnified Person

   Section 9.02(a)

Securityholders’ Representative

   Section 12.04(a)

Severance Plan

   Section 6.08(f)

Shareholder

   Recitals

Shareholder Approval

   Section 10.10

Shareholder Approval Rules

   Section 10.10

Shareholder Documents

   Section 3.03(c)

Shares

   Recitals

 

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Term

  

Section

Specified Indemnity Matters

   Section 9.01(a)(iv)

Straddle Period

   Section 10.01

Surviving Corporation

   Section 2.01

Tax Contest Claims

   Section 10.09(a)

Tax Claims

   Section 9.04(a)

Third Party Claim

   Section 9.04(a)

Total Merger Consideration

   Section 3.02

Working Capital Dispute Notice

   Section 3.05(d)

Section 1.02. Certain Matters of Construction.

(a) The parties have participated jointly in the negotiation and drafting of this Agreement. In the event an ambiguity or question of intent or interpretation arises, this Agreement shall be construed as if drafted jointly by the parties and no presumption or burden of proof shall arise favoring or disfavoring any party by virtue of the authorship of any of the provisions of this Agreement.

(b) Section and subsection headings are not to be considered part of this Agreement, are included solely for convenience, are not intended to be full or accurate descriptions of the content of the Sections or subsections of this Agreement and shall not affect the construction hereof.

(c) Except as otherwise explicitly specified to the contrary herein, (i) the words “hereof,” “herein,” “hereunder” and words of similar import shall refer to this Agreement as a whole and not to any particular Section or subsection of this Agreement and reference to a particular Section of this Agreement shall include all subsections thereof, (ii) references to a Section, Exhibit or Annex means a Section of, or Exhibit or Annex to this Agreement, unless another agreement is specified, (iii) definitions shall be equally applicable to both the singular and plural forms of the terms defined, and references to the masculine, feminine or neuter gender shall include each other gender, (iv) the word “including” means including without limitation, (v) any reference to “$” or “dollars” means United States dollars and (vi) references to a particular statute or regulation include all rules and regulations thereunder and any successor statute, rule or regulation, in each case as amended or otherwise modified from time to time.

(d) Neither the listing nor description of any item, matter or document in either the Company Disclosure Schedule or the Parent Disclosure Schedule nor the furnishing or availability for review of any document will be construed to modify, qualify or disclose an exception to any representation or warranty of any party made herein or in connection herewith, except to the extent that such representation or warranty specifically refers to either the Company Disclosure Schedule or the Parent Disclosure Schedule, as applicable, and such modification, qualification or exception is clearly described in such Schedule.

 

16


(e) The parties intend that each representation, warranty and covenant contained herein will have independent significance. If any party has breached or violated, or if there is an inaccuracy in, any representation, warranty or covenant contained herein in any respect, the fact that there exists another representation, warranty or covenant relating to the same subject matter (regardless of the relative levels of specificity) which the party has not breached or violated, or in respect of which there is not an inaccuracy, will not detract from or mitigate the fact that the party has breached or violated, or there is an inaccuracy in, the first representation, warranty or covenant.

(f) Unless the context clearly requires otherwise, when used herein “or” shall not be exclusive (i.e., “or” shall mean “and/or”).

(g) Time is of the essence with regard to all dates and time periods set forth or referred to in this Agreement.

(h) Where this Agreement states that the Company has “made available” any document to the Parent, that means the document has been posted to the Company’s data room as of 7:00 a.m. E.S.T. on December 22, 2011.

(i) In the event any inconsistency between this Agreement and the agreement of merger to be filed with the Secretary of the State of California pursuant to Section 2.02(b), the terms of this Agreement shall control.

ARTICLE II

THE MERGER.

Section 2.01. The Merger. Upon the terms and subject to the satisfaction or waiver, if permissible, of the conditions set forth in Article VII and VIII hereof, and in accordance with the CGCL, at the Effective Time, (a) Merger Sub shall be merged with and into the Company, (b) the separate corporate existence of Merger Sub shall cease and (c) the Company shall, as the surviving corporation in the Merger, continue its existence under the CGCL as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Parent. The Company as the surviving corporation after the Merger is hereinafter sometimes referred to as the “Surviving Corporation.”

Section 2.02. Closing; Effective Time.

(a) The closing of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement (the “Closing”) shall be held at the offices of Bingham McCutchen LLP, One Federal Street, Boston MA 02110, or at such other location as Parent and the Company may agree, at 11:00 a.m., Boston, Massachusetts time, on December 27, 2011 or if the conditions set forth in Article VII and VIII are not satisfied or waived, if permissible, on such date, on the next Business Day following the satisfaction or waiver of such conditions, if permissible (other than in each case conditions which by their nature are to be satisfied or waived at the Closing and are expected to be satisfied at the Closing, but subject to the satisfaction or, if permissible, waiver of such conditions) (such date, the “Closing Date”), unless another date and time is agreed to in writing by Parent and the Company.

 

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(b) On the Closing Date, the parties hereto shall cause the Merger to be consummated by filing an agreement of merger, in substantially the form attached hereto as Exhibit B, together with the related officers’ certificates required by Section 1103 of the CGCL, with the Secretary of State of the State of California in such form as required by, and executed in accordance with, the relevant provisions of the CGCL (the date and time of such filing, or such later date and time as may be specified in such filing by mutual agreement of Parent, Merger Sub and the Company, the “Effective Time”).

Section 2.03. Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws of the Surviving Corporation. As of the Effective Time, (i) the articles of incorporation of the Company shall be amended and restated in their entirety to read as the articles of incorporation of Merger Sub as in effect immediately prior to the Effective Time; provided, however, that Article I of the Articles of Incorporation of the Surviving Corporation shall be amended to read as follows: “The name of this corporation is KOR Electronics” and such amended and restated articles of incorporation shall be the articles of incorporation of the Surviving Corporation until thereafter changed or amended in accordance with the provisions thereof and applicable Legal Requirements and (ii) the bylaws of the Company shall be the bylaws of the Surviving Corporation until thereafter changed or amended in accordance with the provisions thereof and applicable Legal Requirements.

Section 2.04. Directors and Officers of the Surviving Corporation. Subject to applicable Legal Requirements, as of the Effective Time, (i) the persons named on Annex IV hereto shall be the directors of the Surviving Corporation until their respective successors are duly elected and qualified or their earlier death, resignation or removal and (ii) the officers of the Company shall be the officers of the Surviving Corporation until their respective successors are duly appointed and qualified, or their earlier death, resignation or removal.

Section 2.05. Effects of the Merger. As of the Effective Time, the Merger shall have the effects set forth in the CGCL. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, from and after the Effective Time, all the property, rights, privileges and powers of the Company and Merger Sub shall vest in the Surviving Corporation, and all claims, obligations, liabilities, debts and duties of the Company and Merger Sub shall become the claims, obligations, liabilities, debts and duties of the Surviving Corporation.

ARTICLE III

MERGER CONSIDERATION; CONVERSION OF SHARES.

Section 3.01. Conversion of Stock.

(a) At the Effective Time, each Share (other than Shares held by the Company and any Dissenting Shares) shall, by virtue of the Merger and without any action on the part of the holder thereof (any such holder, an “Eligible Holder”), be converted into and thereafter evidence the right to receive the Per Common Share Initial Merger Consideration or Per Preferred Share Initial Merger Consideration, in cash,

 

18


without interest, together with any additional portion of the Deferred Merger Consideration that becomes payable with respect to the Common Stock or Preferred Stock, as applicable, pursuant to this Agreement or the Escrow Agreement. Each Share issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time, when converted in accordance with this Section 3.01(a), shall no longer be outstanding, shall automatically be canceled and shall cease to exist.

(b) After the Effective Time, each Eligible Holder who holds certificates formerly representing Shares shall have no rights with respect to the Surviving Corporation in such Eligible Holder’s capacity as a Shareholder, except the right to receive, without interest, the Per Common Share Initial Merger Consideration or Per Preferred Share Initial Merger Consideration, in cash, without interest, upon delivery of the Shareholder Documents, together with any Deferred Merger Consideration in respect of each such Share that becomes payable pursuant to this Agreement or the Escrow Agreement.

(c) At the Effective Time, each share of common stock, with no stated par value, of Merger Sub (“Merger Sub Common Stock”) issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time shall, by virtue of the Merger and without any action on the part of Parent, be converted into and thereafter evidence one share of common stock, with no stated par value, of the Surviving Corporation.

(d) At the Effective Time, each Share held by the Company as a treasury share immediately prior to the Effective Time shall be canceled and retired and shall cease to exist, and no payment shall be made with respect thereto.

(e) At and after the Effective Time, there shall be no transfers on the share transfer books of the Company of any shares of capital stock that were outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time. If, after the Effective Time, certificates representing Shares are presented to the Surviving Corporation, they shall be canceled and exchanged as provided in this Section 3.01 and Section 3.03.

Section 3.02. Total Merger Consideration. The aggregate consideration payable with respect to the Shares (other than Dissenting Shares) and the cancellation of all other Equity Interests in the Company at Closing will be equal to an amount in cash (such aggregate consideration, the “Total Merger Consideration”) calculated as follows:

(a) $70,000,000 U.S. dollars;

(b) less the Closing Debt Amount;

(c) less the amount of any Company Transaction Expenses not otherwise paid prior to the Closing Date and prior to the calculation of Net Working Capital;

(d) plus the Closing Cash Amount;

 

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(e) plus the Net Working Capital Adjustment Amount (if Net Working Capital is greater than the Net Working Capital Target);

or

less the Net Working Capital Adjustment Amount (if Net Working Capital is less than the Net Working Capital Target).

The Total Merger Consideration shall be subject to adjustment in accordance with Section 3.05 and Article IX.

Section 3.03. Surrender of Certificates.

(a) Paying Agent. Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., or such other institution selected by Parent with the reasonable consent of the Company, shall act as payment agent (the “Paying Agent”) in the Merger.

(b) Parent to Provide Cash. Promptly (and in any event within two (2) Business Days) after the Effective Time, Parent shall deliver to the Paying Agent for payment in accordance with this Section 3.03 cash in an amount sufficient to permit payment of the aggregate Estimated Closing Date Merger Consideration, calculated pursuant to Section 3.05(b) (the “Exchange Fund”). At the Closing, Parent shall deposit the Escrow Amount and the SR Escrow Amount with the Escrow Agent pursuant to the Escrow Agreement.

(c) Exchange Procedures. Promptly after the Effective Time, Parent shall cause to be mailed to each holder of record of a certificate or certificates (the “Certificates”) that immediately prior to the Effective Time represented outstanding Shares, whose Shares were converted into the right to receive the Merger Consideration: (i) a letter of transmittal in the form attached hereto as Exhibit C (the “Letter of Transmittal”); (ii) such other customary documents as may be required pursuant to the Letter of Transmittal; (iii) instructions for use in effecting the surrender of the Certificates in exchange for the Merger Consideration. Upon surrender of a Certificate for cancellation to the Paying Agent, together with such Letter of Transmittal and such other documents, duly completed and validly executed in accordance with the instructions thereto (collectively, the “Shareholder Documents”); and (iv) in the case of the Principal Shareholders, execution and delivery of a Principal Shareholders Agreement (in the event not delivered at the Closing and the Parent elects to waive the conditions set forth in Section 7.14), the holder of such Certificate shall be entitled to receive in exchange therefor the Estimated Closing Date Merger Consideration determined in accordance with Section 3.05(b), and the Certificate so surrendered shall forthwith be canceled. Until so surrendered, each outstanding Certificate that prior to the Effective Time represented Shares will be deemed from and after the Effective Time, for all corporate purposes other than the payment of dividends. to evidence the right to receive the Merger Consideration.

 

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(d) Termination of Exchange Fund. Any portion of the Exchange Fund which remains undistributed to the Shareholders six (6) months after the Effective Time shall be delivered to Parent, upon demand, and any former Shareholders who have not previously complied with this Section 3.03 shall thereafter look only to Parent for payment of their claim for the Merger Consideration.

Section 3.04. Treatment of Options.

(a) Options. A listing of each of the Company’s stock option plans, programs and arrangements (collectively, the “Company Stock Plans”) and all outstanding Options is set forth in Section 3.04(a) of the Company Disclosure Schedule. Section 3.04(a) of the Company Disclosure Schedule also sets forth with respect to each Option the name of the Company Stock Plan under which such Option was issued, the holder thereof, the number of shares subject thereto, the exercise price thereof and the dates of scheduled vesting thereof and describes any terms thereof that require acceleration of such vesting by virtue of the Contemplated Transactions and any proposed additional vesting of such Options prior to the Effective Time. On or prior to the Closing Date, the Company Board (or an authorized committee thereof) shall take all actions necessary to ensure that all outstanding Options shall be cancelled effective as of the Effective Time. At the Closing or as soon as thereafter practicable, each holder of an outstanding Vested Option shall deliver to the Paying Agent, on behalf of the Company and Parent, an acknowledgement of such cancellation in the form of Exhibit D (each an “Option Cancellation Acknowledgement”). Effective as of the Effective Time, each optionholder who is a holder of an outstanding Vested Option, upon the delivery of such optionholder’s duly executed Option Cancellation Acknowledgement, shall become entitled to receive (i) a cash payment in an amount equal to (a) minus (b) where (a) equals (A) the excess of (x) the Per Option Gross Merger Consideration over (y) the exercise price per share of Common Stock subject to such Vested Option, multiplied by (B) the number of shares of Common Stock subject to such Vested Option for which such Option shall not theretofore have been exercised and (b) equals the sum of the Escrow Amount and SR Escrow Amount multiplied by such optionholder’s Pro Rata Escrow Percentage. For the avoidance of doubt, no consideration shall be payable hereunder in respect of the cancellation of any unvested Options or any Options having an exercise price equal to or in excess of the Per Option Gross Merger Consideration. The Company will not accelerate the vesting of any Options except as set forth in Section 3.04(a) of the Company Disclosure Schedule.

(b) Company Stock Plans. On or prior to the Closing Date, the Company Board (or an authorized committee thereof) shall take any actions necessary to ensure that the Company Stock Plans terminate as of the Effective Time (including amending such Company Stock Plans), the provisions in any other plan or agreement providing for the issuance, transfer or grant of any Equity Interests of the Company shall terminate as of the Effective Time, and no holder of an Option or any participant in any Company Stock Plan or other plan or any party to a Contractual Obligation with the Company shall have any right thereunder to acquire any Equity Interests of the Company.

 

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Section 3.05. Working Capital Adjustment.

(a) Estimated Closing Balance Sheet and Estimated Closing Statement. The Company has prepared in good faith and provided to Parent prior to the execution and delivery of this Agreement an estimated consolidated balance sheet of the Company as of the close of business on the day immediately preceding the Closing Date (as the same may be adjusted upon agreement of the Company and the Parent in response to comments of Parent and its Representatives provided to the Company prior to the Closing, the “Estimated Closing Balance Sheet”), together with a written statement setting forth in reasonable detail its good faith estimates of the Closing Debt Amount, Closing Cash Amount and Net Working Capital, each as derived from the Estimated Closing Balance Sheet, and the Company Transaction Expenses (as the same may be adjusted upon the agreement of the Company and Parent in response to comments of Parent and its Representatives provided to the Company prior to the Closing (the “Estimated Closing Statement”). The Estimated Closing Balance Sheet and the Company’s good faith estimate of Net Working Capital contained in the Estimated Closing Statement will be prepared in accordance with the Accounting Principles. Following the delivery of the Estimated Closing Balance Sheet and the Estimated Closing Statement, the Company shall provide Parent and its Representatives reasonable access to the work papers and other books and records of the Company for purposes of assisting Parent and its Representatives in their review of the Estimated Closing Balance Sheet and the Estimated Closing Statement. Prior to Closing, the parties shall cooperate in good faith to answer any questions and resolve any issues raised by Parent and its Representatives in connection with their review of the Estimated Closing Balance Sheet and the Estimated Closing Statement, but the foregoing shall not require any party to waive any of its rights under this Agreement or the Ancillary Agreements.

(b) Estimated Closing Date Merger Consideration. The Total Merger Consideration initially payable pursuant to the procedures set forth in Sections 3.03 and 3.04 (the “Estimated Closing Date Merger Consideration”) shall be calculated using the estimated Closing Debt Amount, estimated Closing Cash Amount, estimated Company Transaction Expenses and estimated Net Working Capital set forth on the Estimated Closing Statement and shall be reduced by the Escrow Amount and the SR Escrow Amount.

(c) Proposed Final Closing Balance Sheet and Proposed Final Closing Statement. As promptly as possible and in any event within sixty (60) calendar days after the Closing Date, the Company shall prepare or cause to be prepared, and will provide to the Securityholders’ Representative, a consolidated balance sheet of the Company as of the close of business on the day immediately preceding the Closing Date (the “Proposed Final Closing Balance Sheet”), together with a written statement setting forth in reasonable detail its proposed final determination of the Closing Debt Amount, the Company Transaction Expenses and Net Working Capital (the “Proposed Final Closing Statement”). The Proposed Final Closing Balance Sheet and the determination of Net Working Capital reflected on the Proposed Final Closing Statement will be prepared in accordance with the Accounting Principles. The Securityholders’ Representative and its

 

22


Representatives shall have reasonable access to the work papers and other books and records of the Company for purposes of assisting the Securityholders’ Representative and its Representatives in their review of the Proposed Final Closing Balance Sheet and the Proposed Final Closing Statement. The parties shall cooperate in good faith to answer any questions and resolve any issues raised by the Securityholders’ Representative and its Representatives in connection with their review of the Proposed Final Closing Balance Sheet and the Proposed Final Closing Statement, but the foregoing shall not require any party to waive any of its rights under this Agreement or the Ancillary Agreements.

(d) Dispute Notice. The Proposed Final Closing Balance Sheet and the Proposed Final Closing Statement (and the proposed final determinations of the Closing Debt Amount, Closing Cash Amount, the Company Transaction Expenses and Net Working Capital reflected thereon) will be final, conclusive and binding on the parties hereto unless the Securityholders’ Representative provides a written notice (a “Working Capital Dispute Notice”) to Parent no later than the twentieth (20th) Business Day after the delivery to the Securityholders’ Representative of the Proposed Final Closing Balance Sheet and the Proposed Final Closing Statement. The Securityholders’ Representative shall not be entitled to issue a Working Capital Dispute Notice or otherwise dispute any item set forth in the Proposed Final Balance Sheet or proposed Final Closing Statement except on the grounds that such matter was not prepared on the basis set forth in paragraph (c) above or contains mathematical errors. Any Working Capital Dispute Notice must set forth in reasonable detail (i) any item on the Proposed Final Closing Balance Sheet or the Proposed Final Closing Statement which the Securityholders’ Representative believes has not been prepared in accordance with this Agreement and the correct amount of such item and (ii) the Securityholders’ Representative’s alternative calculation of the Closing Debt Amount, Closing Cash Amount, the Company Transaction Expenses or Net Working Capital, as the case may be. Any item or amount to which no dispute is raised in the Working Capital Dispute Notice will be final, conclusive and binding on the parties on such twentieth (20th) Business Day.

(e) Resolution of Disputes. Parent and the Securityholder’s Representative will attempt to promptly resolve the matters raised in any Working Capital Dispute Notice in good faith. Beginning ten (10) Business Days after delivery of any Working Capital Dispute Notice pursuant to Section 3.05(d), either Parent or the Securityholders’ Representative may provide written notice to the other that it elects to submit the disputed items to Ernst & Young LLP’s Boston office (the “Accounting Firm”). The Accounting Firm will promptly, in accordance with the Commercial Arbitration Rules of the American Arbitration Association, review only those unresolved items and amounts specifically set forth and objected to in the Working Capital Dispute Notice and resolve the dispute with respect to each such specific unresolved item and amount in accordance with this Agreement. The Accounting Firm shall be instructed in writing by the Parent and the Securityholders’ Representative that the Accounting Firm must accept the Proposed Final Balance Sheet and Proposed Final Closing Statement except to the extent that any item is not calculated in accordance with paragraph (c) above or reflects mathematical errors. In any such case, a single partner of the

 

23


Accounting Firm selected by such Accounting Firm in accordance with its normal procedures and having expertise with respect to settlement of such disputes shall act for the Accounting Firm in the determination proceeding, and the Accounting Firm shall render a written decision as to each disputed matter, including a statement in reasonable detail of the basis for its decision. In no event shall the decision of the Accounting Firm (i) provide for a calculation of Net Working Capital that is less than the calculation thereof shown in the Proposed Final Closing Statement or greater than the Securityholders’ Representatives’ alternative calculation thereof shown in the Working Capital Dispute Notice or (ii) provide for a determination of any item of Debt reflected in the Closing Debt Amount or any Company Transaction Expense that is greater in amount than the amount thereof shown in the Proposed Final Closing Statement or less in amount than the Securityholders’ Representatives’ alternative calculation thereof shown in the Working Capital Dispute Notice. The fees and expenses of the Accounting Firm shall be borne equally by the Securityholders and the Company. The decision of the Accounting Firm with respect to the disputed items of the Proposed Final Closing Balance Sheet and the Proposed Final Closing Statement submitted to it will be final, conclusive and binding on the parties. As used herein, the Proposed Final Closing Balance Sheet and the Proposed Final Closing Statement, as adjusted to reflect any changes agreed to by the parties and any decision of the Accounting Firm, in each case, pursuant to this Section 3.05, are referred to herein as the “Final Closing Balance Sheet” and the “Final Closing Statement”, respectively. Each of the parties to this Agreement agrees to use its commercially reasonable efforts to cooperate with the Accounting Firm (including by executing a customary engagement letter reasonably acceptable to it) and to cause the Accounting Firm to resolve any such dispute as soon as practicable after the commencement of the Accounting Firm’s engagement.

(f) Working Capital Adjustment. If any of the Net Working Capital, the Closing Debt Amount or the Company Transaction Expenses (as finally determined pursuant to this Section 3.05 and as set forth in the Final Closing Balance Sheet and the Final Closing Statement) differs from the estimated amounts thereof set forth in the Estimated Closing Statement, the Total Merger Consideration shall be recalculated using such final figures in lieu of such estimated figures, and (i) the Company shall pay to each former holder of Common Shares (other than Dissenting Shares) and each former holder of Vested Options by wire transfer of immediately available funds its Pro Rata Common/Option Payment Percentage of the amount, if any, by which such re-calculated final Total Merger Consideration exceeds the estimated Total Merger Consideration calculated on the Estimated Closing Statement or (ii) the amount, if any, by which such estimated Total Merger Consideration calculated on the Estimated Closing Statement exceeds such re-calculated final Total Merger Consideration shall be paid to Parent from the Escrow Amount.

(g) Payments. Any payment due pursuant to Section 3.05(f) shall be made within five (5) calendar days after the final amount thereof has been determined in accordance with this Section 3.05.

 

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Section 3.06. Withholding. The Company, Parent, the Paying Agent and the Escrow Agent will be entitled to deduct and withhold from any amounts payable under this Agreement any withholding Taxes or other amounts required under the Code or any applicable Legal Requirement to be deducted and withheld. To the extent that any such amounts are so deducted or withheld and paid over to the appropriate Governmental Authority, such amounts will be treated for all purposes of this Agreement as having been paid to the Person in respect of which such deduction and withholding was made.

Section 3.07. Dissenting Shares.

(a) Notwithstanding anything in this Agreement to the contrary, Shares that are issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time, and are held by Shareholders that have not voted in favor of the Merger or consented thereto in writing and are entitled to demand and have demanded properly in writing appraisal for such Shares in accordance with Chapter 13 of the CGCL or any successor provision (such shares, the “Dissenting Shares”), shall not be converted into or represent the right to receive such Shareholder’s portion of the Total Merger Consideration as described in Section 3.03, but shall, by virtue of the Merger, be entitled to only such rights as are granted by Chapter 13 of the CGCL; provided that if any such Shareholder thereafter shall have failed to perfect or shall have effectively withdrawn or lost such Shareholder’s right to appraisal and payment under the CGCL, such Shareholder’s Shares shall be deemed to have been converted at the Effective Time into the right to receive such Shareholder’s portion of the Total Merger Consideration as described in, and subject to the surrender and delivery requirements of Section 3.03.

(b) The Company shall give Parent (i) prompt notice of any written demands received by the Company for appraisal of the Shares and withdrawals of such demands and (ii) the opportunity to participate in all negotiations and proceedings in respect of appraisal under the CGCL. The Company shall not, except with the prior written consent of Parent, or as required by applicable Legal Requirements, make any payment with respect to any demands for appraisal or offer to settle or settle any such demand.

Section 3.08. Changes in Shares . If, between the date of this Agreement and the Effective Time, the number of outstanding Shares shall have been changed into, or exchanged for, a different number of shares or a different class of shares, by reason of any share dividend, subdivision, reclassification, recapitalization, share split (including a reverse share split), combination or exchange of shares, the Per Common Share Initial Merger Consideration or Per Preferred Share Initial Merger Consideration, as applicable, shall be correspondingly adjusted to provide the Securityholders the same economic effect as contemplated by this Agreement prior to such event.

Section 3.09. Further Assurances . If, at any time before or after the Effective Time, the Company or Parent reasonably believes or is advised that any further instruments, deeds, assignments or assurances are reasonably necessary or desirable to consummate the Merger or to carry out the purpose and intent of this Agreement, then the Company, Parent and/or the

 

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Surviving Corporation shall execute and deliver, or cause to be executed and delivered, all such proper deeds, assignments, instruments and assurances and do all other things reasonably necessary or desirable to consummate the Merger and to carry out the purposes and intent of this Agreement.

ARTICLE IV

REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES REGARDING

THE COMPANY.

In order to induce Parent and Merger Sub to enter into and perform this Agreement and to consummate the Contemplated Transactions, the Company hereby represents and warrants to Parent and Merger Sub as follows as of the date of this Agreement and as of the Closing Date:

Section 4.01. Organization.

(a) The Company is a corporation duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the laws of the State of California and has full corporate power and authority to lease and operate its Real Property and to carry on the Business as it is now being conducted. The Company is duly qualified or licensed as a foreign corporation to do business, and is in good standing, in each jurisdiction in which it leases Real Property or conducts business and is required to so qualify, except where the failure to be so qualified or licensed would not individually or in the aggregate have a Material Adverse Effect. The Company has delivered or made available to Parent accurate and complete copies of the Organizational Documents of the Company.

(b) As of the date of this Agreement, Paragon Dynamics, Inc. (“PDI”) is the only Subsidiary of the Company. PDI is a corporation duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the laws of the State of Delaware, and has full corporate power and authority to lease and operate its Real Property and to carry on the Business as it is now being conducted. PDI is duly qualified or licensed as a foreign corporation to do business, and is in good standing, in each jurisdiction in which it leases Real Property or conducts business and is required to so qualify, except where the failure to be so qualified or licensed would not individually or in the aggregate have a Material Adverse Effect. The Company has delivered or made available to Parent accurate and complete copies of the Organizational Documents of PDI.

Section 4.02. Power and Authorization.

(a) Contemplated Transactions. The Company has all requisite power and authority necessary for the execution, delivery and performance by it of this Agreement and each Ancillary Agreement to which it is or will be a party. The execution, delivery and performance by the Company of this Agreement and each Ancillary Agreement to which it is or will be a party have been duly authorized by all necessary corporate action on the part of the Company, including the requisite vote of shareholders of the Company, subject only to the requirement that the Company solicit comments from all shareholders pursuant to Section 603(b) of the CGCL. This Agreement and each Ancillary Agreement to which the Company is, or will be at

 

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Closing, a party (i) have been (or, in the case of Ancillary Agreements to be entered into at Closing, will be when executed and delivered) duly executed and delivered by the Company and (ii) is (or in the case of Ancillary Agreements to be entered into at the Closing, will be when executed and delivered) a legal, valid and binding obligation of the Company, Enforceable against the Company in accordance with its terms.

(b) Conduct of Business. Each of the Company and its Subsidiaries has all requisite corporate power and authority necessary to own, lease, operate and use their respective Assets and carry on the Business.

Section 4.03. Authorization of Governmental Authorities. Except as disclosed in Section 4.03 of the Company Disclosure Schedule, no action by (including any authorization by or consent or approval of), or in respect of, or filing with, any Governmental Authority is required by or on behalf of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or in respect of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, the Business or any Assets of the Company or its Subsidiaries for, or in connection with, (a) the valid and lawful authorization, execution, delivery and performance by the Company or its Subsidiaries of this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement to which it is, or will be at Closing, a party or (b) the consummation of the Contemplated Transactions.

Section 4.04. Noncontravention. Except as disclosed in Section 4.04 of the Company Disclosure Schedule, none of the authorization, execution, delivery or performance by the Company of this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement to which it is, or will be at Closing, a party, nor the consummation of the Contemplated Transactions, will:

(a) assuming the taking of each action by (including the obtaining of each necessary authorization, consent or approval), or in respect of, and the making of all necessary filings with, Governmental Authorities, in each case, as disclosed in Section 4.03 of the Company Disclosure Schedule, conflict with or result in a breach or violation of, or constitute a default (or an event which, with notice or lapse of time or both, would constitute a default) under, any Legal Requirement applicable to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, the Business or any Assets of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries; or

(b) conflict with or result in a breach or violation of, or constitute a default (or an event which, with notice or lapse of time or both, would constitute a default) under, or result in termination of, or accelerate the performance required by, or result in a right of termination or acceleration under, or require any action by (including any authorization, consent or approval) or notice to any Person, or require any offer to purchase or prepayment of any Debt or Liability under, or result in the creation of any Encumbrance upon or forfeiture of any of the rights, properties or assets of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries under, any of the terms, conditions or provisions of (i) any Permit applicable to or otherwise affecting the Company, any of its Subsidiaries, the Business or any Assets of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, (ii) any Contractual Obligation to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is a party or by which any of them is bound, or (iii) the Organizational Documents of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

 

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Section 4.05. Capitalization of the Company.

(a) Authorized and Outstanding Equity Interests. The entire authorized capital stock (or, where applicable, other Equity Interests) of the Company is as set forth in Section 4.05(a) of the Company Disclosure Schedule. All of the outstanding Equity Interests of the Company are held of record and, to the Knowledge of the Company, are beneficially owned by the Persons in the respective amounts set forth in Section 4.05(a) of the Company Disclosure Schedule. Except as set forth in Schedule 4.05(a) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has issued or agreed to issue Equity Interests and neither holds shares of its capital stock (or other Equity Interests) in its treasury. The Company has delivered or made available to Parent accurate and complete copies of the stock ledger (or equivalent records) of the Company and each of its Subsidiaries, which records reflect all issuances, transfers, repurchases and cancellations of shares of capital stock (or other Equity Interests) of the Company and its Subsidiaries. All of the outstanding shares of capital stock (or, where applicable, other Equity Interests) of the Company and its Subsidiaries have been duly authorized and validly issued and are fully paid and non-assessable. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has violated the 1933 Act, any state “blue sky” or securities laws, any other similar Legal Requirement or any preemptive or other similar rights of any Person in connection with the issuance, repurchase or redemption of any of its Equity Interests.

(b) Encumbrances on Equity Interests, etc. The Company is the record and beneficial owner of all of the Equity Interests of its Subsidiaries, reflected in Section 4.05(b) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, and holds such Equity Interests free and clear of all Encumbrances except as disclosed in Section 4.05(b) of the Company Disclosure Schedule. Except as disclosed in Section 4.05(b) of the Company Disclosure Schedule: (i) there are no preemptive rights or other similar rights in respect of any Equity Interests in the Company or its Subsidiaries, (ii) there are no Encumbrances on, or other Contractual Obligations relating to, the ownership, transfer or voting of any Equity Interests in the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, or otherwise affecting the rights of any holder of the Equity Interests in the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, (iii) except for the Contemplated Transactions, there is no Contractual Obligation, or provision in the Organizational Documents of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries which obligates the Company or any of its Subsidiaries to purchase, redeem or otherwise acquire, or make any payment (including any dividend or distribution) in respect of, any Equity Interest in the Company or any of its Subsidiaries and (iv) there are no existing rights with respect to registration under the 1933 Act of any Equity Interests in the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

Section 4.06. Financial Matters.

(a) Financial Statements. Section 4.06(a) of the Company Disclosure Schedule contains copies of each of the following:

 

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(i) the audited consolidated balance sheets of the Company and its Subsidiaries as of January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2010 and the related statements of income and retained earnings and cash flows for the years then ended, accompanied by the independent auditors’ report of May Hoffman McCann P.C., the Company’s certified public accountants (the “Audited Financials”); and

(ii) the unaudited consolidated balance sheet of the Company and its Subsidiaries as of November 30, 2011 (the “Most Recent Balance Sheet” and the date thereof, the “Most Recent Balance Sheet Date”), and the related unaudited consolidated statements of income and cash flows of the Company and its Subsidiaries for the eleven months then ended (collectively with the Audited Financials, the “Financials”).

(b) Compliance with GAAP, etc. Except as disclosed in Section 4.06(b) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, the Financials (including any notes thereto) (i) were prepared in accordance with the books and records of the Company, (ii) have been prepared in accordance with GAAP, consistently applied (except, in the case of the Financials described in clause (a)(ii) above, that such Financials do not include all footnotes and schedules that may be required by GAAP and are subject to normal year-end adjustments, the effect of which will not, individually or in the aggregate, be materially adverse) and (iii) fairly present the consolidated financial position of the Company and its Subsidiaries as of the respective dates thereof and the consolidated results of the operations of the Company and its Subsidiaries and changes in financial position for the respective periods covered thereby.

(c) Absence of Undisclosed Liabilities. Except as disclosed in Section 4.06(c) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, the Company and its Subsidiaries do not have any material Liabilities except for (i) Liabilities set forth on the face of the Most Recent Balance Sheet and (ii) Liabilities incurred in the Ordinary Course of Business since the Most Recent Balance Sheet Date (none of which results from, arises out of, or relates to any breach or violation of, or default under, a Contractual Obligation or Legal Requirement).

(d) Accounts Receivable. All accounts and notes receivable reflected on the Most Recent Balance Sheet and all accounts and notes receivable arising subsequent to the Most Recent Balance Sheet Date and prior to the Closing Date that will be reflected in the Final Closing Balance Sheet, have arisen or will arise in the Ordinary Course of Business of the Company and its Subsidiaries, represent or will represent legal, valid, binding and Enforceable obligations owed to the Company or one of its Subsidiaries and, subject only to consistently recorded reserves for bad debts set forth on the Most Recent Balance Sheet or Final Closing Balance Sheet have been, or will be, collected or are, or will be, collectible in the aggregate recorded amounts thereof in accordance with their terms and, to the Company’s Knowledge, will not be subject to any contests, claims, counterclaims or setoffs.

 

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(e) Inventory. All inventory of the Company and its Subsidiaries is of a quality usable and salable in the Ordinary Course of Business of the Company and its Subsidiaries, except for obsolete items and items of below-standard quality, all of which have been or will be, as applicable, written off or written down to net realizable value in the Most Recent Balance Sheet and on the Final Closing Balance Sheet. All inventories not written off have been priced at the lower of cost or market on a first in, first out basis. The quantities of each item of inventory (whether raw materials, work-in-process, or finished goods) are not excessive, but are reasonable in the present circumstances of the Company and its Subsidiaries, except for items of excess inventory which have been or will be, as applicable, written off or written down to reasonable quantities in the Most Recent Balance Sheet and the Final Closing Balance Sheet.

(f) Banking Facilities. Section 4.06(f) of the Company Disclosure Schedule sets forth an accurate and complete list as of the date of this Agreement of (i) each bank, savings and loan or similar financial institution with which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries has an account or safety deposit box or other similar arrangement, and any numbers or other identifying codes of such accounts, safety deposit boxes or such other arrangements maintained by the Company or its Subsidiaries thereat, and (ii) the names of all Persons authorized to draw on any such account or to have access to any such safety deposit box facility or such other arrangement.

Section 4.07. Absence of Certain Developments. From December 31, 2010 through the date of this Agreement, except as disclosed in Section 4.07 of the Company Disclosure Schedule, (a) no event, change, fact, condition or circumstance has occurred or arisen that has had, or would reasonably be expected to have, a Material Adverse Effect, and (b) the Business has been conducted in all material respects in the Ordinary Course of Business of the Company and its Subsidiaries and (c) neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has suffered any loss, damage, destruction or eminent domain taking, whether or not covered by insurance, with respect to any of its material Assets or the Business.

Section 4.08. Debt; Guarantees. Neither the Company nor its Subsidiaries has Liabilities in respect of Debt except as set forth in Section 4.08 of the Company Disclosure Schedule. For each item of Debt, Section 4.08 of the Company Disclosure Schedule correctly sets forth the debtor, the Contractual Obligations governing the Debt, the principal amount of the Debt as of the date of this Agreement, the creditor, the maturity date, and the collateral, if any, securing the Debt (and all Contractual Obligations governing all related Encumbrances). Except as set forth in Section 4.08 of the Company Disclosure Schedule, neither the Company nor its Subsidiaries has any Liability in respect of a Guarantee of any Debt or other Liability of any other Person.

Section 4.09. Assets.

(a) Ownership of Assets. The Company and each of its Subsidiaries has good and marketable title to, or, in the case of property held under a lease or other Contractual Obligation, a sole and exclusive, Enforceable leasehold interest in, or adequate rights to use, all of its properties, rights and assets, whether real or personal and whether tangible or intangible, including all Assets reflected in the Most Recent Balance Sheet or acquired after the Most Recent Balance Sheet Date, except for such Assets that

 

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have been sold or otherwise disposed of since the Most Recent Balance Sheet Date in the Ordinary Course of Business (collectively, the “Assets”). Except as disclosed in Section 4.09(a) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, none of the Assets is subject to any Encumbrance other than a Permitted Encumbrance.

(b) Sufficiency of Assets. The Assets comprise all of the assets, properties and rights of every type and description, whether real or personal, tangible or intangible, that are used in or necessary to the conduct of the Business and are adequate to conduct the Business as currently being conducted by the Company and its Subsidiaries.

(c) Condition of Tangible Assets. All of the material fixtures and other material improvements to the Real Property included in the Assets (including any Facilities) and all of the material tangible personal property other than inventory included in the Assets (i) are in all material respects adequate and suitable for their present uses, (ii) are in good working order, operating condition and state of repair (ordinary wear and tear excepted), and (iii) have been maintained in all material respects in accordance with normal industry practice.

(d) Investments. Except as set forth in Section 4.09(d) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, neither the Company nor its Subsidiaries (i) controls, directly or indirectly, or owns any direct or indirect Equity Interest in any Person that is not a Subsidiary of the Company or (ii) is subject to any obligation to make any investment (in the form of a loan, capital contribution or otherwise) in any Person.

Section 4.10. Real Property.

(a) Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries owns, or has ever owned, any real property. Section 4.10(a) of the Company Disclosure Schedule sets forth a list of the addresses of all real property leased, subleased or licensed by, or for which a right to use or occupy has been granted to, the Company or its Subsidiaries (the “Real Property”). Section 4.10(a) of the Company Disclosure Schedule also identifies with respect to each Real Property, each lease, sublease, license or other Contractual Obligation under which such Real Property is occupied or used including the date of and legal name of each of the parties to such lease, sublease, license or other Contractual Obligation, and each amendment, modification or supplement thereto (the “Real Property Leases”).

(b) Except as set forth in Section 4.10(b) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, there are no written or oral leases, subleases, licenses, concessions, occupancy agreements or other Contractual Obligations granting to any Person other than the Company and its Subsidiaries the right of use or occupancy of any of the Real Property and there is no Person other than the Company and its Subsidiaries in possession of any of the Real Property. With respect to each Real Property Lease that is a sublease, to the Company’s Knowledge, the representations and warranties in this Section 4.10(b) and Sections 4.16(b) and 4.16(c) are true and correct with respect to the underlying lease.

 

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(c) The Company has delivered or made available to Parent accurate and complete copies of the Real Property Leases, in each case as amended or otherwise modified and in effect, together with extension notices and other material correspondence, lease summaries, notices or memoranda of lease, estoppel certificates and subordination, non-disturbance and attornment agreements related thereto.

(d) No eminent domain or condemnation Action is pending or, to the Company’s Knowledge, threatened, that would preclude or materially impair the use of any Real Property. To the Company’s Knowledge, the current use of the Real Property by the Company and its Subsidiaries does not violate in any material respect any restrictive covenant of record that affects any of the Real Property.

(e) Each Facility is supplied with utilities and other services necessary for the operation of such Facility as the same is currently operated, all of which utilities and other services are provided via public roads or via permanent, irrevocable appurtenant easements benefiting the parcel of Real Property. Each parcel of Real Property abuts on, and has direct vehicular access to, a public road, or has access to a public road via a permanent, irrevocable appurtenant easement benefiting the parcel of Real Property, in each case, to the extent necessary for the conduct of the Business as currently conducted.

Section 4.11. Intellectual Property.

(a) Company IP. Except as disclosed in Section 4.11(a) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, the Company or its Subsidiaries (i) exclusively own the entire right, title and interest in and to all Owned Intellectual Property Rights free and clear of all Encumbrances (other than Permitted Encumbrances), and (ii) has the right to use all Licensed Intellectual Property Rights free and clear of all Encumbrances (other than Permitted Encumbrances and the covenants, conditions and restrictions under which such Licensed Intellectual Property is licensed). Except, with respect to the Company Intellectual Property Rights licensed (A) to the Company and/or its Subsidiaries under the Inbound IP Contracts identified in Section 4.11(d) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, or (B) by the Company and/or its Subsidiaries under the Outbound IP Contracts identified in Section 4.11(d) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, in each case, to the extent provided in such IP Contracts, none of the Company Intellectual Property Rights is in the possession, custody, or control of any Person other than the Company or its Subsidiaries.

(b) Infringement. Except as disclosed in Section 4.11(b) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, (i) the conduct of the Business as currently conducted and/or the manufacture, use, sale, offer for sale, promotion, marketing, distribution, export or import of the Company Products has not infringed upon, misappropriated, or otherwise violated any Intellectual Property Rights of any Person and is not currently doing so in any manner, and (ii) neither the Company nor its Subsidiaries has (A) received any charge, complaint, claim, demand, or notice alleging interference, infringement, misappropriation, or other violation of the Intellectual Property Rights of any Person (including any offers to license or request or demand to refrain from using

 

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any Intellectual Property Rights of any Person in connection with the conduct of the Business as currently conducted and/or the manufacture, use, sale, offer for sale, promotion, marketing, distribution, export or import of the Company Products), or (B) agreed to or has any Contractual Obligation to indemnify any Person for or against any interference, infringement, misappropriation, or other violation with respect to any Intellectual Property Rights, except as provided in the Outbound IP Contracts. Except as disclosed in Section 4.11(b) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, to the Company’s Knowledge, no Person has infringed upon, misappropriated, or otherwise violated any Company Intellectual Property Rights.

(c) Scheduled Intellectual Property Rights. Section 4.11(c) of the Company Disclosure Schedule contains a complete and accurate list of all patents and patent applications (whether pending or in the process of preparation), registered trademarks, applications for trademark registration, registered copyrights, applications for copyright registrations, and domain names owned by or licensed to the Company and/or its Subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company Registrations”). Section 4.11(c) of the Company Disclosure Schedule also identifies (i) each unregistered trademark, service mark, trade name, brand name, slogan or trade dress, (ii) each unregistered copyright, and (iii) a general description of the trade secrets and Company Products, in each case that is owned by or licensed to the Company and/or its Subsidiaries that, in each case, is material to the Business as currently conducted. For purposes of this Agreement, all items listed in Section 4.11(c) of the Company Disclosure Schedule shall be called “Scheduled Intellectual Property Rights”. Section 4.11(c) of the Company Disclosure Schedule specifically identifies those items of Scheduled Intellectual Property Rights that are licensed to the Company and/or its Subsidiaries, including the identification of the IP Contract pursuant to which each such Intellectual Property Right is licensed. For each of the Company Registrations, Section 4.11(c) of the Company Disclosure Schedule includes the following information: (i) for each patent and patent application, the title, patent number or application serial number, jurisdiction, filing date, date issued (if applicable), inventors, owner of record, and present status thereof; (ii) for each registered trademark and trademark application, the trademark, application serial number or registration number, jurisdiction, filing date, registration date (if applicable), class of goods or services covered, description of goods or services, owner of record, and present status thereof; (iii) for each domain name, the registration date, any renewal date, owner of record, and name of the registrar; (iv) for each copyright registration and copyright application, the title of the work, number and date of such registration or application, owner of record, and jurisdiction; and (v) any actions that must be taken within ninety (90) days after the date hereof for the purposes of obtaining, maintaining, perfecting, preserving, or renewing any Company Registrations, including the payment of any registration, maintenance, or renewal fees or the filing of any responses to office actions, documents, applications, or certificates. Each of the Company Registrations (other than applications) that is owned by the Company and/or its Subsidiaries and, to the Company’s Knowledge, each of the Company Registrations (other than applications) that is licensed to the Company and/or its Subsidiaries is valid, subsisting, and enforceable.

 

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(d) IP Contracts. Section 4.11(d) of the Company Disclosure Schedule identifies under separate headings each Contractual Obligation, whether written or oral, (i) under which the Company and/or its Subsidiaries uses or licenses Licensed Intellectual Property Rights that any Person except the Company or its Subsidiaries owns (other than licenses for generally available off-the-shelf software) (the “Inbound IP Contracts”), (ii) under which the Company and/or its Subsidiaries has granted any Person any right or interest in any Company Intellectual Property Rights (the “Outbound IP Contracts”), and (iii) that otherwise materially affects the Company’s and/or its Subsidiaries’ use of or ownership rights in the Company Intellectual Property Rights (including settlement agreements and covenants not to sue) (such Contractual Obligations, together with the Inbound IP Contracts and Outbound IP Contracts, the “IP Contracts”). Except as provided in the Inbound IP Contracts, or as otherwise disclosed in Section 4.11(d) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, the Company and/or its Subsidiaries do not, as of the Closing Date, owe any royalties or other payments to any Person for the use of any Company Intellectual Property Rights or the manufacture, use, sale, offer for sale, marketing, promotion and/or distribution of any Company Products. The Company has delivered or made available to Parent accurate and complete copies of each of the IP Contracts (or, where an IP Contract is an oral agreement, an accurate and complete written description of such IP Contract), in each case, as amended or otherwise modified and in effect.

(e) Title to Company Intellectual Property Rights. Except as disclosed in Section 4.11(e) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, with respect to (i) each item of Owned Intellectual Property Rights, and (B) to the Company’s Knowledge, each item of Licensed Intellectual Property Rights licensed to the Company and/or its Subsidiaries, such item or right is not subject to any outstanding Government Order specific to such Company Intellectual Property Rights, and no Action (including any opposition, interference, or re-examination) is pending or to the Company’s Knowledge, threatened, which challenges the legality, validity, enforceability, use, or ownership of such right or item, other than routine office actions of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office pertaining to Company Registrations.

(f) Sufficiency. The Company Intellectual Property Rights include all of the Intellectual Property Rights necessary to or used in the conduct of the Business including the development, manufacturing, sale and import of products, and there are no other Intellectual Property Rights that are material to the conduct of the Business.

(g) Confidentiality and Invention Assignments. The Company and its Subsidiaries have maintained commercially reasonable practices to protect the confidentiality of the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ confidential information and trade secrets and, except as disclosed in Section 4.11(g) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, has required all current and former employees and other Persons with access to the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ confidential information and/or trade secrets to execute Enforceable Contractual Obligations requiring them to maintain the confidentiality of such information and/or trade secrets and use such information and/or trade secrets only for the benefit of the Company and/or its Subsidiaries. All current and former employees

 

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and contractors of the Company and its Subsidiaries who contributed to the creation or development of the Company Products and/or the Company Intellectual Property have executed Contractual Obligations that assign to the Company and its Subsidiaries all of such Person’s Intellectual Property Rights in such contribution.

(h) Open Source Software. Section 4.11(h) of the Company Disclosure Schedule lists all Publicly Available Software contained in or used by the Company and/or its Subsidiaries in the development of Company Products or any product or service of the Company and/or its Subsidiaries and describes (i) the applicable software name and version number, (ii) the licensor, (iii) the license under which such code was obtained, (iv) whether (and if so, how) such code was modified by or for the Company and/or its Subsidiaries, (v) whether (and, if so, how) such code was distributed by or for the Company and/or its Subsidiaries, and (vi) how such code is integrated with or interacts with any other software. Except as disclosed in Section 4.11(h) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, none of the Company Products constitute, contain, or are distributed by the Company and/or its Subsidiaries together with Publicly Available Software, and none of the Company Products are subject to any IP Contract or other Contractual Obligation of any Publicly Available Software that would require the Company and/or its Subsidiaries to divulge to any Person any source code or trade secret that is part of the Company Products or to grant, or purport to grant, to any Person, any rights or immunities under the Owned Intellectual Property Rights or to any Licensed Intellectual Property Rights in a manner which would exceed or violate the Company’s or its Subsidiaries’ license to such Licensed Intellectual Property Rights.

(i) Privacy and Data Security. The Company’s and/or its Subsidiaries’ use and dissemination of any personally-identifiable information concerning individuals is in compliance in all material respects with all applicable privacy policies, terms of use, Legal Requirements, and Contractual Obligations applicable to the Company and/or its Subsidiaries’ or to which the Company and/or its Subsidiaries are bound. Except as described in Section 4.11(i) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, the Company and its Subsidiaries maintain policies and procedures regarding data security and privacy and maintain administrative, technical, and physical safeguards that are commercially reasonable and, in any event, in compliance in all material respects with all applicable Legal Requirements and Contractual Obligations applicable to the Company and/or its Subsidiaries or to which the Company and/or its Subsidiaries are bound. To the Company’s Knowledge, there have been no security breaches relating to, or violations of any security policy regarding, or any unauthorized access of, any data or information used by the Company and/or its Subsidiaries. The Contemplated Transactions will not, as of the Closing, violate in any material respect any privacy policy, terms of use, Legal Requirements or Contractual Obligations relating to the use, dissemination, or transfer of any data or information.

Section 4.12. Legal Compliance; Illegal Payments; Permits.

(a) Legal Compliance. Except as disclosed in Section 4.12(a) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is in any material respect, in breach or violation of, or default under, its Organizational Documents or any Legal Requirement.

 

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(b) Illegal Payments, Foreign Corrupt Practices Act etc. In the conduct of the Business, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries nor any of their Representatives (insofar as it relates to their services on behalf of the Company or its Subsidiaries), has (i) directly or indirectly, given, or agreed to give, any illegal gift, contribution, payment or similar benefit to any supplier, customer, governmental official or employee or other Person who was, is or may be in a position to help or hinder the Company or any of its Subsidiaries (or assist in connection with any actual or proposed transaction) or made, or agreed to make, any illegal contribution, or reimbursed any illegal political gift or contribution made by any other Person, to any candidate for federal, state, local or foreign public office or (ii) established or maintained any unrecorded fund or asset or made any false entries on any books or records for any purpose. Without limiting the foregoing, the Company and each of its Subsidiaries and, to the Company’s Knowledge, each of their Representatives, has complied with and is in compliance with, and none of them has taken any action that has violated or would reasonably be expected to result in a failure to comply with or a violation of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended, and the rules and regulations thereunder, the OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Transactions, dated 21 November 1977, any other Legal Requirements that prohibit commercial bribery, domestic corruption or money laundering, and the standards established by the Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering. The books and records of the Company and the Subsidiaries have been and are maintained in compliance, in all material respects, with the applicable requirements of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended, and the rules and regulations thereunder.

(c) Permits. The Company and its Subsidiaries have been duly granted all material Permits necessary for the conduct of the Business by it and the ownership use and operation of its Assets. Section 4.12(c) of the Company Disclosure Schedule describes each material Permit affecting, or relating to, the Assets or the Business together with the Governmental Authority responsible for issuing such Permit. Except as disclosed in Section 4.12(c) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, (i) the Permits listed or required to be listed thereon are valid and in full force and effect, (ii) neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is, in any material respect, in breach or violation of, or default under, any such material Permit and (iii) to the Company’s Knowledge, no fact, situation, circumstance, condition or other basis exists which, with notice or lapse of time or both, would constitute a material breach, violation or default under such Permit or give any Governmental Authority grounds to suspend, revoke or terminate any such Permit.

Section 4.13. Tax Matters.

(a) The Company and its Subsidiaries have timely filed, or have caused to be timely filed on their behalf, all Tax Returns required to be filed by them in accordance with all Legal Requirements. All such Tax Returns are true, correct and

 

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complete in all material respects. All Taxes owed by the Company and its Subsidiaries (whether or not shown on any Tax Return) have been timely paid in full. No claim has ever been made by a Governmental Authority in a jurisdiction where the Company or its Subsidiaries do not file Tax Returns that the Company or its Subsidiaries are or may be subject to taxation by that jurisdiction, and, to the Company’s Knowledge, there is no basis for any such claim to be made. There are no Encumbrances with respect to Taxes upon any Asset other than Permitted Encumbrances for current Taxes not yet delinquent.

(b) The Company and its Subsidiaries have collected, deducted, withheld and timely paid to the appropriate Governmental Authority all Taxes required to be collected, deducted, withheld or paid to a Governmental Authority and the Company and its Subsidiaries have complied with all reporting and recordkeeping requirements in respect thereto.

(c) No Action relating to any Taxes of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is currently in progress. There is no pending, or to the Company’s Knowledge threatened, claim or Action concerning any Tax Liability of the Company or its Subsidiaries. The Company has delivered or made available to Parent accurate and complete copies of all income Tax Returns and other material Tax Returns, and all examination reports, and statements of deficiencies filed, assessed against, or agreed to by the Company and its Subsidiaries since December 31, 2006.

(d) Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has waived any statute of limitations in respect of Taxes or agreed to any extension of time with respect to a Tax assessment or deficiency, which waivers or extensions are currently in effect. Except as described in Section 4.13(d) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has executed any power of attorney with respect to any Tax, other than powers of attorney that are no longer in force. No closing agreements, private letter rulings, technical advice memoranda or similar agreements or rulings relating to Taxes have been entered into or issued by any Governmental Authority with or in respect of the Company or its Subsidiaries.

(e) The unpaid Taxes of the Company and its Subsidiaries (i) did not as of the Most Recent Balance Sheet Date exceed the reserve for Taxes (excluding any reserve for deferred Taxes established to reflect timing differences between book and Tax income) set forth on the face of the Most Recent Balance Sheet (rather than in any notes thereto) and (ii) will not, as of the Closing Date, exceed that reserve as adjusted for the passage of time through the Closing Date in accordance with the past custom and practice of the Company in filing its Tax Returns.

(f) Except as disclosed in Section 4.13(f) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has made any payments, or is or has been a party to any Contractual Obligation that could result in it making payments, separately or in the aggregate, of any “excess parachute payment” within the meaning of Code Section 280G (or any corresponding provisions of state, local or foreign Tax law) or that were or would not be deductible under Code Sections 162 or 404.

 

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(g) Except as described in Section 4.13(g) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries have ever been a member of an “affiliated group” within the meaning of Code Section 1504(a) filing a consolidated federal income Tax Return, other than an affiliated group the common parent of which is the Company. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is a party to any Contractual Obligation relating to Tax sharing or Tax allocation, other than commercial agreements the principal purpose of which is unrelated to Taxes and which were entered into in the Ordinary Course of Business. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has Liability for the Taxes of any Person (other than the Company or any of its Subsidiaries) under Treasury Regulation 1.1502-6 (or any similar provision of state, local or foreign law), as a transferee or successor, by contract or otherwise.

(h) Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has filed a consent under Code Section 341(f).

(i) Except as described in Section 4.13(i) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is or has been required to make any adjustment pursuant to Code Section 481(a) (or any predecessor provision) or any similar provision of state, local or foreign Tax law by reason of any change in any accounting methods, and there is no application pending with any Governmental Authority requesting permission for any changes in any of its accounting methods for Tax purposes. To the Company’s Knowledge, no Governmental Authority has proposed any such adjustment or change in accounting method of the Company or its Subsidiaries.

(j) Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries will be required to include any amount in taxable income or exclude any item of deduction or loss from taxable income for any taxable period (or portion thereof) ending after the Closing Date as a result of (i) any “closing agreement” as described in Code Section 7121 (or any corresponding or similar provision of state, local or foreign Income Tax law) executed on or prior to the Closing Date, (ii) any deferred intercompany gain or excess loss account described in Treasury Regulations under Code Section 1502 (or any corresponding or similar provision or administrative rule of federal, state, local or foreign income Tax law), (iii) installment sale or open transaction disposition made on or prior to the Closing Date, (iv) any prepaid amount received on or prior to the Closing Date, or (v) a deferral of election made on or prior to the Closing Date with respect to any cancellation of indebtedness income.

(k) Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has been either a “distributing corporation” or a “controlled corporation” in a distribution in which the parties to such distribution treated the distribution as one to which Section 355 of the Code is applicable.

(l) Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has been a United States real property holding corporation within the meaning of Section 897(c)(2) of the Code during the applicable period specified in Section 897(c)(l)(A)(ii) of the Code.

 

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(m) Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has engaged in any transaction that could give rise to (i) a reporting obligation under Section 6111 of the Code or the regulations thereunder, (ii) a list maintenance obligation under Section 6112 of the Code or the regulations thereunder, (iii) a disclosure obligation of a “reportable transaction” under Section 6011 of the Code and the regulations thereunder, or (iv) any similar obligation under any predecessor or successor law or regulation or comparable provision of state or local law.

Section 4.14. Employee Benefit Plans.

(a) Section 4.14(a) of the Company Disclosure Schedule lists all Employee Plans which the Company and its Subsidiaries sponsor or maintain, or to which the Company and its Subsidiaries contribute or are obligated to contribute, or in respect of which the Company or its or any of its Subsidiaries has or may have any Liability (including but not limited to by reason of being or having been treated as a single employer with any other Person under Section 414 of the Code or Section 4001(b) of ERISA (an “ERISA Affiliate”), or which benefits any current or former employee, director, consultant or independent contractor of the Company, its Subsidiaries, or the beneficiaries or dependents of any such Person (each a “Company Plan”). With respect to each Company Plan, each of the Company and its Subsidiaries has delivered or made available to Parent accurate and complete copies of each of the following: (i) if the plan has been reduced to writing, the plan document together with all amendments thereto, (ii) if the plan has not been reduced to writing, a written summary of all material plan terms, (iii) if applicable, any trust agreements, custodial agreements, insurance policies or material contracts, material administrative agreements and similar agreements, and investment management or investment advisory agreements, (iv) any summary plan descriptions, employee handbooks or similar material employee communications, (v) in the case of any plan that is intended to be qualified under Code Section 401(a), the most recent determination letter from the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) and any related material correspondence with the IRS, and any pending request for determination with respect to the plan’s qualification, (vi) in the case of any funding arrangement intended to qualify as a VEBA under Code Section 501(c)(9), the IRS letter determining that it so qualifies, (vii) in the case of any plan for which Forms 5500 are required to be filed, the three most recently filed Forms 5500, with schedules attached, (viii) any notices, letters or other correspondence from the IRS or the Department of Labor relating to such Company Plan, and (ix) any written policies or procedures used in and material to the administration of such Company Plan.

(b) Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries, nor any ERISA Affiliate of the Company or its Subsidiaries has ever maintained or contributed to or incurred any Liability in respect of a plan subject to Title IV of ERISA or Code Section 412, including any “multiemployer plan” as defined in Section 4001(a)(8) of ERISA, and no condition exists that presents a material risk to the Company of incurring a material liability under Title IV of ERISA or Section 412 or Section 430 of the Code.

 

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(c) Each Company Plan that is intended to be qualified under Code Section 401(a) is so qualified. Each Company Plan, including any associated trust or fund, has been administered in all material respects in accordance with its terms and any applicable collective bargaining agreements and with applicable Legal Requirements, and, nothing has occurred with respect to any Company Plan that has subjected or could reasonably be expected to subject the Company to a penalty under Section 502 of ERISA or to an excise tax under the Code, or that has subjected or could reasonably be expected to subject any participant in, or beneficiary of, a Company Plan to a tax under Code Section 4973. Each Company Plan that is a qualified defined contribution plan has been administered in all material respects as, and is intended to be, an “ERISA section 404(c) Plan” within the meaning of Department of Labor regulations section 2550.404c-1(b).

(d) All required contributions to, and premium payments on account of, each Company Plan have been made on a timely basis, as applied through the Closing Date. The fair market value of the assets of each Company Plan for which a separate fund of assets is or is required to be maintained, as of the end of the most recently ended plan year of that Plan, equals or exceeds the present value of all benefits liabilities under that Plan. None of the assets of any Company Plan include any capital stock or other securities issued by the Company or its Subsidiaries or any ERISA Affiliate of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

(e) There is no pending or, to the Company’s Knowledge, threatened Action or other legal proceeding relating to a Company Plan or any fiduciary or service provider thereof, other than routine claims in the Ordinary Course of Business for benefits provided for by the Company Plans, and to the Knowledge of the Company there is no basis for any such Action or legal proceeding. No Company Plan is or, within the last six years, has been the subject of an examination or audit by a Governmental Authority, is the subject of an application or filing under, or is a participant in, a government-sponsored amnesty, voluntary compliance, self-correction or similar program.

(f) Except as required under Section 601 et seq. of ERISA or applicable state insurance laws, no Company Plan provides benefits or coverage in the nature of health, life or disability insurance following retirement or other termination of employment.

(g) The exercise price of each Option is not less than the fair market value of a share of Common Stock determined on the date of grant of such Option (and as of any later modification thereof within the meaning of Section 409A of the Code). Each “nonqualified deferred compensation plan” (as defined in Code Section 409A(d)(1) and applicable regulations) with respect to any service provider to the Company (i) complies and has been operated in compliance in all material respects with the requirements of Code Section 409A and regulations promulgated thereunder, or (ii) is exempt from compliance under the “grandfather” provisions of IRS Notice 2005-1 and applicable regulations and has not been “materially modified” (within the meaning of IRS Notice 2005-1 and Treasury Regulations §1.409A-6(a)(4)) subsequent to October 3, 2004.

 

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(h) Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has undertaken to maintain any Company Plan for any period of time, and each Company Plan and any related contracts may be amended or terminated without penalty other than the payment of benefits, fees or charges accrued or incurred through the date of termination. No communication, report or disclosure has been made which, at the time made, did not accurately reflect the material terms and operations of any Company Plan. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has announced its intention, or undertaken (whether or not legally bound) to modify or terminate any Company Plan or adopt any arrangement or program which, once established, would come within the definition of Company Plan.

(i) With respect to each Company Plan that is subject to Legal Requirements of a jurisdiction outside the United States, each such plan required to be registered has been registered and is in good standing with applicable Governmental Authorities, all contributions required to be made to or in connection with each such plan have been made and each such plan has been established and administered in accordance with its terms and all applicable Legal Requirements.

(j) Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has Liability, including under any Company Plan, arising out of the treatment of any service provider as a consultant or independent contractor and not as an employee, or vice-versa.

(k) The execution and delivery of this Agreement and the consummation of the Contemplated Transactions will not, by itself or in combination with any other event (regardless of whether that other event has or will occur), result in any payment (whether of severance pay or otherwise) becoming due from or under any Company Plan to any current or former director, officer, consultant or employee of the Company or result in the vesting, acceleration of payment, or increases in the amount of any benefit payable to or in respect of any such current or former director, officer, consultant or employee.

Section 4.15. Environmental Matters. Except as set forth in Section 4.15 of the Company Disclosure Schedule, (a) each of the Company and its Subsidiaries is, and has been, in compliance in all material respects with all Environmental Laws, (b) there has been no release or threatened release of any material amount of any Hazardous Substance on, upon, into or from any site currently or heretofore owned, leased or otherwise operated or used by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, (c) there have been no Hazardous Substances generated by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries that have been disposed of or come to rest at any site that has been included in any published U.S. federal, state or local “superfund” site list or any other similar list of hazardous or toxic waste sites published by any Governmental Authority in the United States, (d) there are no underground storage tanks located on, no PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls) or PCB-containing equipment used or stored on, and no hazardous waste as defined by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act stored on, any site owned or operated by the Company, except for the storage of hazardous waste in compliance with Environmental Laws and (e) the Company has delivered or made available to Parent accurate and complete copies of all material environmental records, reports, notifications, certificates of need, permits, pending permit applications, correspondence, engineering studies, and environmental studies or assessments for the Company and any of its Subsidiaries, in each case as amended and in effect.

 

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Section 4.16. Contracts.

(a) Contracts. Except as disclosed in the applicable subsection in Section 4.16 of the Company Disclosure Schedule (which is arranged in subsections numbered (i) to (xiv) to correspond to the subsections of this Section 4.16(a)), neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is bound by or a party to:

(i) any Contractual Obligation (or group of related Contractual Obligations) for the purchase, sale, construction, repair or maintenance of inventory, raw materials, commodities, supplies, goods, products, equipment or other property, or for the furnishing or receipt of services, in each case, the performance of which will extend over a period of more than one year or which provides for (or would be reasonably expected to involve) annual payments to or by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in excess of $100,000 or aggregate payments to or by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in excess of $250,000;

(ii) any Contractual Obligation relating to the acquisition or disposition by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries of (A) any business (whether by merger, consolidation or other business combination, sale of securities, sale of assets or otherwise) or (B) any material Asset (other than in the Ordinary Course of Business of the Company and its Subsidiaries);

(iii) any Contractual Obligation concerning or consisting of a partnership, limited liability company, joint venture or similar agreement;

(iv) any Contractual Obligation under which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries has permitted any Asset to become Encumbered (other than by a Permitted Encumbrance);

(v) any Contractual Obligation (A) under which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries has created, incurred, assumed or guaranteed any Debt or (B) under which any other Person has guaranteed any Debt of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries;

(vi) any Contractual Obligation containing covenants that in any way purport to (A) restrict any business activity (including the solicitation, hiring or engagement of any Person or the solicitation of any customer) of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or any Affiliate thereof or (B) limit the freedom of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or any Affiliate thereof to engage in any line of business or compete with any Person;

(vii) any Contractual Obligation under which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is, or may become, obligated to incur any severance pay or Compensation obligations that would become payable by reason of this Agreement or the Contemplated Transactions;

 

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(viii) any Contractual Obligation under which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is, or may, have any Liability to any investment bank, broker, financial advisor, finder or other similar Person (including an obligation to pay any legal, accounting, brokerage, finder’s, or similar fees or expenses) in connection with this Agreement or the Contemplated Transactions;

(ix) any Contractual Obligation providing for the employment or consultancy of any Person on a full-time, part-time, consulting or other basis or otherwise providing Compensation or other benefits to any officer, director, employee or consultant (other than a Company Plan);

(x) any material agency, dealer, distributor, sales representative, marketing or other similar Contractual Obligation;

(xi) any outstanding general or special powers of attorney executed by or on behalf of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries;

(xii) any Contractual Obligation, other than Real Property Leases relating to the lease or license of any Asset, including Company Products and Intellectual Property Rights (and including all customer license and maintenance agreements) that is not included in Section 4.11(d) of the Company Disclosure Schedule;

(xiii) any Contractual Obligation under which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries has advanced or loaned an amount to any of its Affiliates or employees other than in the Ordinary Course of Business; and

(xiv) any other Contractual Obligation between the Company and any of its Subsidiaries, on the one hand, and any Securityholder (or Affiliate or Family Member thereof), on the other hand, that will continue in effect after the Closing.

The Company has delivered or made available to Parent accurate and complete copies of each written Contractual Obligation listed in Section 4.16 of the Company Disclosure Schedule, in each case, as amended or otherwise modified and in effect. The Company has delivered or made available to Parent a written summary setting forth all of the material terms and conditions of each oral Contractual Obligation listed in Section 4.16 of the Company Disclosure Schedule.

(b) Enforceability, etc. Each Contractual Obligation required to be disclosed in Section 4.10(a) (Real Property), Section 4.11(d) (IP Contracts), Section 4.14 (Employee Benefit Plans), Section 4.16 (Contracts), Section 4.17 (Government Contracts) Section 4.19 (Customers or Suppliers) or Section 4.22 (Insurance) of the Company Disclosure Schedule (each, a “Material Company Contract”) is Enforceable against the Company and, to the Knowledge of the Company, each other party to such Contractual Obligation, and is in full force and effect, and, subject to obtaining any necessary consents disclosed in Sections 4.03 and 4.04 of the Company Disclosure Schedule, will continue to be so Enforceable and in full force and effect on identical terms following the consummation of the Contemplated Transactions.

 

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(c) Breach, etc. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries, nor, to the Company’s Knowledge, any other party to any Material Company Contract is in material breach or violation of, or default under, or has repudiated any material provision of, any Material Company Contract.

Section 4.17. Government Contracts.

(a) Except as described in Section 4.17(a) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, neither the United States Government nor any prime contractor, subcontractor or other Person has notified the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in writing (which written notification is still outstanding and has not been canceled, withdrawn or resolved) that the Company or any of its Subsidiaries have in any material respect breached or violated any Legal Requirement, certification, representation, clause, provision or requirement pertaining to a Government Contract or Government Subcontract, and all material facts set forth or acknowledged by any such representations or certifications submitted by or on behalf of the Company in connection with a Government Contract or Government Subcontract were current, accurate and complete in all material respects on the date of submission.

(b) Except as set forth in Section 4.17(b) of the Company Disclosure Schedule:

(i) (A) each of the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ Government Contracts and Government Subcontracts were legally awarded and (B) no Government Contract is the subject of bid or award protest proceedings as of the date of this Agreement;

(ii) neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has received any written notice of termination for convenience, notice of termination for default, notice of breach, cure notice or show cause notice pertaining to a Government Contract or Government Subcontract, and no event, condition or omission has occurred or exists that would constitute grounds for such action;

(iii) no cost incurred by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries pertaining to a Government Contract or Government Subcontract has been questioned or challenged, is the subject of any audit or investigation or has been disallowed by any Governmental Authority in an amount that individually exceeds $10,000 or in the aggregate exceeds $25,000;

(iv) other than in the Ordinary Course of Business, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has undergone, and is not currently undergoing, any internal or external audit, review, inspection, investigation, survey or examination of records (collectively “Audits”) relating to any of its Government Contracts, Government Subcontracts, or bids, and no Audit has resulted in any disallowance of costs in a material amount or adverse finding with respect to any alleged unlawful conduct, misstatement or omission arising under or relating to any Government Contract, Government Subcontract, or bid;

 

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(v) from January 1, 2007 through the date of this Agreement, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has had any adverse or negative past performance evaluation or rating relating to a Government Contract or Government Subcontract;

(vi) no Government Contract or Government Subcontract was awarded based upon the Company or its Subsidiaries qualifying as a Small Business Concern, HUBZone Small Business Concern, Veteran-Owned Small Business Concern, 8(a) Business Development Concern or other preferential status as afforded by the FAR, small business administration (“SBA”) regulations, other regulations or statutes;

(vii) no reasonable basis exists to give rise to a claim for fraud (as such concept is defined under the state or federal laws of the United States) in connection with any Government Contract or Government Subcontract or bid under the United States or a state civil or criminal False Claims Acts, the United States Procurement Integrity Act, the Truth in Negotiations Act, or other laws adopted by any Governmental Authority;

(viii) neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has made any mandatory disclosure under FAR 52.203­13 or any voluntary disclosure to any Governmental Authority with respect to any alleged. unlawful conduct, misstatement or omission arising under or relating to any Government Contract or Government Subcontract, and to the Knowledge of the Company there are no facts that would require mandatory disclosure under FAR 52.203-13;

(ix) there are no agreements or arrangements to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is a party under which any Governmental Authority acquires rights with respect to any Company Products or Owned Intellectual Property Rights except “limited rights” with respect to technical data or “restricted rights” with respect to software as contemplated by the provisions of Federal Acquisition Regulations (“FAR”) 48 C.F.R. 12.212, 2.101, and 227.7202-1 through 227.7202-4 (June 1995), 252.227-7013(a)(14) (Limited Rights), and 252.227-7014(a)(15) (Restricted Rights) of the Department of Defense (“DoD”) FAR Supplement and its successors, or the equivalent thereof under foreign applicable law, nor has any Governmental Authority acquired any rights outside of any such agreements, arrangements or subcontract as the result of providing any funding relating to the development of any Company Intellectual Property Rights; and the Company has complied with all applicable requirements for each subject invention (as defined in FAR section 52.227-11) such that the Company or one of its Subsidiaries exclusively owns the entire right, title and interest in and to each such subject invention free and clear of all Encumbrances; and

 

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(x) there are no facts, involving the Company or any of its Subsidiaries that could reasonably be expected to result in an “Organizational Conflict of Interest” as defined in the FAR. The Company and its Subsidiaries are unaware of any such Organizational Conflict of Interest that could reasonably be expected to result from the execution and delivery of this Agreement and completion of the Contemplated Transactions.

(c) Except as set forth in Section 4.17(c) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, from January 1, 2007 through the date of this Agreement, none of the Company, its Subsidiaries, and, to the Knowledge of the Company, none of their directors, officers or employees, is or has been under administrative, civil or criminal investigation or indictment by any Governmental Authority, or any audit or investigation by the Company or its Subsidiaries, with respect to any alleged act or omission arising under or relating to any Government Contract or Government Subcontract.

(d) All invoices submitted under each Government Contract were accurate and complete, in all material respects, as of their submission date.

(e) From January 1, 2007 through the date of this Agreement, none of the Company or its Subsidiaries or any of their directors or officers has been debarred or suspended or proposed for debarment or suspension, or has been the subject of a finding of non-responsibility, and, to the Knowledge of the Company, no such debarment or suspension is threatened in writing, in each case, from participation in the award of any Government Contract or Government Subcontract. To the Knowledge of the Company there are no circumstances that would likely become a basis for the suspension or debarment of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, or any of their officers, or employees, from bidding on or being awarded Government Contracts or Government Subcontracts.

(f) Section 4.17(f) of the Company Disclosure Schedule sets forth all of the facility clearances held by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries. The Company and its Subsidiaries possess all of the facility and personnel security clearances reasonably necessary to conduct the Business. The Company and its Subsidiaries are in compliance with all applicable national security obligations and security measures required by the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ Government Contracts, Government Subcontracts or applicable Legal Requirements including, but not limited to, compliance with the National Industrial Security Operating Manual (DoD 5220.22-M, as amended), and, to the Knowledge of the Company, there are no facts or circumstances that would, or would reasonably be expected to, result in the suspension or termination of any Government security clearances or that would reasonably be expected to render the Company or its Subsidiaries ineligible for such security clearances in the future.

(g) Section 4.17(g) of the Company Disclosure Schedule sets forth a complete and correct list of each officer, employee or consultant of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries who currently holds or maintains or has otherwise been granted a security clearance by any Governmental Authority (each, a “Security Clearance Holder”) and the type, level or classification of each such security clearance. During the last three years, there has not been, and, to the Company’s Knowledge, there are no facts that could

 

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reasonably be expected to give rise to, any revocation, suspension or failure to renew any security clearance of the Company, any of its Subsidiaries, any site or facility operated by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or, to the Company’s Knowledge, any Security Clearance Holder.

(h) No Governmental Authority has revoked, suspended or failed to renew any security clearance held or maintained by or otherwise granted to the Company, nor has any Governmental Authority threatened to revoke, suspend or fail to renew any security clearance held or maintained by or otherwise granted to the Company any of its Subsidiaries or any site or facility operated by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

(i) Except as set forth in Section 4.17(i) of the Company Disclosure Schedule there are no outstanding claims against the Company or its Subsidiaries, either by a Governmental Authority or by any prime contractor, subcontractor, vendor or other third party arising under or relating to any Government Contract, Government Subcontract, bid or teaming agreement to which the Company or its Subsidiaries is a party.

(j) Unless prohibited by a Legal Requirement, and only to the extent allowed by Legal Requirement, the Company has disclosed or made available to Parent all material information relating to the nature and scope of its or any of its Subsidiaries’ material Classified Government Contracts and has provided Parent with access to complete and accurate copies of all contracts, statements of work and other documentation related thereto.

(k) There are no actual or to the Company’s Knowledge threatened prohibitions on the Company or any of its Subsidiaries to do business with, directly or indirectly, any Governmental Authority.

Section 4.18. Related Party Transactions. Except for the matters disclosed in Section 4.18 of the Company Disclosure Schedule, no Securityholder or Affiliate of any Securityholder and no officer or director or holder of more then 5% of any outstanding class of capital stock of the Company (or equivalent) of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries (or, to the Company’s Knowledge, any Family Member of any such Person who is an individual or any entity in which any such Person or any such Family Member thereof owns a material interest): (a) has any material interest in any material Asset owned or leased by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or used in connection with the Business or (b) has engaged in any material transaction, arrangement or understanding with the Company or any of its Subsidiaries since January 1, 2009 (other than payments made to, and other Compensation provided to, such officers and directors in the Ordinary Course of Business of the Company and its Subsidiaries).

Section 4.19. Customers and Suppliers. Section 4.19 of the Company Disclosure Schedule sets forth a complete and accurate list of (a) the ten (10) largest customers of the Company and its Subsidiaries (measured by aggregate billings) during the eleven (11) month period ended on the Most Recent Balance Sheet Date, indicating the existing Contractual Obligations with each such customer by product or service provided and (b) the ten (10) largest

 

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suppliers of materials, products or services to the Company and its Subsidiaries (measured by the aggregate amount purchased by the Company) during the eleven (11) month period ended on the Most Recent Balance Sheet Date, indicating the Contractual Obligations for continued supply from each such supplier. Except as disclosed in Section 4.19 of the Company Disclosure Schedule, none of such customers or suppliers has cancelled, terminated or otherwise materially altered (including any material reduction in the rate or amount of sales or purchases or material increase in the prices charged or paid, as the case may be) or notified the Company or its Subsidiaries of any intention to do any of the foregoing or otherwise threatened in writing to cancel, terminate or materially alter (including any material reduction in the rate or amount of sales or purchases or material increase in the prices charged or paid as the case may be) its relationship with the Company or its Subsidiaries.

Section 4.20. Labor Matters. Except as disclosed in Section 4.20 of the Company Disclosure Schedule, there are no labor troubles (including any work slowdown, lockout, stoppage, picketing or strike) pending, or to the Company’s Knowledge, threatened between the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, on the one hand, and their employees, on the other hand, and there have been no such troubles since January 1, 2010. Except as disclosed in Section 4.20 of the Company Disclosure Schedule, (a) no employee of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is represented by a labor union, (b) neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is a party to, or otherwise subject to, any collective bargaining agreement or other labor union contract, (c) no petition has been filed or, to the Company’s Knowledge, any proceedings instituted by an employee or group of employees of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries with any labor relations board seeking recognition of a bargaining representative, (d) to the Company’s Knowledge, there is no organizational effort currently being made or threatened by, or on behalf of, any labor union to organize employees of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, and (e) no demand for recognition of employees of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries has been made by, or on behalf of, any labor union. No executive officer’s or other Key Employee’s employment with the Company or any of its Subsidiaries has been terminated for any reason nor has any such officer or Key Employee notified the Company or any of its Subsidiaries of his or her intention to resign or retire since January 1, 2010.

Section 4.21. Litigation; Governmental Orders.

(a) Litigation. Except as disclosed in Section 4.21(a) of the Company Disclosure Schedule as of the date of this Agreement, there is no Action to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is a party (either as plaintiff or defendant) or to which their Assets are or may be subject that is pending, or to the Company’s Knowledge, threatened, nor, to the Company’s Knowledge, is there any basis for any of the foregoing. Except as disclosed in Section 4.21(a) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, there is no Action which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries currently intend to initiate.

(b) Governmental Orders. Except as disclosed in Section 4.21(b) of the Company Disclosure Schedule, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has received any written Government Order or any written notice of any Government Order that is applicable to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or their Assets or the Business.

 

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Section 4.22. Insurance. Section 4.22 of the Company Disclosure Schedule sets forth an accurate and complete list of all insurance policies by which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, or any of their Assets, employees, officers or directors (or equivalent) or the Business have been insured since January 1, 2010 (the “Liability Policies”) and, with respect to such Liability Policies under which the Company or any Subsidiary, or any of their Assets, employees, officers or directors (or equivalent) or the Business are currently insured (the “Current Liability Policies”), their respective expiration dates. The list includes for each Liability Policy the type of policy, form of coverage, policy number and name of insurer. The Company has delivered or made available to Parent accurate and complete copies of all Liability Policies, in each case, as amended or otherwise modified and in effect. Section 4.22 of the Company Disclosure Schedule describes any self-insurance arrangements affecting the Company or any Subsidiary. The Company and its Subsidiaries maintain and have since January 1, 2005 maintained with financially sound and reputable insurers insurance with respect to its Assets, employees, officers and directors (or equivalent) and the Business, in such amounts and against such losses and risks as is required under the terms of any applicable Real Property Leases or other Contractual Obligations. Except as disclosed in Section 4.22 of the Company Disclosure Schedule, since January 1, 2005 no insurer (a) has questioned, denied or disputed coverage of any claim pending under any Liability Policy or (b) has threatened to cancel any Liability Policy. Except as disclosed in Section 4.22 of the Company Disclosure Schedule, to the Company’s Knowledge, no insurer plans to materially increase the premiums for, or materially alter the coverage under, any Current Liability Policy. Except as disclosed in Section 4.22 of the Company Disclosure Schedule, the Company and its Subsidiaries will after the Closing continue to have coverage under all of the Liability Policies with respect to events occurring prior to the Closing.

Section 4.23. Books and Records. The minute books and stock record books of the Company and its Subsidiaries are complete and correct and have been maintained in accordance with sound business practices and the stock record books of the Company and its Subsidiaries and the minute books of the Company and its Subsidiaries for the last three (3) years have been made available to Parent. The minute books of the Company and its Subsidiaries contain accurate and complete records of all meetings, and actions taken by written consent of, the stockholders, the Company Board and the Board of Directors of any of its Subsidiaries and any of their respective committees, respectively, and no meeting, or action taken by written consent, of any such stockholders, board of directors or committee has been held for which minutes have not been prepared and are not contained in such minute books. At the Closing, all of those books and records will be in the possession of the Company.

Section 4.24. No Brokers. Neither the Company nor its Subsidiaries has Liability of any kind to, or is subject to any claim of, any broker, finder or agent in connection with the Contemplated Transactions other than fees and expenses payable or reimbursable to Pagemill Partners, pursuant to Contractual Obligations that have been disclosed to Parent.

 

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ARTICLE V

REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES

OF PARENT AND MERGER SUB.

In order to induce the Company to enter into and perform this Agreement and to consummate the Contemplated Transactions, each of Parent and Merger Sub, jointly and severally, represents and warrants to the Company that as of the date of this Agreement and as of the Closing Date:

Section 5.01. Organization.

(a) Parent is a corporation duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the laws of The Commonwealth of Massachusetts and has all requisite corporate power and authority to own, lease and operate its properties and to carry on its business as now being conducted.

(b) Merger Sub is a corporation duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the laws of the State of California. Merger Sub was organized for the purpose of engaging in the Contemplated Transactions, and has conducted no other business.

Section 5.02. Power and Authorization. Each of Parent and Merger Sub has all requisite power and authority necessary for the execution, delivery and performance by it of its obligations under this Agreement and each Ancillary Agreement to which it is or will be a party. The execution, delivery and performance by each of Parent and Merger Sub of this Agreement and each Ancillary Agreement to which it is or will be a party and the consummation of the Contemplated Transactions by each of Parent and Merger Sub are within the power and authority of Parent and/or Merger Sub, as the case may be, and have been duly authorized by all necessary corporate action on the part of Parent and Merger Sub. This Agreement and each Ancillary Agreement to which Parent and/or Merger Sub is, or will be at Closing, a party (a) have been (or, in the case of Ancillary Agreements to be entered into at the Closing, will be when executed and delivered) duly executed and delivered by Parent and/or Merger Sub, as the case may be, and (b) is (or in the case of Ancillary Agreements to be entered into at the Closing, will be when executed and delivered) a legal, valid and binding obligation of Parent and/or Merger Sub, as the case may be, Enforceable against Parent and/or Merger Sub in accordance with its terms.

Section 5.03. Authorization of Governmental Authorities. Except as disclosed in Section 5.03 of the Parent Disclosure Schedule, no action by (including any authorization, consent or approval of), or in respect of, or filing with, any Governmental Authority is required for, or in connection with, the valid and lawful (a) authorization, execution, delivery and performance by Parent or Merger Sub of this Agreement and each Ancillary Agreement to which either of them is, or will be at Closing, a party or (b) consummation of the Contemplated Transactions by Parent and Merger Sub.

 

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Section 5.04. Noncontravention. Except as disclosed in Section 5.04 of Parent Disclosure Schedule, none of the authorization, execution, delivery and performance by either Parent or the Merger Sub of this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement to which either of them is, or will be at Closing, a party nor the consummation of the Contemplated Transactions will:

(a) assuming the taking of any action by (including the obtaining of each necessary authorization, consent or approval) or in respect of, and the making of all filings with, Governmental Authorities, in each case, as disclosed in Section 5.03 of the Parent Disclosure Schedule, violate any provision of any Legal Requirement applicable to Parent or Merger Sub; or

(b) conflict with or result in a breach or violation of, or constitute a default (or an event which, with notice or lapse of time or both, would constitute a default) under, or result in termination of, or accelerate the performance required by, or result in a right of termination or acceleration under, or require any action by (including any authorization, consent or approval) or notice to any Person under, any of the terms, conditions or provisions of (i) any Governmental Order applicable to or otherwise affecting Parent or Merger Sub or any of their respective assets or properties, (ii) any material Contractual Obligation of Parent or Merger Sub, or (iii) the Organizational Documents of the Parent or Merger Sub.

Section 5.05. No Brokers. Neither Parent nor Merger Sub has Liability of any kind to any broker, finder or agent with respect to the Contemplated Transactions for which any of the Securityholders could be liable.

Section 5.06. Merger Sub Capitalization. The authorized capital stock of Merger Sub consists of 1,000 shares of Merger Sub Common Stock, all of which is issued and outstanding and is owned, of record and beneficially, by Parent, as Merger Sub’s sole stockholder. All of the outstanding shares of Merger Sub Common Stock have been duly authorized and validly issued and are fully paid and nonassessable, and not subject to or issued in violation of any preemptive rights, any purchase option, call option, right of first refusal, subscription right or any similar right.

Section 5.07. Litigation. There is no Action pending or as to which Parent has received any written notice of assertion, which in any manner challenges or seeks to prevent, enjoin, alter or materially delay any of the Contemplated Transactions.

Section 5.08. Financing. Parent has or will have sufficient cash and/or available borrowing capacity to pay the Total Merger Consideration and to make all other payments of fees and expenses in connection with the negotiation and Closing of the Contemplated Transactions.

ARTICLE VI

COVENANTS OF THE PARTIES.

Section 6.01. Conduct of the Business of the Company and its Subsidiaries. During the period from the date of this Agreement and continuing until the earlier of the termination of this Agreement and the Effective Time, the Company will (except to the extent that Parent shall otherwise consent in writing), and will cause each of its Subsidiaries to, carry on its business in

 

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the usual and ordinary course in substantially the same manner as heretofore conducted, pay its Debts and Taxes when due, pay or perform other obligations when due, and use its commercially reasonable efforts consistent with past practice and policies to preserve intact its present business organization, keep available the services of its present officers and Key Employees and preserve its relationships with customers, suppliers, distributors, licensors, licensees, and others having business dealings with it. Without limiting the foregoing and except as expressly contemplated by this Agreement, the Company shall not, and shall cause its Subsidiaries to not, without the prior written consent of Parent:

(a) authorize or effect any amendment to or change any of its Organizational Documents;

(b) (i) make any payments or enter into any commitment or transaction, (ii) waive or release any right or claim, (iii) fail to pay, or delay in paying, accounts payable when due, (iv) accelerate the payment of any accounts receivable, or (v) change any cash management practices, in each case outside of the Ordinary Course of Business or inconsistent with prior practice;

(c) create any Subsidiary of the Company;

(d) issue, grant, deliver or sell, or authorize or propose the issuance, grant, delivery or sale of, or purchase or propose the purchase of, any Equity Interest with respect to the Company or any Subsidiary;

(e) re-price or amend the terms of any Equity Interest or the terms of any agreement with respect to an Equity Interest, including accelerating the vesting thereof, except as contemplated by Section 3.04(a);

(f) acquire or agree to acquire by merging or consolidating with, or by purchasing any assets or equity securities of, or by any other manner, any business or any Person or division thereof, or otherwise acquire or agree to acquire outside of the ordinary course of business consistent with prior practice any assets in any amount;

(g) modify or amend any material Contractual Obligation, Government Contract or Government Subcontract;

(h) initiate, cancel, compromise, settle, waive or release any Action;

(i) make any changes to its financial accounting principles or practices, other than as may be required by GAAP;

(j) (i) hire or engage any employees, consultants or contractors, or encourage any employees, consultants or contractors to resign from the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, or promote any employees or change the employment status or titles of any employees, except for the hiring or promotion of employees or engagements of consultants or contractors in the Ordinary Course of Business at compensation rates comparable to other employees, consultants or contractors at similar levels; (ii) adopt,

 

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enter into, materially amend or terminate any Company Plan, or (iii) grant any increase in the wages, salary, bonus or other compensation, remuneration or benefits of any employee of the Company or its Subsidiaries;

(k) fail to use commercially reasonable efforts to keep in full force all insurance policies described in Section 4.22;

(l) enter into any agreement that contains any provision relating to the “change of control” of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or that would trigger a Change of Control Payment;

(m) take any action that would have been a breach of or would reasonably be expected to cause a breach of any of the provisions of Section 4.07 (Absence of Certain Developments) had such action occurred after December 31, 2010 and prior to the date of this Agreement (without regard to disclosures in the Company Disclosure Schedule);

(n) incur any Debt, draw down or borrow any amounts under any existing agreements with respect to Debt, guarantee any Debt of any Person, issue or sell any Debt securities of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or purchase or guarantee any Debt securities of others, except for advances to employees for travel and business expenses in the Ordinary Course of Business and consistent with prior practice;

(o) make any payment of, or in respect of, any Tax to any Person or any Governmental Authority, except to the extent that the Company reasonably believes in good faith such payment is in respect of a Tax that is due and payable or has been properly estimated in accordance with applicable Legal Requirement as applied in a manner consistent with the prior practice of the Company and its Subsidiaries;

(p) make or change any material Tax election, change an annual accounting period, adopt or change any accounting method with respect to Taxes, file any amended Tax Return, enter into any closing agreement, settle or compromise any proceeding with respect to any Tax claim or assessment relating to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, surrender any right to claim a refund of Taxes, consent to any extension or waiver of the limitation period applicable to any Tax claim or assessment relating to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, or file any material Tax Return, if such election, adoption, change, amendment, agreement, settlement, surrender, consent or filing would have the effect of increasing the Tax liability of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries for any period ending after the Closing Date or decreasing any Tax attribute of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries existing on the Closing Date;

(q) make any Distribution; or

(r) take, or agree in writing or otherwise to take, any of the actions described in 6.01(a) through (q) above, or any other action that would prevent the Company from performing or cause the Company not to perform its obligations hereunder.

 

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Section 6.02. Access to Information. The Company shall provide Parent and its Representatives reasonable and prompt access during normal business hours during the period prior to the Effective Time to (a) all of the properties, facilities, books, agreements, records, customers and employees of the Company and its Subsidiaries and (b) all other information concerning the business, finances, properties, products, services, ongoing disputes, litigation, technology and personnel of the Company and its Subsidiaries as Parent may request. The Company will provide Parent and its Representatives copies of internal financial statements promptly upon request. No information or knowledge obtained in any investigation pursuant to this Section 6.02 or otherwise shall affect or be deemed to modify or qualify any representation or warranty of the Company or the conditions to the obligations of the parties to consummate the Merger or the other Contemplated Transactions.

Section 6.03. Commercially Reasonable Efforts; Notices and Consents. Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, each of the parties hereto shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to take or cause to be taken all actions, to file or cause to be filed all documents, to give or cause to be given all notices to Governmental Authorities or other Persons, to obtain or cause to be obtained all authorizations, consents, waivers, approvals, permits or orders from Governmental Authorities or other Persons, and to do or cause to be done all other things necessary, proper or advisable, in order to consummate and make effective the Contemplated Transactions (including satisfaction, but not waiver, of the closing conditions set forth in Articles VII and VIII) and to allow the Business to be operated following the Closing in the same manner as it is operated prior to the Closing.

Section 6.04. Expenses. Each party will pay its own respective financial advisory, legal, accounting and other expenses incurred by it or for its benefit in connection with the preparation and execution of this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements, the compliance herewith and therewith and the Contemplated Transactions; provided, that in the event that the Merger is consummated, such expenses incurred by the Company will be borne by the Securityholders as contemplated by Section 3.02.

Section 6.05. Notification of Certain Matters. The Company shall give prompt written notice to Parent of: (a) the occurrence or non-occurrence of any event that is likely to cause any of its representations or warranties contained in this Agreement to be untrue or inaccurate in any material respect at or prior to the Effective Time; (b) any failure to comply with or satisfy in any material respect any of the covenants, conditions or agreements to be complied with or satisfied by it hereunder; and (c) any event, condition, fact or circumstance that would reasonably be expected to make any of the conditions set forth in Article VII required to be satisfied by it incapable of being satisfied in a timely manner; provided, however, that the delivery of any notice pursuant to this Section 6.05 shall not limit or otherwise affect any remedies available to the party receiving such notice.

Section 6.06. Publicity. Prior to the Effective Time, no public announcement or disclosure (including any general announcement to employees, customers or suppliers) will be made by any party with respect to the subject matter of this Agreement or the Contemplated Transactions without the prior written consent of Parent, Merger Sub, the Company and the Securityholders’ Representative; provided, that the provisions of this Section 6.06 shall not

 

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prohibit (a) any disclosure required by any applicable Legal Requirements (in which case the disclosing party will provide the other parties with the opportunity to review and comment in advance of any proposed press releases) or (b) any disclosure made in connection with the enforcement of any right or remedy relating to this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement or the Contemplated Transactions.

Section 6.07. Conditions to the Contemplated Transactions; Further Assurances.

(a) Each of the parties to this Agreement shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to: (a) fulfill and cause to be fulfilled the conditions to Closing to be satisfied by it under this Agreement; (b) comply promptly with all Legal Requirements which may be imposed on such party with respect to the Contemplated Transactions and will promptly cooperate with and furnish information to any other party hereto in connection with any such requirements imposed upon such other party in connection with the Contemplated Transactions; (c) obtain and make (and will cooperate with the other parties in obtaining or making) any consent, authorization, order or approval of, or any registration, declaration, or filing with, or an exemption by, any Governmental Authority, or other third party, required to be obtained or made by such party in connection with the Contemplated Transactions or the taking of any action contemplated thereby or by this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement; and (d) at the request of another party hereto, execute and deliver such other instruments and do and perform such other acts and things as may be reasonably necessary or desirable for effecting completely the consummation of the Merger and the other Contemplated Transactions.

(b) From and after the Closing Date, upon the request of either the Securityholders’ Representative or the Company, each of the parties hereto shall do, execute, acknowledge and deliver all such further acts, assurances, deeds, assignments, transfers, conveyances and other instruments and papers as may be reasonably required or appropriate to carry out the Contemplated Transactions. No party shall take any action that is designed or intended to have the effect of discouraging any lessor, licensor, supplier, distributor or customer of the Company or other Person with whom the Company has a relationship from maintaining the same relationship with the Company after the Closing as it maintained prior to the Closing.

Section 6.08. Certain Employment and Employee Benefits Matters.

(a) Each Person who was an employee of the Company or any Subsidiary immediately prior to the Effe