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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549 
________________________________________________________________

FORM 10-Q
________________________________________________________________
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended October 1, 2021
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
COMMISSION FILE NUMBER: 0-23599
________________________________________________________________
MERCURY SYSTEMS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
________________________________________________________________
Massachusetts 04-2741391
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
50 MINUTEMAN ROAD 01810
ANDOVERMA
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
978-256-1300
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each ClassTrading Symbol(s)Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per shareMRCYThe Nasdaq Stock Market

____________________________________________________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  x    No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer x  Accelerated filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer ¨  Smaller reporting company 
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  x
Shares of Common Stock outstanding as of October 31, 2021 56,645,864 shares
1


MERCURY SYSTEMS, INC.
INDEX
 
  PAGE
NUMBER
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 6.

2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.     FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MERCURY SYSTEMS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
(Unaudited)
October 1, 2021July 2, 2021
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$95,804 $113,839 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for credit losses of $1,728 and $1,720 at October 1, 2021 and July 2, 2021, respectively
106,831 128,807 
Unbilled receivables and costs in excess of billings194,367 162,921 
Inventory234,403 221,640 
Prepaid income taxes11,815 782 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets18,465 15,111 
Total current assets661,685 643,100 
Property and equipment, net128,694 128,524 
Goodwill805,315 804,906 
Intangible assets, net297,137 307,559 
Operating lease right-of-use assets67,797 66,373 
Other non-current assets4,466 4,675 
Total assets$1,965,094 $1,955,137 
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$73,385 $47,951 
Accrued expenses30,414 24,652 
Accrued compensation32,890 40,043 
Deferred revenues and customer advances30,635 38,177 
Total current liabilities167,324 150,823 
Deferred income taxes26,717 28,810 
Income taxes payable7,467 7,467 
Long-term debt200,000 200,000 
Operating lease liabilities72,010 71,508 
Other non-current liabilities12,096 12,383 
Total liabilities485,614 470,991 
Commitments and contingencies (Note M)
Shareholders’ equity:
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 1,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued or outstanding
  
Common stock, $0.01 par value; 85,000,000 shares authorized; 55,500,817 and 55,241,120 shares issued and outstanding at October 1, 2021 and July 2, 2021, respectively
555 552 
Additional paid-in capital1,111,613 1,109,434 
Retained earnings367,359 374,499 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(47)(339)
Total shareholders’ equity1,479,480 1,484,146 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity$1,965,094 $1,955,137 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.
3


MERCURY SYSTEMS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS) INCOME
(In thousands, except per share data) (Unaudited)
 First Quarters Ended
 October 1, 2021October 2, 2020
Net revenues$225,013 $205,621 
Cost of revenues136,604 117,502 
Gross margin88,409 88,119 
Operating expenses:
Selling, general and administrative36,956 32,904 
Research and development28,882 27,417 
Amortization of intangible assets13,734 7,731 
Restructuring and other charges12,274 1,297 
Acquisition costs and other related expenses2,138  
Total operating expenses93,984 69,349 
(Loss) income from operations(5,575)18,770 
Interest income9 72 
Interest expense(595) 
Other expense, net(1,420)(846)
(Loss) income before income taxes(7,581)17,996 
Income tax (benefit) provision(441)2,198 
Net (loss) income$(7,140)$15,798 
Basic net (loss) earnings per share$(0.13)$0.29 
Diluted net (loss) earnings per share$(0.13)$0.29 
Weighted-average shares outstanding:
Basic55,376 54,883 
Diluted55,376 55,339 
Comprehensive (loss) income:
Net (loss) income$(7,140)$15,798 
Foreign currency translation adjustments244 (101)
Pension benefit plan, net of tax48 31 
Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax292 (70)
Total comprehensive (loss) income$(6,848)$15,728 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.
4


MERCURY SYSTEMS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
For the First Quarter Ended October 1, 2021
Common StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Total
Shareholders’
Equity
SharesAmount
Balance at July 2, 202155,241 $552 $1,109,434 $374,499 $(339)$1,484,146 
Issuance of common stock under employee stock incentive plans398 4 (4)— —  
Purchase and retirement of common stock(138)(1)(7,315)— — (7,316)
Stock-based compensation— — 9,498 — — 9,498 
Net loss— — — (7,140)— (7,140)
Other comprehensive income— — — — 292 292 
Balance at October 1, 202155,501 $555 $1,111,613 $367,359 $(47)$1,479,480 



For the First Quarter Ended October 2, 2020
Common StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Total
Shareholders’
Equity
SharesAmount
Balance at July 3, 202054,702 $547 $1,074,667 $312,455 $(2,885)$1,384,784 
Issuance of common stock under employee stock incentive plans344 3 (1)— — 2 
Purchase and retirement of common stock(1)— (66)— — (66)
Stock-based compensation— — 7,444 — — 7,444 
Net income— — — 15,798 — 15,798 
Other comprehensive loss— — — — (70)(70)
Balance at October 2, 202055,045 $550 $1,082,044 $328,253 $(2,955)$1,407,892 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.
5


MERCURY SYSTEMS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 First Quarters Ended
 October 1, 2021October 2, 2020
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net (loss) income$(7,140)$15,798 
Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization expense21,490 12,997 
Stock-based compensation expense9,527 7,184 
Benefit for deferred income taxes(2,171)(2,921)
Other non-cash items(1,552)268 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects of businesses acquired:
Accounts receivable, unbilled receivables, and costs in excess of billings(9,429)3,496 
Inventory(12,829)(27,768)
Prepaid income taxes (11,024)(2,268)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets(3,025)(2,268)
Other non-current assets(1,250)(1,561)
Accounts payable, accrued expenses, and accrued compensation21,707 10,803 
Deferred revenues and customer advances(5,991)7,598 
Income taxes payable(4)(52)
Other non-current liabilities(315)1,623 
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities(2,006)22,929 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchases of property and equipment(5,377)(10,978)
Other investing activities(3,237) 
Net cash used in investing activities(8,614)(10,978)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from employee stock plans 2 
Purchase and retirement of common stock(7,316)(66)
Net cash used in financing activities(7,316)(64)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents(99)397 
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents(18,035)12,284 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period113,839 226,838 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$95,804 $239,122 
Cash paid during the period for:
Interest$682 $ 
Income taxes$13,373 $6,950 
Supplemental disclosures—non-cash activities:
Non-cash investing activity$2,533 $1,369 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.
6


MERCURY SYSTEMS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Amounts in thousands except per share data)
(Unaudited)
A.Description of Business
Mercury Systems, Inc. (the “Company” or “Mercury”) is a leading technology company serving the aerospace and defense industry, positioned at the intersection of high-tech and defense. Headquartered in Andover, Massachusetts, the Company delivers products and solutions that power a broad range of aerospace and defense programs, optimized for mission success in some of the most challenging and demanding environments. The Company envisions, creates and delivers innovative technology solutions that are open, purpose-built and uncompromised to meet our customers’ most-pressing high-tech needs, including those specific to the defense community.
Investors and others should note that the Company announces material financial information using its website (www.mrcy.com), Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) filings, press releases, public conference calls, webcasts, and social media, including Twitter (twitter.com/mrcy and twitter.com/mrcy_CEO) and LinkedIn (www.linkedin.com/company/mercury-systems). Therefore, the Company encourages investors and others interested in Mercury to review the information the Company posts on the social media and other communication channels listed on its website.
B.Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
BASIS OF PRESENTATION
The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared by the Company in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”) in the United States of America for interim financial information and with the instructions to the Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual consolidated financial statements have been condensed or omitted pursuant to those rules and regulations; however, in the opinion of management the financial information reflects all adjustments, consisting of adjustments of a normal recurring nature, necessary for fair presentation. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes for the fiscal year ended July 2, 2021 which are contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on August 17, 2021. The results for the first quarter ended October 1, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full fiscal year.
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
All references to the first quarter of fiscal 2022 are to the quarter ended October 1, 2021. There were 13 weeks during the first quarters ended October 1, 2021 and October 2, 2020, respectively.
USE OF ESTIMATES
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
BUSINESS COMBINATIONS
The Company utilizes the acquisition method of accounting under ASC 805, Business Combinations, (“ASC 805”), for all transactions and events in which it obtains control over one or more other businesses, to recognize the fair value of all assets and liabilities acquired, even if less than one hundred percent ownership is acquired, and in establishing the acquisition date fair value as the measurement date for all assets and liabilities assumed. The Company also utilizes ASC 805 for the initial recognition and measurement, subsequent measurement and accounting, and disclosure of assets and liabilities arising from contingencies in business combinations.
7


FOREIGN CURRENCY
Local currencies are the functional currency for the Company’s subsidiaries in Switzerland, the United Kingdom, France, Japan, Spain and Canada. The accounts of foreign subsidiaries are translated using exchange rates in effect at period-end for assets and liabilities and at average exchange rates during the period for results of operations. The related translation adjustments are reported in Accumulated other comprehensive loss (“AOCL”) in shareholders’ equity. Gains (losses) resulting from non-U.S. currency transactions are included in Other expense, net in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (Loss) Income and were immaterial for all periods presented.
REVENUE RECOGNITION
The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, (“ASC 606”). Revenues are derived from the sales of products that are grouped into one of the following three categories: (i) components; (ii) modules and sub-assemblies; and (iii) integrated subsystems. The Company also generates revenues from the performance of services, including systems engineering support, consulting, maintenance and other support, testing and installation. Each promised good or service within a contract is accounted for separately under the guidance of ASC 606 if they are distinct. Promised goods or services not meeting the criteria for being a distinct performance obligation are bundled into a single performance obligation with other goods or services that together meet the criteria for being distinct. The appropriate allocation of the transaction price and recognition of revenue is then determined for the bundled performance obligation.
Revenue recognized at a point in time generally relates to contracts that include a combination of components, modules and sub-assemblies, integrated subsystems and related system integration or other services. Contracts with distinct performance obligations recognized at a point in time, with or without an allocation of the transaction price, totaled 47% and 64% of revenues for the first quarters ended October 1, 2021 and October 2, 2020, respectively.
The Company also engages in long-term contracts for development, production and service activities and recognizes revenue for performance obligations over time. These long-term contracts involve the design, development, manufacture, or modification of complex modules and sub-assemblies or integrated subsystems and related services. Long-term contracts include both fixed-price and cost reimbursable contracts. The Company’s cost reimbursable contracts typically include cost-plus fixed fee and time and material contracts.
Total revenue recognized under long-term contracts over time was 53% and 36% of total revenues for the first quarters ended October 1, 2021 and October 2, 2020, respectively.
The Company generally does not provide its customers with rights of product return other than those related to assurance warranty provisions that permit repair or replacement of defective goods over a period of 12 to 36 months. The Company accrues for anticipated warranty costs upon product shipment. The Company does not consider activities related to such assurance warranties, if any, to be a separate performance obligation. The Company does offer separately priced extended warranties which generally range from 12 to 36 months that are treated as separate performance obligations. The transaction price allocated to extended warranties is recognized over time in proportion to the costs expected to be incurred in satisfying the obligations under the contract.
All revenues are reported net of government assessed taxes (e.g., sales taxes or value-added taxes). Refer to Note L for disaggregation of revenue for the period.
ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE
Accounts receivable, net, represents amounts that have been billed and are currently due from customers. The Company maintains an allowance for credit losses to provide for the estimated amount of receivables that will not be collected. The Company provides credit to customers in the normal course of business. The Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers’ financial condition and limits the amount of credit extended as necessary. The allowance is based upon an assessment of the customer's credit worthiness, reasonable forecasts about the future, history with the customer, and the age of the receivable balance. The Company typically invoices a customer upon shipment of the product (or completion of a service) for contracts where revenue is recognized at a point in time. For contracts where revenue is recognized over time, the invoicing events are typically based on specified performance obligation deliverables or milestone events, or quantifiable measures of performance.
8


CONTRACT BALANCES    
Contract balances result from the timing of revenue recognized, billings and cash collections, and the generation of contract assets and liabilities. Contract assets represent revenue recognized in excess of amounts invoiced to the customer and the right to payment is not subject to the passage of time. Contract assets are presented as unbilled receivables and costs in excess of billings on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets. Contract liabilities consist of deferred product revenue, billings in excess of revenues, deferred service revenue, and customer advances. Deferred product revenue represents amounts that have been invoiced to customers, but are not yet recognizable as revenue because the Company has not satisfied its performance obligations under the contract. Billings in excess of revenues represents milestone billing contracts where the billings of the contract exceed recognized revenues. Deferred service revenue primarily represents amounts invoiced to customers for annual maintenance contracts or extended warranty contracts, which are recognized over time in proportion to the costs expected to be incurred in satisfying the obligations under the contract. Customer advances represent deposits received from customers on an order. Contract liabilities are included in deferred revenue and the long-term portion of deferred revenue is included within other non-current liabilities on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets. Contract balances are reported in a net position on a contract-by-contract basis.
The contract asset balances were $194,367 and $162,921 as of October 1, 2021 and July 2, 2021, respectively. The contract asset balance increased due to growth in revenue recognized over time and timing of billable events under long-term contracts during the first quarter ended October 1, 2021. The contract liability balances were $29,438 and $35,201 as of October 1, 2021 and July 2, 2021, respectively. The decrease was due to lower billings in excess of revenues.
Revenue recognized for the first quarter ended October 1, 2021 that was included in the contract liability balance at July 2, 2021 was $13,137. Revenue recognized for the first quarter ended October 2, 2020 that was included in the contract liability balance at July 3, 2020 was $9,030.
REMAINING PERFORMANCE OBLIGATIONS
The Company includes in its computation of remaining performance obligations customer orders for which it has accepted signed sales orders. The definition of remaining performance obligations excludes contracts with original expected durations of less than one year, as well as those contracts that provide the customer with the right to cancel or terminate the order with no substantial penalty, even if the Company’s historical experience indicates the likelihood of cancellation or termination is remote. As of October 1, 2021, the aggregate amount of the transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations was $373,904. The Company expects to recognize approximately 69% of its remaining performance obligations as revenue in the next 12 months and the balance thereafter.

WEIGHTED-AVERAGE SHARES
Weighted-average shares were calculated as follows:
First Quarters Ended
October 1, 2021October 2, 2020
Basic weighted-average shares outstanding55,376 54,883 
Effect of dilutive equity instruments 456 
Diluted weighted-average shares outstanding55,376 55,339 
Equity instruments to purchase 474 and 203 shares of common stock were not included in the calculation of diluted net earnings per share for the first quarters ended October 1, 2021 and October 2, 2020, respectively, because the equity instruments were anti-dilutive.
RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting, an amendment of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification. The amendments in this ASU provide optional guidance for a limited period of time to ease the potential burden in accounting for (or recognizing the effects of) reference rate reform on financial reporting. The amendments in this ASU are elective and apply to all entities, subject to meeting certain criteria, that have contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions that reference LIBOR or another reference rate expected to be discontinued because of reference rate reform. The amendments in this Update are effective for all entities as of March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the effect that this standard will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
In October 2021, the FASB issued ASU No. 2021-08, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers, an amendment of the FASB Accounting Standards
9


Codification. The amendments in this ASU address diversity and inconsistency related to the recognition and measurement of contract assets and contract liabilities acquired in a business combination and require that an acquirer recognize and measure contract assets and contract liabilities acquired in a business combination in accordance with Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. Under current U.S. GAAP, an acquirer generally recognizes assets and liabilities assumed in a business combination, including contract assets and liabilities arising from revenue contracts with customers, at fair value on the acquisition date. ASU No. 2021-08 will result in the acquirer recording acquired contract assets and liabilities on the same basis that would have been recorded by the acquiree before the acquisition under Topic 606. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, with early adoption permitted, including adoption in an interim period. The Company is currently evaluating the effect that this standard will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
RECENTLY ADOPTED ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Effective July 3, 2021 the Company adopted ASU No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, an amendment of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification. The amendments in this ASU simplify the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions for intraperiod tax allocations and deferred tax liabilities for equity method investments and add guidance as to whether a step-up in tax basis of goodwill relates to a business combination or a separate transaction. This adoption did not have a material impact to the Company's consolidated financial statements or related disclosures.
10


C. Acquisitions
PENTEK ACQUISITION
On May 27, 2021, the Company acquired Pentek Technologies, LLC and Pentek Systems, Inc. (collectively, "Pentek"). for a purchase price of $65,000, subject to net working capital and net debt adjustments. Based in Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, Pentek is a leading designer and manufacturer of ruggedized, high-performance, commercial off-the-shelf software-defined radio and data acquisition boards, recording systems and subsystems for high-end commercial and defense applications. The acquisition and associated transaction expenses were funded through a combination of cash on hand and Mercury's existing revolving credit facility (the "Revolver").
The following table presents the net purchase price and the fair values of the assets and liabilities of Pentek on a preliminary basis:
Amounts
Consideration transferred
Cash paid at closing$65,668 
Less cash acquired(746)
Net purchase price$64,922 
Estimated fair value of tangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed
Cash$746 
Accounts receivable1,370 
Inventory6,575 
Fixed assets152 
Other current and non-current assets2,864 
Accounts payable(1,016)
Accrued expenses(520)
Other current and non-current liabilities(4,090)
Estimated fair value of net tangible assets acquired6,081 
Estimated fair value of identifiable intangible assets24,110 
Estimated goodwill35,477 
Estimated fair value of net assets acquired65,668 
Less cash acquired(746)
Net purchase price$64,922 
The amounts above represent the preliminary fair value estimates as of October 1, 2021 and are subject to subsequent adjustment as the Company obtains additional information during the measurement period and finalizes its fair value estimates. The preliminary identifiable intangible asset estimate includes customer relationships of $15,560 with a useful life of 21 years, completed technology of $6,340 with a useful life of seven years and backlog of $2,210 with a useful life of one year. Any subsequent adjustments to these fair value estimates occurring during the measurement period will result in an adjustment to goodwill.
The goodwill of $35,477 largely reflects the potential synergies and expansion of the Company's offerings across product lines and markets complementary to the Company's existing products and markets. The goodwill from this acquisition is included in the Microelectronics reporting unit. The transaction was a combination of asset and stock, with the asset portion of goodwill being deductible for tax purposes. The Company has estimated the tax value of the intangible assets from this transaction and is amortizing the amount over 15 years for tax purposes. As of October 1, 2021, the Company had $29,703 of goodwill deductible for tax purposes.

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PHYSICAL OPTICS CORPORATION ACQUISITION
On December 7, 2020, the Company signed a definitive agreement to acquire Physical Optics Corporation ("POC") for a purchase price of $310,000, subject to net working capital and net debt adjustments. On December 30, 2020, the transaction closed and the Company acquired POC. Based in Torrance, California, POC expands the Company's global avionics business and its collective footprint in the platform and mission management market. The Company funded the acquisition through a combination of cash on hand and the Company's existing revolving credit facility (the "Revolver"). On May 28, 2021 the Company and representative of the former owners of POC agreed to post closing-adjustments totaling $2,641, which increased the Company’s net purchase price.
The following table presents the net purchase price and the fair values of the assets and liabilities of POC on a preliminary basis:
Amounts
Consideration transferred
Cash paid at closing$251,229 
Cash paid post closing61,626 
Working capital and net debt adjustment(2,096)
Less cash acquired(2,855)
Net purchase price$307,904 
Estimated fair value of tangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed
Cash $2,855 
Accounts receivable and Unbilled Receivables28,022 
Inventory11,125 
Fixed assets23,236 
Other current and non-current assets16,453 
Accounts payable(3,777)
Accrued expenses(5,572)
Other current and non-current liabilities(32,999)
Estimated fair value of net tangible assets acquired39,343 
Estimated fair value of identifiable intangible assets116,000 
Estimated goodwill155,416 
Estimated fair value of net assets acquired310,759 
Less cash acquired(2,855)
Net purchase price$307,904 

The amounts above represent the preliminary fair value estimates as of October 1, 2021 and are subject to subsequent adjustment as the Company obtains additional information during the measurement period and finalizes its fair value estimates, including the ongoing assessment of collectability of receivable balances. The preliminary identifiable intangible asset estimate includes customer relationships of $83,000 with a useful life of 11 years, completed technology of $25,000 with a useful life of 9 years and backlog of $8,000 with a useful life of one year. Any subsequent adjustments to these fair value estimates occurring during the measurement period will result in an adjustment to goodwill.
The estimated goodwill of $155,416 largely reflects the potential synergies and expansion of the Company’s offerings across product lines and markets complementary to the Company’s existing products and markets and is not deductible for tax purposes. The goodwill from this acquisition is reported in the Processing reporting unit.
12


AVALEX ACQUISITION
On September 27, 2021, the Company announced that it had signed a definitive agreement to acquire Avalex Technologies Corporation (“Avalex”). Based in Gulf Breeze, Florida. Avalex is a provider of mission-critical avionics, including rugged displays, integrated communications management systems, digital video recorders, and warning systems. Pursuant to the terms of the agreement, the Company will acquire Avalex for an all-cash purchase price of $155,000, subject to net working capital and net debt adjustments. On November 5, 2021, the transaction closed and the Company acquired Avalex. See Note N "Subsequent Events" to the consolidated financial statements for further discussion.
D.Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, including money market funds, restricted cash, accounts receivable and payable, and accrued liabilities approximate fair value due to the short-term maturities of these assets and liabilities. The Company determined the carrying value of long-term debt approximated fair value due to variable interest rates charged on the borrowings, which reprice frequently. As of October 1, 2021, the Company had no financial instruments required to be measured at fair value.
E. Inventory
Inventory is stated at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out) or net realizable value, and consists of materials, labor and overhead. On a quarterly basis, the Company uses consistent methodologies to evaluate inventory for net realizable value. Once an item is written down, the value becomes the new inventory cost basis. The Company reduces the value of inventory for excess and obsolete inventory, consisting of on-hand inventory in excess of estimated usage. The excess and obsolete inventory evaluation is based upon assumptions about future demand, historical usage, product mix and possible alternative uses. Inventory was comprised of the following:
As of
October 1, 2021July 2, 2021
Raw materials$148,747 $141,774 
Work in process63,380 58,087 
Finished goods22,276 21,779 
Total$234,403 $221,640 

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F.Goodwill
On August 3, 2021, Mercury announced a companywide effort, called 1MPACT, to lay the foundation for the next phase of the Company's value creation at scale. The goal of 1MPACT is to achieve Mercury's full growth, margin expansion and adjusted EBITDA potential over the next five years. In connection with 1MPACT, the Company realigned its internal organizational structure in the first quarter of fiscal 2022 shifting to two divisions, Processing and Microelectronics. The Mission division has now merged under the Processing division. There was no change to the Microelectronics division.
In accordance with FASB ASC 350, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (“ASC 350”), the Company determines its reporting units based upon whether discrete financial information is available, if management regularly reviews the operating results of the component, the nature of the products offered to customers and the market characteristics of each reporting unit. A reporting unit is considered to be an operating segment or one level below an operating segment also known as a component. Component level financial information is reviewed by management across two divisions: Processing and Microelectronics. Accordingly, these were determined to be the Company's new reporting units.
The internal reorganization and change in reporting units qualified as a triggering event and required goodwill to be tested for impairment. As required by ASC 350, the Company tested goodwill for impairment immediately before and after the reorganization. As a result of these analyses, it was determined that goodwill was not impaired before or after the reorganization.
In the first quarter ended October 1, 2021, the Company assigned goodwill to the new reporting units based on the relative fair value of transferred operations.
The following table sets forth the changes in the carrying amount of goodwill for the first quarter ended October 1, 2021:
Total
Balance at July 2, 2021$804,906 
Goodwill adjustment for the POC acquisition157 
Goodwill adjustment for the Pentek acquisition252 
Balance at October 1, 2021$805,315 
The Company performs its annual goodwill impairment test in the fourth quarter of each fiscal year.
G.Restructuring
During the first quarter ended October 1, 2021, the Company incurred $12,274 of restructuring and other charges. Restructuring and other charges of $7,338 related to severance costs associated with the elimination of 100 employees in manufacturing, SG&A and R&D based on changes in the business environment and to align with the internal organizational changes completed under 1MPACT. The remaining $4,936 of restructuring and other charges related to third-party consulting costs associated with 1MPACT.
All of the restructuring and other charges are classified as Operating expenses in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (Loss) Income and any remaining severance obligations are expected to be paid within the next twelve months. The restructuring liability is classified as Accrued expenses in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
The following table presents the detail of activity for the Company’s restructuring plans:
Severance &
Related
Balance at July 2, 2021$1,006 
Restructuring and other charges7,338 
Cash paid(2,009)
Balance at October 1, 2021$6,335 

14


H.Income Taxes
The Company recorded an income tax (benefit) provision of $(441) and $2,198 on a (loss) income before income taxes of $(7,581) and $17,996 for the first quarters ended October 1, 2021 and October 2, 2020, respectively.
During the first quarters ended October 1, 2021 and October 2, 2020, the Company recognized a discrete tax provision of $715 related to stock-based compensation shortfalls and a discrete tax benefit of $2,480 related to excess benefits on stock-based compensation.
The effective tax rate for the first quarters ended October 1, 2021 and October 2, 2020 differed from the Federal statutory rate primarily due to Federal and State research and development credits, non-deductible compensation, stock-based compensation, and state taxes. In addition, during the first quarter ended October 1, 2021, the Company had certain unbenefited deferred tax assets.
During the first quarter ended October 1, 2021, there were no material changes to the Company's unrecognized tax positions.
Within the calculation of the Company's annual effective tax rate, the Company has used assumptions and estimates that may change as a result of future guidance and interpretation from the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”).
I.Debt
REVOLVING CREDIT FACILITY
On September 28, 2018, the Company amended the Revolver to increase and extend the borrowing capacity to a $750,000, 5-year revolving credit line, with the maturity extended to September 28, 2023. As of October 1, 2021, the Company's outstanding balance of unamortized deferred financing costs was $2,689, which is being amortized to Other expense, net in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (Loss) Income on a straight line basis over the term of the Revolver.
As of October 1, 2021, the Company was in compliance with all covenants and conditions under the Revolver and there were outstanding borrowings of $200,000 against the Revolver, resulting in interest expense of $595 for the first quarter ended October 1, 2021. There were outstanding letters of credit of $963 as of October 1, 2021.
J.Employee Benefit Plan
PENSION PLAN
The Company maintains a defined benefit pension plan (the “Plan”) for its Swiss employees, which is administered by an independent pension fund. The Plan is mandated by Swiss law and meets the criteria for a defined benefit plan under ASC 715, Compensation—Retirement Benefits (“ASC 715”), because participants of the Plan are entitled to a defined rate of return on contributions made. The independent pension fund is a multi-employer plan with unrestricted joint liability for all participating companies for which the Plan’s overfunding or underfunding is allocated to each participating company based on an allocation key determined by the Plan.
The Company recognizes a net asset or liability for the Plan equal to the difference between the projected benefit obligation of the Plan and the fair value of the Plan’s assets as required by ASC 715. The funded status may vary from year to year due to changes in the fair value of the Plan’s assets and variations on the underlying assumptions of the projected benefit obligation of the Plan. The Plan's funded status at October 1, 2021 was a net liability of $9,691, which is recorded in Other non-current liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheet. The Company recorded a net gain of $48 and $31 in AOCL during the first quarters ended October 1, 2021 and October 2, 2020, respectively. The Company recognized net periodic benefit costs of $269 and $413 associated with the Plan for the first quarters ended October 1, 2021 and October 2, 2020, respectively. The Company's total expected employer contributions to the Plan during fiscal 2022 are $1,165.
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K.Stock-Based Compensation
STOCK INCENTIVE PLANS
At October 1, 2021, the aggregate number of shares authorized for issuance under the Company’s Amended and Restated 2018 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2018 Plan”) is 6,782 shares, including 710 shares rolled into the 2018 Plan that were available for future grant under the Company’s 2005 Stock Incentive Plan, as amended and restated (the “2005 Plan”) and 3,000 shares approved by the Company's shareholders on October 28, 2020. The 2018 Plan replaced the 2005 Plan. The shares authorized for issuance under the 2018 Plan will continue to be increased by any future cancellations, forfeitures or terminations (other than by exercise) of awards under the 2005 Plan. The foregoing does not affect any outstanding awards under the 2005 Plan, which remain in full force and effect in accordance with their terms. The 2018 Plan provides for the grant of non-qualified and incentive stock options, restricted stock, stock appreciation rights and deferred stock awards to employees and non-employees. Stock options must be granted with an exercise price of not less than 100% of the fair value of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant and the options generally have a term of seven years. There were 3,529 shares available for future grant under the 2018 Plan at October 1, 2021.
As part of the Company's ongoing annual equity grant program for employees, the Company grants performance-based restricted stock awards to certain executives and employees pursuant to the 2018 Plan. Performance awards vest based on the requisite service period subject to the achievement of specific financial performance targets. Based on the performance targets, some of these awards require graded vesting which results in more rapid expense recognition compared to traditional time-based vesting over the same vesting period. The Company monitors the probability of achieving the performance targets on a quarterly basis and may adjust periodic stock compensation expense accordingly based on its determination of the likelihood for reaching targets. The performance targets generally include the achievement of internal performance targets in relation to a peer group of companies.
EMPLOYEE STOCK PURCHASE PLAN
At October 1, 2021, the aggregate number of shares authorized for issuance under the Company’s 1997 Employee Stock Purchase Plan, as amended and restated (“ESPP”), is 2,300 shares, including 500 shares approved by the Company's shareholders on October 28, 2020. Under the ESPP, rights are granted to purchase shares of common stock at 85% of the lesser of the market value of such shares at either the beginning or the end of each six-month offering period. The ESPP permits employees to purchase common stock through payroll deductions, which may not exceed 10% of an employee’s compensation as defined in the ESPP. There were no shares issued under the ESPP during the first quarters ended October 1, 2021 and October 2, 2020, respectively. Shares available for future purchase under the ESPP totaled 428 at October 1, 2021.
STOCK AWARD ACTIVITY
The following table summarizes the status of the Company’s non-vested restricted stock awards and deferred stock awards since July 2, 2021:

 Non-vested Restricted Stock Awards
 Number of
Shares
Weighted Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Outstanding at July 2, 20211,013 $70.77 
Granted680 51.33 
Vested(398)60.20 
Forfeited(98)70.24 
Outstanding at October 1, 20211,197 $63.28 
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STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION EXPENSE
The Company recognizes expense for its share-based payment plans in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (Loss) Income in accordance with ASC 718, Compensation - Stock Compensation (“ASC 718”). The Company had $767 and $796 of capitalized stock-based compensation expense on the Consolidated Balance Sheets for the periods ended October 1, 2021 and July 2, 2021, respectively. Under the fair value recognition provisions of ASC 718, stock-based compensation cost is measured at the grant date based on the value of the award and is recognized as expense over the service period, net of estimated forfeitures.
The following table presents share-based compensation expenses included in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (Loss) Income:
 First Quarters Ended
 October 1, 2021October 2, 2020
Cost of revenues$559 $295 
Selling, general and administrative7,561 5,676 
Research and development1,407 1,213 
Stock-based compensation expense before tax9,527 7,184 
Income taxes(2,477)(1,868)
Stock-based compensation expense, net of income taxes$7,050 $5,316 

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L.Operating Segment, Geographic Information and Significant Customers
Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise evaluated regularly by the Company's Chief Operating Decision Maker ("CODM") in deciding how to allocate resources and assess performance. During the first quarter of fiscal 2022, the Company announced its 1MPACT value creation initiative to promote scale as the organization continues to grow. The Company evaluated this internal reorganization under FASB ASC 280, Segment Reporting ("ASC 280") to determine whether this change has impacted the Company's single operating and reportable segment. The Company concluded this change had no effect given the CODM continues to evaluate and manage the Company on the basis of one operating and reportable segment. The Company utilized the management approach for determining its operating segment in accordance with ASC 280.
The geographic distribution of the Company’s revenues as determined by country in which the Company's legal subsidiary is domiciled is summarized as follows:
U.S.EuropeAsia PacificEliminationsTotal
FIRST QUARTER ENDED OCTOBER 1, 2021
Net revenues to unaffiliated customers$213,741 $11,187 $85 $— $225,013 
Inter-geographic revenues1,559 729  (2,288)— 
Net revenues$215,300 $11,916 $85 $(2,288)$225,013 
FIRST QUARTER ENDED OCTOBER 2, 2020
Net revenues to unaffiliated customers$195,847 $9,663 $111 $— $205,621 
Inter-geographic revenues240 344  (584)— 
Net revenues$196,087 $10,007 $111 $(584)$205,621 
The Company offers a broad family of products designed to meet the full range of requirements in compute-intensive, signal processing, image processing and command and control applications. To maintain a competitive advantage, the Company seeks to leverage technology investments across multiple product lines and product solutions.
The Company’s products are typically compute-intensive and require extremely high bandwidth and high throughput. These systems often must also meet significant SWaP constraints for use in aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles, ships and other platforms and be ruggedized for use in harsh environments. The Company's products transform the massive streams of digital data created in these applications into usable information in real time. The systems can scale from a few processors to thousands of processors.
In recent years, the Company completed a series of acquisitions that changed its technological capabilities, applications and end markets. As these acquisitions and changes occurred, the Company's proportion of revenue derived from the sale of components in different technological areas, and modules, sub-assemblies and integrated subsystems which combine technologies into more complex diverse products has shifted. The following tables present revenue consistent with the Company's strategy of expanding its technological capabilities and program content. As additional information related to the Company’s products by end user, application, product grouping and/or platform is attained, the categorization of these products can vary over time. When this occurs, the Company reclassifies revenue by end user, application, product grouping and/or platform for prior periods. Such reclassifications typically do not materially change the underlying trends of results within each revenue category.
The following table presents the Company's net revenue by end user for the periods presented:
 First Quarters Ended
 October 1, 2021October 2, 2020
Domestic(1)
$189,248 $178,743 
International/Foreign Military Sales(2)
35,765 26,878 
Total Net Revenue$225,013 $205,621 
(1) Domestic revenues consist of sales where the end user is within the U.S., as well as sales to prime defense contractor customers where the ultimate end user location is not defined. 
(2) International/Foreign Military Sales consist of sales to U.S. prime defense contractor customers where the end user is known to be outside the U.S., foreign military sales through the U.S. government, and direct sales to non-U.S. based customers intended for end use outside of the U.S.
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The following table presents the Company's net revenue by end application for the periods presented:
First Quarters Ended
 October 1, 2021October 2, 2020
Radar(1)
$58,904 $72,409 
Electronic Warfare(2)
33,941 36,888 
Other Sensor & Effector(3)
31,442 23,095 
Total Sensor & Effector124,287 132,392 
C4I(4)
83,401 53,781 
Other(5)
17,325 19,448 
Total Net Revenue$225,013 $205,621 
    (1) Radar includes end-use applications where radio frequency signals are utilized to detect, track, and identify objects.
    (2) Electronic Warfare includes end-use applications comprising the offensive and defensive use of the electromagnetic spectrum.
    (3) Other Sensor & Effector products include all Sensor & Effector end markets other than Radar and Electronic Warfare.
    (4) C4I includes rugged secure rackmount servers that are designed to drive the most powerful military processing applications.
    (5) Other products include all component and other sales where the end use is not specified.
The following table presents the Company's net revenue by product grouping for the periods presented:
First Quarters Ended
 October 1, 2021October 2, 2020
Components(1)
$35,065 $50,296 
Modules and Sub-assemblies(2)
59,030 17,466 
Integrated Subsystems(3)
130,918 137,859 
Total Net Revenue$225,013 $205,621 
(1) Components include technology elements typically performing a single, discrete technological function, which when physically combined with other components may be used to create a module or sub-assembly. Examples include, but are not limited to, power amplifiers and limiters, switches, oscillators, filters, equalizers, digital and analog converters, chips, MMICs (monolithic microwave integrated circuits), and memory and storage devices.
(2) Modules and Sub-assemblies include combinations of multiple functional technology elements and/or components that work together to perform multiple functions but are typically resident on or within a single board or housing. Modules and sub-assemblies may in turn be combined to form an integrated subsystem. Examples of modules and sub-assemblies include, but are not limited to, embedded processing modules, embedded processing boards, switch fabric boards, high speed input/output boards, digital receiver boards, graphics and video processing and Ethernet and IO (input-output) boards, multi-chip modules, integrated radio frequency and microwave multi-function assemblies, tuners and transceivers.
(3) Integrated Subsystems include multiple modules and/or sub-assemblies combined with a backplane or similar functional element and software to enable a solution. These are typically but not always integrated within a chassis and with cooling, power and other elements to address various requirements and are also often combined with additional technologies for interaction with other parts of a complete system or platform. Integrated subsystems also include spare and replacement modules and sub-assemblies sold as part of the same program for use in or with integrated subsystems sold by the Company.
The following table presents the Company's net revenue by platform for the periods presented:
First Quarters Ended
October 1, 2021October 2, 2020
Airborne(1)
$116,564 $87,249 
Land(2)
35,857 37,551 
Naval(3)
39,977 46,282 
Other(4)
32,615 34,539 
Total Net Revenues$225,013 $205,621 

(1) Airborne platform includes products that relate to personnel, equipment, or pieces of equipment designed for airborne applications.
(2) Land platform includes products that relate to fixed or mobile equipment, or pieces of equipment for personnel, weapon systems, vehicles and support elements operating on land.
(3) Naval platform includes products that relate to personnel, equipment, or pieces of equipment designed for naval operations.
(4) All platforms other than Airborne, Land or Naval.
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The geographic distribution of the Company’s identifiable long-lived assets is summarized as follows:
U.S.EuropeAsia PacificEliminationsTotal
October 1, 2021$123,581 $5,108 $5 $ $128,694 
July 2, 2021$123,009 $5,509 $6 $ $128,524 
Identifiable long-lived assets exclude right-of-use assets, goodwill, and intangible assets.
Customers comprising 10% or more of the Company’s revenues for the periods shown are as follows:
First Quarters Ended
October 1, 2021October 2, 2020
U.S. Navy17 %*
Raytheon Technologies14 %23 %
Lockheed Martin Corporation
13 %19 %
44 %42 %
*    Indicates that the amount is less than 10% of the Company's revenue for the respective period.
While the Company typically has customers from which it derives 10% or more of its revenue, the sales to each of these customers are spread across multiple programs and platforms. There were no programs comprising 10% or more of the Company's revenues for the first quarters ended October 1, 2021 and October 2, 2020.
M.Commitments and Contingencies
LEGAL CLAIMS
The Company is subject to litigation, claims, investigations and audits arising from time to time in the ordinary course of its business. Although legal proceedings are inherently unpredictable, the Company believes that it has valid defenses with respect to any matters currently pending against the Company and intends to defend itself vigorously. The outcome of these matters, individually and in the aggregate, is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s cash flows, results of operations, or financial position.
On June 23, 2021, Embedded Reps of America, LLC (“ERA”), a former sales representative, and James Mazzola, a principal of ERA, filed for binding arbitration related to the termination of ERA’s sales representative agreement raising multiple claims that aggregate to approximately $9,000 in direct damages, with treble damages requested on a number of those claims. ERA was a sales representative of Themis when Themis was acquired by Mercury. The sales representative agreement provided for termination by either party upon 30 days written notice with ERA entitled to commissions for orders obtained by ERA product shipment occurring prior to termination. The Company responded to the complaint on July 28, 2021. The Company believes the claims in the complaint are without merit and intends to defend itself vigorously.
INDEMNIFICATION OBLIGATIONS
The Company’s standard product sales and license agreements entered into in the ordinary course of business typically contain an indemnification provision pursuant to which the Company indemnifies, holds harmless, and agrees to reimburse the indemnified party for losses suffered or incurred by the indemnified party in connection with any patent, copyright or other intellectual property infringement claim by any third party with respect to the Company’s products. Such provisions generally survive termination or expiration of the agreements. The potential amount of future payments the Company could be required to make under these indemnification provisions is, in some instances, unlimited.
PURCHASE COMMITMENTS
As of October 1, 2021, the Company has entered into non-cancelable purchase commitments for certain inventory components and services used in its normal operations. The purchase commitments covered by these agreements are for less than one year and aggregate to $154,689.
OTHER
As part of the Company's strategy for growth, the Company continues to explore acquisitions or strategic alliances. The associated acquisition costs incurred in the form of professional fees and services may be material to the future periods in which they occur, regardless of whether the acquisition is ultimately completed.
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The Company may elect from time to time to purchase and subsequently retire shares of common stock in order to settle employees’ tax liabilities associated with vesting of a restricted stock award or exercise of stock options. These transactions would be treated as a use of cash in financing activities in the Company's Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.
N.Subsequent Events
AVALEX ACQUISITION
On September 27, 2021, the Company announced that it has signed a definitive agreement to acquire Avalex. On November 5, 2021, the Company closed its acquisition of Avalex for an all-cash purchase of $155,000 subject to net working capital and net debt adjustments. Based in Gulf Breeze, Florida. Avalex is a provider of mission-critical avionics, including rugged displays, integrated communications management systems, digital video recorders, and warning systems. Upon completion of the acquisition, Avalex will become part of the Company's Processing division. The Company has not completed its preliminary purchase price allocation for Avalex as not all information required for the analysis was available.
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ITEM 2.     MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
From time to time, information provided, statements made by our employees or information included in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) may contain statements that are not historical facts but that are “forward-looking statements,” which involve risks and uncertainties. You can identify these statements by the use of the words “may,” “will,” “could,” “should,” “would,” “plans,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “continue,” “estimate,” “project,” “intend,” “likely,” “forecast,” “probable,” “potential,” and similar expressions. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected or anticipated. Such risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, continued funding of defense programs, the timing and amounts of such funding, general economic and business conditions, including unforeseen weakness in the Company’s markets, effects of epidemics and pandemics such as COVID, effects of any U.S. Federal government shutdown or extended continuing resolution, effects of continued geopolitical unrest and regional conflicts, competition, changes in technology and methods of marketing, delays in completing engineering and manufacturing programs, changes in customer order patterns, changes in product mix, continued success in technological advances and delivering technological innovations, changes in, or in the U.S. Government’s interpretation of, federal export control or procurement rules and regulations, changes in, or in the interpretation or enforcement of environmental rules and regulations, market acceptance of the Company's products, shortages in or delays in receiving components, production delays or unanticipated expenses due to performance quality issues with outsourced components, inability to fully realize the expected benefits from acquisitions, restructurings and value creation initiatives such as 1MPACT, or delays in realizing such benefits, challenges in integrating acquired businesses and achieving anticipated synergies, increases in interest rates, changes to industrial security and cyber-security regulations and requirements, changes in tax rates or tax regulations, changes to interest rate swaps or other cash flow hedging arrangements, changes to generally accepted accounting principles, difficulties in retaining key employees and customers, unanticipated costs under fixed-price service and system integration engagements, and various other factors beyond our control. These risks and uncertainties also include such additional risk factors as set forth under Part I-Item 1A (Risk Factors) in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended July 2, 2021. We caution readers not to place undue reliance upon any such forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date made. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which such statement is made.
OVERVIEW
Mercury Systems, Inc. is a leading technology company serving the aerospace and defense industry, positioned at the intersection of high-tech and defense. Headquartered in Andover, Massachusetts, we deliver products and solutions that enable a broad range of aerospace and defense programs, optimized for mission success in some of the most challenging and demanding environments. We envision, create and deliver innovative technology solutions that are open, purpose-built and uncompromised to meet our customers’ most-pressing high-tech needs, including those specific to the defense community.
As a leading manufacturer of essential components, products, modules and subsystems, we sell to defense prime contractors, the U.S. government and OEM commercial aerospace companies. Mercury has built a trusted, contemporary portfolio of proven product solutions purpose-built for aerospace and defense that it believes meets and exceeds the performance needs of our defense and commercial customers. Customers add their own applications and algorithms to our specialized, secure and innovative products and pre-integrated solutions. This allows them to complete their full system by integrating with their platform, the sensor technology and, in some cases, the processing from Mercury. Our products and solutions are deployed in more than 300 programs with over 25 different defense prime contractors and commercial aviation customers.
Mercury’s transformational business model accelerates the process of making new technology profoundly more accessible to our customers by bridging the gap between commercial technology and aerospace and defense applications. Our long-standing deep relationships with leading high-tech companies, coupled with our high level of R&D investments and industry-leading trusted and secure design and manufacturing capabilities, are the foundational tenets of this highly successful model. We are leading the development and adaptation of commercial technology for aerospace and defense solutions. From chip-scale to system scale and from RF to digital, we make mission-critical technologies safe, secure, affordable and relevant for our customers.
Our capabilities, technology and R&D investment strategy combine to differentiate Mercury in our industry. Our technologies and capabilities include secure embedded processing modules and subsystems, mission computers, secure and rugged rack-mount servers, safety-critical avionics, components, multi-function assemblies, subsystems and custom microelectronics. We maintain our technological edge by investing in critical capabilities and IP in processing and RF, leveraging open standards and open architectures to adapt quickly those building blocks into solutions for highly data-intensive applications, including emerging needs in areas such as AI.
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Our mission critical solutions are deployed by our customers for a variety of applications including C4ISR, electronic intelligence, avionics, EO/IR, electronic warfare, weapons and missile defense, hypersonics and radar.
Since we conduct much of our business with our defense customers via commercial items, requests by customers are a primary driver of revenue fluctuations from quarter to quarter. Customers specify delivery date requirements that coincide with their need for our products. Because these customers may use our products in connection with a variety of defense programs or other projects of different sizes and durations, a customer’s orders for one quarter generally do not indicate a trend for future orders by that customer. Additionally, order patterns do not necessarily correlate amongst customers and, therefore, we generally cannot identify sequential quarterly trends.
As of October 1, 2021, we had 2,239 employees. We employ hardware and software architects and design engineers, primarily engaged in engineering and research and product development activities to achieve our objectives to fully capitalize upon and maintain our technological leads in the high-performance, real-time sensor processing industry and in mission computing, platform management and other safety-critical applications. Our talent attraction, engagement and retention is critical to execute on our long-term strategy. We invest in our culture and values to drive employee engagement that turns ideas into action, delivering trusted and secure solutions at the speed of innovation. We believe that our success depends on our ability to embrace diversity company-wide and realize the benefits of a diverse workforce that includes a greater variety of solutions to problems, a broader collection of skills and experiences and an array of viewpoints to consider. Mercury is strongly focused on providing an inclusive environment that respects the diversity of the world. We believe that the workforce required to grow our business and deliver creative solutions must be rich in diversity of thought, experience and culture. Our diversity and inclusion initiatives focus on building and maintaining the talent that will create cohesive and collaborative teams that drive innovation. We believe that these values will help our employees realize their full potentials at work to provide Innovation That Matters®.
Our consolidated revenues, acquired revenues, net loss, diluted net loss per share, adjusted earnings per share (“adjusted EPS”), and adjusted EBITDA for the first quarter ended October 1, 2021 were $225.0 million, $41.3 million, $(7.1) million, $(0.13), $0.41, and $38.3 million, respectively. See the Non-GAAP Financial Measures section for a reconciliation to our most directly comparable GAAP financial measures.
OUR RESPONSE TO COVID
We continue to monitor the COVID pandemic and adapt our policies and programs as needed to protect the health, safety and livelihoods of our people. On September 9, 2021, President Biden signed an executive order directing executive departments and agencies to ensure that certain contracts had COVID-19 health and safety provisions, which included requirements for vaccinated employees, masking and physical distancing, and workplace safety coordinators. We are requiring all employees in the U.S. to become fully vaccinated from COVID-19 except in limited circumstances as allowed under the mandate. We are also complying with requirements for masking and physical distancing in the workplace and have maintained an internal task force to coordinate COVID-19 workplace safety efforts since the start of the pandemic.
1MPACT
On August 3, 2021, we announced a companywide effort, called 1MPACT, to lay the foundation for the next phase of the Company’s value creation at scale. The goal of 1MPACT is to achieve our full growth, margin expansion and adjusted EBITDA potential over the next five years. Since fiscal year 2014 and through the first quarter ended October 1, 2021, we have completed 13 acquisitions, deploying $1.2 billion of capital and, as a result, dramatically scaled and transformed the business. Over this time, we have extracted substantial revenue and cost synergies from each of these individual acquisitions. Now, as we approach the milestone of $1 billion of revenue, we believe there is significant opportunity to realize further scale through consolidating and streamlining our internal organizational structure which will improve visibility, speed of decision making and accountability. 1MPACT is led by our new Chief Transformation Officer, Thomas Huber, and focuses on six major areas: organization efficiency and scalability; procurement and supply chain; facilities optimization; R&D investment; capital and asset efficiency; and scalable common processes and systems.
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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS:
Results of operations for the first quarter ended October 1, 2021 includes a full period of results from the acquisitions of Physical Optics Corporation ("POC") and Pentek Technologies, LLC and Pentek Systems, Inc. (collectively, "Pentek"). Results of operations for the first quarter ended October 2, 2020 do not include results from POC or Pentek. Accordingly, the periods presented below are not directly comparable.
The first quarter ended October 1, 2021 compared to the first quarter ended October 2, 2020
The following table sets forth, for the first quarter ended indicated, financial data from the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (Loss) Income:
(In thousands)October 1, 2021As a % of
Total Net
Revenue
October 2, 2020As a % of
Total Net
Revenue
Net revenues$225,013 100.0 %$205,621 100.0 %
Cost of revenues136,604 60.7 117,502 57.1 
Gross margin88,409 39.3 88,119 42.9 
Operating expenses:
Selling, general and administrative36,956 16.4 32,904 16.0 
Research and development28,882 12.8 27,417 13.3 
Amortization of intangible assets13,734 6.1 7,731 3.8 
Restructuring and other charges12,274 5.5 1,297 0.6 
Acquisition costs and other related expenses2,138 1.0 — — 
Total operating expenses93,984 41.8 69,349 33.7 
(Loss) income from operations(5,575)(2.5)18,770 9.1 
Interest income— 72 — 
Interest expense(595)(0.3)— — 
Other expense, net(1,420)(0.6)(846)(0.3)
(Loss) income before income taxes(7,581)(3.4)17,996 8.8 
Income tax (benefit) provision(441)(0.2)2,198 1.1 
Net (loss) income$(7,140)(3.2)%$15,798 7.7 %
REVENUES
Total revenues increased $19.4 million, or 9.4%, to $225.0 million during the first quarter ended October 1, 2021, as compared to $205.6 million during the first quarter ended October 2, 2020, including “acquired revenue” which represents net revenue from acquired businesses that have been part of Mercury for completion of four full quarters or less (and excludes any intercompany transactions). After the completion of four full fiscal quarters, acquired businesses will be treated as organic for current and comparable historical periods. The increase in total revenue was primarily due to an additional $41.3 million of acquired revenues from the POC and Pentek businesses, partially offset by $21.9 million less organic revenues. These increases were driven by modules and sub-assemblies which increased $41.6 million or 238% which was partially offset by decreases in components and integrated subsystems of $15.2 million and $7.0 million, respectively. The increase in total revenue was primarily from the C4I and other sensor and effector end applications which increased $29.6 million and $8.3 million, respectively and were partially offset by a $13.5 million decrease to radar application. The increase was primarily across the airborne platform which grew $29.3 million during the first quarter ended October 1, 2021. The largest program increases were related to the MH-60 program, a classified C2 program and a classified radar program. There were no programs comprising 10% or more of our revenues for the first quarters ended October 1, 2021 or October 2, 2020. See the Non-GAAP Financial Measures section for a reconciliation to our most directly comparable GAAP financial measures.
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GROSS MARGIN
Gross margin was 39.3% for the first quarter ended October 1, 2021, a decrease of 360 basis points from the 42.9% gross margin achieved during the first quarter ended October 2, 2020. The lower gross margin was primarily driven by program mix, including the acquisition of POC, which carries lower margins than the organic business, and higher volume of Customer Funded Research and Development (“CRAD”). CRAD primarily represents engineering labor associated with long-term contracts for customized development, production and service activities. CRAD, including POC, increased $14.5 million in the quarter. Due to the nature of these efforts, they typically carry a lower margin but serve as a precursor to higher margin production orders over time. These products are predominately grouped within integrated subsystems and to a lesser extent modules and sub-assemblies. These gross margin decreases were partially offset by $1.8 million gross margin benefit from fair value adjustments from purchase accounting and $1.7 million less COVID expenses.
SELLING, GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE
Selling, general and administrative expenses increased $4.1 million, or 12.3%, to $37.0 million during the first quarter ended October 1, 2021, as compared to $32.9 million in the first quarter ended October 2, 2020. The increase was primarily related to the recent acquisitions of POC and Pentek, which contributed $3.3 million of incremental cost. Selling, general and administrative expenses increased as a percentage of revenue to 16.4% for the first quarter ended October 1, 2021 from 16.0% for the first quarter ended October 2, 2020 as a result of lower overall operating leverage in the quarter.
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
Research and development expenses increased $1.5 million, or 5.3%, to $28.9 million during the first quarter ended October 1, 2021, as compared to $27.4 million during the first quarter ended October 2, 2020. The increase was primarily related to $1.0 million of incremental expenses from the recent acquisitions of POC and Pentek as well as continued investment in internal R&D to promote future growth, including new opportunities in avionics mission computers, secure processing, radar modernization and our trusted custom microelectronics business. Research and development expenses accounted for 12.8% and 13.3% of our revenues for the first quarters ended October 1, 2021 and October 2, 2020, respectively.
AMORTIZATION OF INTANGIBLE ASSETS
Amortization of intangible assets increased $6.0 million to $13.7 million during the first quarter ended October 1, 2021, as compared to $7.7 million during the first quarter ended October 2, 2020, primarily due to the acquisitions of POC and Pentek.
RESTRUCTURING AND OTHER CHARGES
During the first quarter ended October 1, 2021, the Company incurred $12.3 million of restructuring and other charges, as compared to $1.3 million during the first quarter ended October 2, 2020. Restructuring and other charges of $7.3 million related to severance costs associated with the elimination of 100 employees based on changes in the business environment and alignment with the internal organizational changes completed under 1MPACT. The remaining $4.9 million of restructuring and other charges related to third-party consulting costs associated with 1MPACT.
ACQUISITION COSTS AND OTHER RELATED EXPENSES
Acquisition costs and other related expenses were $2.1 million during the first quarter ended October 1, 2021. The acquisition costs and other related expenses during the first quarter ended October 1, 2021 were primarily related to costs associated with signing a definitive agreement to acquire Avalex Technologies Corporation ("Avalex") and other M&A activities. We expect to incur acquisition costs and other related expenses periodically in the future as we continue to seek acquisition opportunities to expand our technological capabilities and especially within the sensor and effector and C4I markets. Transaction costs incurred by the acquiree prior to the consummation of an acquisition would not be reflected in our historical results of operations.
INTEREST INCOME
Interest income decreased to less than $0.1 million during the first quarter ended October 1, 2021, as compared to $0.1 million for the first quarter ended October 2, 2020. This was driven by lower cash on hand during the first quarter ended October 1, 2021, as compared to the prior year.
INTEREST EXPENSE
We incurred $0.6 million of interest expense during the first quarter ended October 1, 2021, related to the $200.0 million balance on our Revolver to facilitate the acquisitions of POC and Pentek during fiscal 2021.
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OTHER EXPENSE, NET
Other expense, net increased to $1.4 million during the first quarter ended October 1, 2021, as compared to $0.8 million during the first quarter ended October 2, 2020. The first quarter ended October 1, 2021 includes net foreign currency translation losses of $0.5 million and $0.2 million less of financing and registration costs, partially offset by $0.2 million of additional litigation and settlement costs. The first quarter ended October 2, 2020 includes net foreign currency translation gains of $0.2 million.
INCOME TAXES
We recorded an income tax (benefit) provision of $(0.4) million and $2.2 million on a (loss) income before income taxes of $(7.6) million and $18.0 million for the first quarters ended October 1, 2021 and October 2, 2020, respectively.
During the first quarters ended October 1, 2021 and October 2, 2020, we recognized a discrete tax provision of $0.7 million related to stock-based compensation shortfalls and a discrete tax benefit of $2.5 million related to excess benefits on stock-based compensation, respectively.
The effective tax rate for the first quarters ended October 1, 2021 and October 2, 2020 differed from the Federal statutory rate primarily due to Federal and State research and development credits, non-deductible compensation, stock-based compensation, and state taxes. In addition, during the first quarter ended October 1, 2021, we had certain unbenefited deferred tax assets.
Within the calculation of our annual effective tax rate, we have used assumptions and estimates that may change as a result of future guidance and interpretation from the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”).
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Our primary sources of liquidity come from existing cash and cash generated from operations, our Revolver and our ability to raise capital under our universal shelf registration statement. Our near-term fixed commitments for cash expenditures consist primarily of payments under operating leases and inventory purchase commitments. We plan to continue to invest in improvements to our facilities, continuous evaluation of potential acquisition opportunities and internal R&D to promote future growth, including new opportunities in avionics mission computers, secure processing, radar modernization and trusted custom microelectronics. Our facilities improvements include expansion of our trusted custom microelectronics and mission computing businesses during fiscal 2022.
Based on our current plans and business conditions, we believe that existing cash and cash equivalents, our available Revolver, cash generated from operations, and our financing capabilities will be sufficient to satisfy our anticipated cash requirements for at least the next twelve months.
Shelf Registration Statement
On September 14, 2020, we filed a shelf registration statement on Form S-3ASR with the SEC. The shelf registration statement, which was effective upon filing with the SEC, registered each of the following securities: debt securities, preferred stock, common stock, warrants and units. We intend to use the proceeds from financings using the shelf registration statement for general corporate purposes, which may include the following:
the acquisition of other companies or businesses;
the repayment and refinancing of debt;
capital expenditures;
working capital; and
other purposes as described in the prospectus supplement.
We have an unlimited amount available under the shelf registration statement.
Revolving Credit Facility
On September 28, 2018, we amended the Revolver to increase and extend the borrowing capacity to a $750.0 million, 5-year revolving credit line, with the maturity extended to September 2023. As of October 1, 2021, we had $200.0 million of outstanding borrowings on the Revolver. See Note I in the accompanying consolidated financial statements for further discussion of the Revolver.
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CASH FLOWS
 As of and For the First Quarters Ended,
(In thousands)October 1, 2021October 2, 2020
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities$(2,006)$22,929 
Net cash used in investing activities$(8,614)$(10,978)
Net cash used in financing activities$(7,316)$(64)
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents$(18,035)$12,284 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$95,804 $239,122 
Our cash and cash equivalents decreased by $18.0 million from July 2, 2021 to October 1, 2021, primarily as the result of the $7.3 million share repurchase and retirement of common stock used to settle individual tax liabilities, $5.4 million invested in purchases of property and equipment and $3.2 million of other investing activities.
Operating Activities
During the first quarter ended October 1, 2021, we had an outflow of $2.0 million in cash from operating activities, as compared to $22.9 million of cash generated from operating activities for the first quarter ended October 2, 2020. The decrease was primarily due to the net loss of $7.1 million, including cash outflows for restructuring and other charges associated with 1MPACT as well as acquisition costs primarily associated with the Avalex acquisition. In addition, the decrease was due to lower deferred revenue and customer advances, higher unbilled receivables and costs in excess of billings as well as income tax payments. These decreases were partially offset by lower cash outflows for accounts payable, accrued expenses and accrued compensation.
Investing Activities
During the first quarter ended October 1, 2021, we invested $8.6 million, a decrease of $2.4 million, as compared to the first quarter ended October 2, 2020. The decrease was driven by $5.6 million lower purchases of property and equipment, partially offset by $3.2 million of other investing activity during the first quarter ended October 1, 2021.
Financing Activities
During the first quarter ended October 1, 2021, we used $7.3 million of cash payments related to the purchase and retirement of common stock used to settle individual employees’ tax liabilities associated with the annual vesting of restricted stock awards, as compared to $0.1 million in the first quarter ended October 2, 2020.
COMMITMENTS, CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS AND CONTINGENCIES
The following is a schedule of our commitments and contractual obligations outstanding at October 1, 2021:
(In thousands)TotalLess Than
1 Year
1-3
Years
3-5
Years
More Than
5 Years
Purchase obligations$154,689 $154,689